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ar

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The word ar or âr can have various meanings:

Contents

[edit] Root

[edit] Adûnaic

  1. A prefix used to denominate kingship, equivalent to Quenya Tar-[1]

[edit] Quenya

  1. "And"[2]
  2. "Beside, outside, without"[2]

[edit] Etymology

[edit] Sindarin

  1. "Beside, without" (archaic)[3]
  2. A shorter form of ara, "high, lofty, noble"[1]
  3. Âr "king (used of a lord or king of a specified region)"

[edit] Noldorin

Tolkien apparently used the word ar to translate "and" in a Noldorin phrase inscribed on a draft of Thrór's Map.[4][5][6]

[edit] Examples

[edit] Westron

  1. The name of the twenty-first Tengwa.

[edit] References

  1. 1.0 1.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Appendix: Elements in Quenya and Sindarin Names", ar(a)-
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, "Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings", in Parma Eldalamberon XVII (edited by Christopher Gilson), p. 70
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Appendix: Elements in Quenya and Sindarin Names", ar-
  4. 4.0 4.1 Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull, J.R.R. Tolkien: Artist & Illustrator, pp. 92, 150 (note 6)
  5. 5.0 5.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "An Unexpected Party" (translation by Gandalf of the Old English runes on the map)
  6. 6.0 6.1 Thrór's map inscription at Jrrvf.com (accessed 27 June 2011)