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The castar, or Sindarin mirian, was the chief currency in Gondor. A smaller coin was the tharni or canath, a silver coin worth a fourth of the castar.[1]


Westron castar bears a striking resemblance to the Hobbitish word kast and Rohirric kastu, which mean "mathom".[2] Sindarin mirian seems to be derived from mîr, "jewel".


  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "The Appendix on Languages"
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix F, "On Translation"