Tolkien Gateway

Brown Lands

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The Brown Lands was a region east of the Anduin between Mirkwood to the north and the Emyn Muil to the south.[1] When seen by the Fellowship of the Ring as they drifted by in boats upon the great river, the Brown Lands were long, formless slopes with a withered look, having no trees or even grass. What had caused such desolation not even Aragorn could tell.[2]

Later, Treebeard told of the Ents crossing the Anduin in search of the Entwives, who had worked in their gardens there before it became a desert after the passing of war. Treebeard appeared convinced that the Entwives were not all destroyed but were "lost".[3] Their ultimate fate remains a mystery.


J.R.R. Tolkien describes in his unfinished index (for The Lord of the Rings) the Brown Lands as a 'translation' of Berennyn (containing Sindarin baran 'brown, yellow-brown') "a devastated region, east of Anduin, between Lórien and the Emyn Muil".[4]


  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, "The West of Middle-earth at the End of the Third Age" [map]
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, "The Great River"
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Two Towers, "Treebeard"
  4. Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull (eds), The Lord of the Rings: A Reader's Companion, p. 343 (quoting from the manuscript "Index questions")