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Ainulindalë (Morgoth's Ring)

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The title-page says: "''This was written by [[Rúmil (elf of Tirion)|Rúmil]] of [[Túna]] and was told to [[Ælfwine]] in [[Eressëa]] (as he records) by [[Pengoloð]] the Sage''". None of the earlier texts about Ælfwine is said that Pengoloð (Pengolod) instructed him directly, but he is cited as the author of works translated by Ælfwine.<ref name=Ainu>{{MR|Ainu}}</ref>{{rp|8}}
 
The title-page says: "''This was written by [[Rúmil (elf of Tirion)|Rúmil]] of [[Túna]] and was told to [[Ælfwine]] in [[Eressëa]] (as he records) by [[Pengoloð]] the Sage''". None of the earlier texts about Ælfwine is said that Pengoloð (Pengolod) instructed him directly, but he is cited as the author of works translated by Ælfwine.<ref name=Ainu>{{MR|Ainu}}</ref>{{rp|8}}
  
The narrative follows closely the [[Ainulindalë (Lost Road)|previous version]] during the first paragraphs, but the structure is completely changed with the inclusion of important elements: after the Great Music, [[Ilúvatar]] doesn't show the new creation to the [[Ainur]], but a [[Vision of Ilúvatar|Vision]]. There they can see the history of the world and the coming of the [[Children of Ilúvatar]], and they wished in their hearts that the world was real like them. Then the Vision is taken away, and Ilúvatar gives Being to the Vision with his [[Ëa|creative word]]. After the  
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The narrative follows closely the [[Ainulindalë (Lost Road)|previous version]] during the first paragraphs, but the structure is completely changed with the inclusion of important elements: after the Great Music, [[Ilúvatar]] doesn't show the new creation to the [[Ainur]], but a [[Vision of Ilúvatar|Vision]]. There they can see the history of the world and the coming of the [[Children of Ilúvatar]], and they wished in their hearts that the world was real like them. Then the Vision is taken away, and Ilúvatar gives Being to the Vision with his [[Ëa|creative word]]. After the entry of the Ainur into the World, the Valar do not simply occupy their realms in nature, but they find the World almost unshaped, so they begin their agelong labours. Thus is formed the dwelling of the Children of Ilúvatar, which Melkor claims for himself. A strife begins between him alone and the Valar, and he withdrews outside Earth.
  
 
===''Ainulindalë'' D===
 
===''Ainulindalë'' D===

Revision as of 19:49, 21 March 2020

The name Ainulindalë refers to more than one character, item or concept. For a list of other meanings, see Ainulindalë (disambiguation).
Morgoth's Ring
Part One: Ainulindalë
Part Two: The Annals of Aman
Part Three: The Later Quenta Silmarillion
  1. The First Phase
    1. Of the Valar
    2. Of Valinor and the Two Trees
    3. Of the Coming of the Elves
    4. Of Thingol and Melian
    5. Of Eldanor and the Princes of the Eldalië
    6. Of the Silmarils and the Darkening of Valinor
    7. Of the Flight of the Noldor
    8. Of the Sun and Moon and the Hiding of Valinor
  2. The Second Phase
    1. The Valaquenta
    2. The Earliest Version of the Story of Finwë and Míriel
    3. Laws and Customs Among the Eldar
    4. Later Versions of the Story of Finwë and Míriel
    5. Of Fëanor and the Unchaining of Melkor
    6. Of the Silmarils and the Unrest of the Noldor
    7. Of the Darkening of Valinor
    8. Of the Rape of the Silmarils
    9. Of the Thieves' Quarrel
Part Four: Athrabeth Finrod ah Andreth
Tale of Adanel
Part Five: Myths Transformed

The Ainulindalë is the first part of Morgoth's Ring, the tenth volume of The History of Middle-earth. It contains three different versions of the Ainulindalë (Rúmil's work) written after the last version published in The Lost Road and Other Writings.

Contents

Synopsis

When he had just begun to write The Lord of the Rings, Tolkien rewrote the cosmological myth in what his son lettered as Ainulindalë B. Christopher assumed that his father didn't come back to the matter of the Elder Days until finishing The Lord of the Rings, but editing this new volume, he realized that Tolkien did work on the Ainulindalë before starting The Return of the King. He found a single torn sheet of a new version of the Ainulindalë from 1946 and two drafts of the Letter 115. This letter was probably written in 1948, to Katherine Farrer, the wife of the theologian Austin Farrer, answering her comments on the Legendarium. He had previously lent her some manuscripts, including a Round World Version of the Ainulindalë, which Christopher letters as C*, and the previous Ainulindalë B. Mrs. Farrer preferred the Flat World Version, answering Tolkien with great entusiasm:

I like the Flat World versions best. The hope of Heaven is the only thing which makes modern astronomy tolerable: otherwise there must be an East and a West and Walls: aims and choices and not an endless circle of wandering.

She even asked to read more about The Silmarillion, and Tolkien "was really very touched by [her] kind letter – and also excited",[1] although it took a long time for answering her, due he could not find some manuscripts to lend her. Thus, Tolkien rejected the Round World version of the Ainulindalë and wrote a new version directly from the version B. As Christopher summarizes:

  • Ainulindalë B, a manuscript from 1930s, lent to Katherine Ferrer in 1948 with the 'Flat World Version' written in it.
  • A new version, lost apart from a single torn sheet, written in 1946.
  • Ainulindalë C*, a typescript based on this last text, lent to Katherine Ferrer in 1948 with the 'Round World Version' written in it.
  • Ainulindalë C, made from version B, removing innovative elements of version C*.
  • Ainulindalë D, the last clean version, probably made not longer after version C.

Due the peculiarities of version C*, Christopher does not give the texts in chronological order.

Alteration in last revision 1951

Before starting with the Ainulindalë texts, Christopher gives a brief but important document: an isolated list of names headed Alteration in last revision 1951. Here are given definitive Elvish names, such as Eru, Arda, Almaren, among others. Not all of them were newly devised, some of them go back to The Notion Club Papers and The Drowning of Anadûnê. Thus, this list has great value of dating, as the differences with Ainulindalë D show that this last version was written before 1951.[2]:7

Ainulindalë C

The title-page says: "This was written by Rúmil of Túna and was told to Ælfwine in Eressëa (as he records) by Pengoloð the Sage". None of the earlier texts about Ælfwine is said that Pengoloð (Pengolod) instructed him directly, but he is cited as the author of works translated by Ælfwine.[2]:8

The narrative follows closely the previous version during the first paragraphs, but the structure is completely changed with the inclusion of important elements: after the Great Music, Ilúvatar doesn't show the new creation to the Ainur, but a Vision. There they can see the history of the world and the coming of the Children of Ilúvatar, and they wished in their hearts that the world was real like them. Then the Vision is taken away, and Ilúvatar gives Being to the Vision with his creative word. After the entry of the Ainur into the World, the Valar do not simply occupy their realms in nature, but they find the World almost unshaped, so they begin their agelong labours. Thus is formed the dwelling of the Children of Ilúvatar, which Melkor claims for himself. A strife begins between him alone and the Valar, and he withdrews outside Earth.

Ainulindalë D

Ainulindalë C*

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien; Humphrey Carpenter, Christopher Tolkien (eds.), The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien, Letter 115, (dated 15 June, year unknown (possibly 1948))
  2. 2.0 2.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Morgoth's Ring, "Part One. Ainulindalë"