|Location||above Khazad-dûm, between Celebdil and Fanuidhol, on the border between Eriador and Rhovanion|
|Belongs to||the Misty Mountains|
|Other names||Redhorn (Westron), Baraz(inbar) (Khuzdul)|
|Etymology||Caradhras: caran - red, ras - horn|
Barazinbar: baraz - red, inbar - horn
|Events||capture of Celebrían, wife of Elrond; attempt of Fellowship of the Ring to cross Misty Mountains|
Caradhras was the tallest and northernmost of the Mountains of Moria, the three mountains which the great Dwarf city of Khazad-dûm was built under. The other two were Celebdil (Silvertine) and Fanuidhol (Cloudyhead). Caradhras was described as "mighty peak, tipped with snow like silver, but with sheer naked sides". In the light of the rising or setting sun it appeared "dull red as if stained with blood".
Caradhras was called the Cruel by the Dwarves and had long had a bad reputation. It was the site in Middle-earth where Mithril was found and where dwarves woke Durin's Bane, the Balrog of Moria.
The Redhorn Gate
The Redhorn Gate (also called the Redhorn Pass) was a narrow and dangerous pass through the Misty Mountains that led from the wilds of Eriador through to Rhovanion beyond. Sheer and steep, it climbed across the southern slopes of Caradhras and led down into the Dimrill Dale and hence the Vale of Anduin beyond the Mountains.
The Redhorn Gate was known to be treacherous. It was on this pass in T.A. 2509 that Celebrían, the wife of Elrond, was captured by orcs. This was also the pass used by the hobbits migrating from Gladden Fields into Eriador.
After the fall of Khazad-dûm, this pass was predominantly used by elves travelling between Lorien and Eriador. On 11 January - 12, T.A. 3019, the Fellowship of the Ring attempted to cross the Misty Mountains by the Redhorn Gate. They came into a fierce blizzard and could not go any further due to the deep snow. So they were defeated by the ill will of the mountain and were forced to cross under the Misty Mountains through the Mines of Moria.
The name is Sindarin and means Redhorn. It is composed of caran "red" and ras "horn". As a compound, the contact of n next to r presents a phenomenon similar to prestanneth: Caran-ras is assimilated to Caradhras.
Portrayal in Adaptations
In The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring by Peter Jackson the violent snowstorms on the mountain are caused by Saruman and not the mountain itself. In his spell, Saruman mentions the neo-Quenya name of Caradhras as Carnirasse.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, "The Ring Goes South"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "Durin's Folk"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Third Age"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Great Years"