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| titles=[[Lord of the Éothéod]]<br/>[[King of Rohan]]
| titles=[[Lord of the Éothéod]]<br/>[[King of Rohan]]
| position=
| position=
| realm=[[Rohan]]
| location=[[Rohan]]
| affiliation=[[Oath of Eorl]]
| affiliation=[[Oath of Eorl]]
| language=[[Rohirric]] and [[Westron]]
| language=[[Rohirric]] and [[Westron]]

Revision as of 12:47, 4 November 2012

Jan Pospisil - Eorl the Young at Celebrant.jpg
Biographical Information
Other namesthe Young
TitlesLord of the Éothéod
King of Rohan
AffiliationOath of Eorl
LanguageRohirric and Westron
BirthT.A. 2485
RuleT.A. 2501 - T.A. 2510 (Lord)
T.A. 2510 - T.A. 2545 (King)
DeathT.A. 2545 (aged 60)
The Wold
HouseHouse of Eorl
Physical Description
Hair colorYellow[1]
GalleryImages of Eorl

Eorl the Young (Third Age 2485 – 2545, aged 60 years) was the son of Léod of the Éothéod, and founder of Rohan.[1]


Eorl was known as "the Young" because he became Lord of the Éothéod at the age of 16 and because he never lost his yellow hair. His father Leod was killed while trying to tame Felaróf but young Eorl managed to tame him, and kept him as his steed for the rest of his life.[1]

In T.A. 2510, Borondir Udalraph came to the north seeking aid, as the South-kingdom was attacked by the Orcs and the Balchoth. On April 15th, Eorl came to the Field of Celebrant, and joined the battle. For his service to Gondor, he was granted Calenardhon to dwell in. As a return, Eorl and his descendants would have to come to the aid of Gondor when they requested; this was known as the Oath of Eorl.[2] This would be answered at least twice: once by Folcred and Fastred, and once by Théoden Ednew.[3]

Eorl died in battle against the Easterlings in T.A. 2545.[3]


Eorl is an Old English word that can be roughly translated as "one of the nobility, earl". It was the highest of the ranks in North Germanic culture, not introduced to Britain until the late 9th century. The title was known as jarl in Old Norse,[4] and because of that, the Þórsteinn Thorarensen used this throughout his Icelandic translation of The Lord of the Rings, along with Hjálmur, Þengill, Þjódan and Jómar.[5]

Compare Ceorl, the second rank.


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The House of Eorl"
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "Cirion and Eorl and the Friendship of Gondor and Rohan"
  3. 3.0 3.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The House of Eorl", "The Kings of the Mark"
  4. Jarl in Sweden at Wikipedia
  5. Arden R. Smith, Transitions in Translations: Upphaflega íslensk heiti, published in Vinyar Tengwar 42, pages 35-37
House of Eorl
Born: T.A. 2485 Died: T.A. 2545
Preceded by:
Lord of the Éothéod
T.A. 25012510
Himself as King
1st King of Rohan
T.A. 25102545
Followed by: