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Arthur Tolkien

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'''Arthur Reuel Tolkien''', the father of [[J.R.R. Tolkien]], was born in Handsworth, Stafford, England, about February of 1857. He was the eldest child of John Benjamin Tolkien and Mary Jane Stowe, who had married on 16 February, 1856 in All Saints Parish church, Birmingham, Warwickshire, England. Arthur had at least 5 siblings: Mabel (1858), Grace Bindley (1861), Florence Mary (1863), Wilfred Henry, and Laurence George H. Tolkien. Marian Esther (1866) and Mary Tolkien (1870) may also have been sisters of Arthur.
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'''Arthur Reuel Tolkien''', the father of [[J.R.R. Tolkien]], was born in Handsworth, Stafford, England, about February of 1857. He was the eldest child of [[John Benjamin Tolkien]] and [[Mary Jane Stowe]]. Arthur had at least 5 siblings: Mabel (1858), Grace Bindley (1861), Florence Mary (1863), Wilfred Henry, and Laurence George H. Tolkien. Marian Esther (1866) and Mary Tolkien (1870) may also have been sisters of Arthur.
  
 
Arthur's father John had previously been married, to Jane Holmwood, with whom he had four children: Emily, born 1838, Louisa, born 1840, John Benjamin, born 1845 and Jane, born 1846.
 
Arthur's father John had previously been married, to Jane Holmwood, with whom he had four children: Emily, born 1838, Louisa, born 1840, John Benjamin, born 1845 and Jane, born 1846.
  
John had been a piano teacher and turner and a music seller, but he had gone bankrupt. Arthur did not follow his father into the traditional Tolkien trade in pianos, which many of his London cousins also followed; instead he became a bank clerk and ended up moving to South Africa, where he was later joined by his fiance, [[Mabel Suffield]]. They were married in 1891. [[J.R.R. Tolkien|Ronald]] was born on the 3rd of January 1892 and his brother [[Hillary Arthur Tolkien|Hillary Arthur]] two years later on February 17, 1894. Their mother felt the English climate would be better for the boys' health and returned to England in 1895. Arthur remained in South Africa because of bussiness, where he died of severe brain haemorrhage following rheumatic fever, on 15 February 1896, before he had the opportunity to join his family in England. Arthur was buried in the Anglican church in Bloemfontein.  
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Arthur did not follow his father into the traditional Tolkien trade in pianos, which many of his London cousins also followed; instead he became a bank clerk and ended up moving to South Africa, where he was later joined by his fiancée, [[Mabel Suffield]].  
  
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Arthur and Mabel were married in [[1891]]. Their first son, [[J.R.R. Tolkien|Ronald]], was born on [[3 January|January 3]], [[1892]], and a second son, [[Hilary Tolkien|Hilary Arthur Reuel]], was born two years later on [[17 February|February 17]], [[1894]].
  
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Mabel felt the English climate would be better for the boys' health and returned to England in [[1895]]. Arthur remained in South Africa because of business. Before he had the opportunity to join his family in England, he was hit by rheumatic fever and died of severe brain haemorrhage, on [[15 February|February 15]], [[1896]]. His father followed six months later.
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Arthur's burial service took place in the Anglican church in Bloemfontein. He was buried in the "President Brand graveyard". His grave we re-discovered in the early 1990s by co-founders of the [[Haradrim_(Tolkien_Society)|South African Tolkien Society]].<ref>"[http://152.111.1.88/argief/berigte/beeld/1992/01/23/4/10.html Graf van Tolkien se pa is nou opgespoor]" (accessed 31 October 2011)</ref> A new tombstone was placed on his grave by the Tolkien family and co-founders of the South African Tolkien Society.<ref>Jan-Stefan van der Walt, "[http://kloofstreet.blogspot.com/2008/03/one-with-photo-of-tolkiens-fathers.html The one with a photo of Tolkien's father's grave]" at [http://kloofstreet.blogspot.com/ Kloof Street Blog] (accessed 31 October 2011)</ref>
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{{References}}
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[[Category:Tolkien Family]]
 
[[Category:Tolkien Family]]
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[[Category:British people]]
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Revision as of 18:01, 31 October 2011

Arthur Reuel Tolkien, the father of J.R.R. Tolkien, was born in Handsworth, Stafford, England, about February of 1857. He was the eldest child of John Benjamin Tolkien and Mary Jane Stowe. Arthur had at least 5 siblings: Mabel (1858), Grace Bindley (1861), Florence Mary (1863), Wilfred Henry, and Laurence George H. Tolkien. Marian Esther (1866) and Mary Tolkien (1870) may also have been sisters of Arthur.

Arthur's father John had previously been married, to Jane Holmwood, with whom he had four children: Emily, born 1838, Louisa, born 1840, John Benjamin, born 1845 and Jane, born 1846.

Arthur did not follow his father into the traditional Tolkien trade in pianos, which many of his London cousins also followed; instead he became a bank clerk and ended up moving to South Africa, where he was later joined by his fiancée, Mabel Suffield.

Arthur and Mabel were married in 1891. Their first son, Ronald, was born on January 3, 1892, and a second son, Hilary Arthur Reuel, was born two years later on February 17, 1894.

Mabel felt the English climate would be better for the boys' health and returned to England in 1895. Arthur remained in South Africa because of business. Before he had the opportunity to join his family in England, he was hit by rheumatic fever and died of severe brain haemorrhage, on February 15, 1896. His father followed six months later.

Arthur's burial service took place in the Anglican church in Bloemfontein. He was buried in the "President Brand graveyard". His grave we re-discovered in the early 1990s by co-founders of the South African Tolkien Society.[1] A new tombstone was placed on his grave by the Tolkien family and co-founders of the South African Tolkien Society.[2]

References

  1. "Graf van Tolkien se pa is nou opgespoor" (accessed 31 October 2011)
  2. Jan-Stefan van der Walt, "The one with a photo of Tolkien's father's grave" at Kloof Street Blog (accessed 31 October 2011)