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Etten

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'''Etten''' is an obscure term in [[Westron]] that probably refers to monsters like [[Trolls]] or [[Ogres]].<ref name=nomen/><ref name=drout/>
 
'''Etten''' is an obscure term in [[Westron]] that probably refers to monsters like [[Trolls]] or [[Ogres]].<ref name=nomen/><ref name=drout/>
  
The word is seen in such names as [[Ettenmoors]], in which were the [[Ettendales]]. These were inhabited by Trolls<ref>{{FR|Flight}}</ref> whereas [[coldfells|nearby lands north]] of [[Rivendell]] were infested by [[hill-trolls]].
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The [[Ettenmoors]] were named after these beings, in which were the [[Ettendales]], that were a troll-country<ref>{{FR|Flight|50}}, p. 203</ref> whereas specifically [[hill-trolls]] were seen in the [[Coldfells|lands north]] of [[Rivendell]].<Ref>{{App|Tale|50}}, p. 1057</ref>
 
==Etymology==
 
==Etymology==
Concerning the name Ettendales (and Ettenmoors) Tolkien noted the "obsolete element ''[[Wiktionary:ettin|eten]]'' ('troll, [[Ogres|ogre]]')".<ref name=nomen>{{HM|N}}, p. 770</ref> It is a word derived from [[Old English]] ''[[Wiktionary:eoten#Old_English|eōten]]'' ("[[giants|giant]], [[trolls|troll]], [[ogres|ogre]]")<ref>{{HM|RC}}, p. 183</ref><ref>{{HM|N}}, p. 770</ref> and is etymologically related to the word ''[[Wiktionary:ent|Ent]]''.  
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Explaining the name Ettendales (and Ettenmoors) Tolkien noted the "obsolete element ''[[Wiktionary:ettin|eten]]'' ('troll, ogre')".<ref name=nomen>{{HM|N}}, p. 770</ref> It is a word derived from [[Old English]] ''[[Wiktionary:eoten#Old_English|eōten]]'' ("[[giants|giant]], [[trolls|troll]], [[ogres|ogre]]")<ref>{{HM|RC}}, p. 183</ref><ref>{{HM|N}}, p. 770</ref> and is etymologically related to the word ''[[Wiktionary:ent|Ent]]''.  
  
 
These locations are linked to the trolls, while another name of the "Ettenmoors" is "'''Troll-fells'''". [[Michael D.C. Drout]] noted that Tolkien "probably thought of an 'ettin' as a troll".<ref name=drout>{{webcite|author=[[Michael D.C. Drout]] |articleurl=https://asnoc.wordpress.com/2012/10/05/an-anglo-saxonist-gets-his-fifteen-minutes-or-what-happens-when-the-media-briefly-pay-attention/|website=[https://asnoc.wordpress.com/ ASNØC]|articlename=An Anglo-saxonist gets his fifteen minutes|accessed=28 February 2020}}</ref>
 
These locations are linked to the trolls, while another name of the "Ettenmoors" is "'''Troll-fells'''". [[Michael D.C. Drout]] noted that Tolkien "probably thought of an 'ettin' as a troll".<ref name=drout>{{webcite|author=[[Michael D.C. Drout]] |articleurl=https://asnoc.wordpress.com/2012/10/05/an-anglo-saxonist-gets-his-fifteen-minutes-or-what-happens-when-the-media-briefly-pay-attention/|website=[https://asnoc.wordpress.com/ ASNØC]|articlename=An Anglo-saxonist gets his fifteen minutes|accessed=28 February 2020}}</ref>

Revision as of 17:03, 23 June 2021

Etten is an obscure term in Westron that probably refers to monsters like Trolls or Ogres.[1][2]

The Ettenmoors were named after these beings, in which were the Ettendales, that were a troll-country[3] whereas specifically hill-trolls were seen in the lands north of Rivendell.[4]

Etymology

Explaining the name Ettendales (and Ettenmoors) Tolkien noted the "obsolete element eten ('troll, ogre')".[1] It is a word derived from Old English eōten ("giant, troll, ogre")[5][6] and is etymologically related to the word Ent.

These locations are linked to the trolls, while another name of the "Ettenmoors" is "Troll-fells". Michael D.C. Drout noted that Tolkien "probably thought of an 'ettin' as a troll".[2]

Other versions of the legendarium

While writing The Fellowship of the Ring, Tolkien considered the name "Entish Dales" or "Entish Lands" for the Ettenmoors, as the adjective "entish" directly refers to Old English eōten "giant", although this was before he conceived the benevolent Ents of The Two Towers.[7]

Inspiration

In many fantasy settings, but also some adaptations of Middle-earth, there are monsters called Ettins (or Ettens) that are usually portrayed as two-headed.[8][9][10] C.S. Lewis was perhaps the one who introduced the trope, with the Ettins of Ettinsmoor, some of which have two heads; in The Silver Chair the ettins play the game of Cockshies, throwing rocks at a gorge, much like the stone giants in The Hobbit.[11] There is no indication that Tolkien intended his "ettens" to have two heads or that he connected them with the stone giants.

Portrayal in adaptations

1998-2004: Middle-earth Online:

Ettins, a race of two-headed Trolls, was intended to be included in the game.[12]

2002-5: The Lord of the Rings Roleplaying Game:

Ettens resemble the Hill-trolls, but they possess "not one but two long heads". The solitary creatures, a result of an ancient experiment by Morgoth, live almost exclusively in the Ettenmoors.[13]

2007: The Lord of the Rings Online:

Ettens are a race of trolls, primarily native to the Trollshaws region. They wear animal-skin cloaks that create the illusion of them being two-headed.

See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, "Nomenclature of The Lord of the Rings" in Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull (eds), The Lord of the Rings: A Reader's Companion, p. 770
  2. 2.0 2.1 Michael D.C. Drout, "An Anglo-saxonist gets his fifteen minutes", ASNØC (accessed 28 February 2020)
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings (50th Anniv. Ed.), The Fellowship of the Ring, "Flight to the Ford", p. 203
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings (50th Anniv. Ed.), Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "The Tale of Aragorn and Arwen", p. 1057
  5. Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull (eds), The Lord of the Rings: A Reader's Companion, p. 183
  6. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Nomenclature of The Lord of the Rings" in Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull (eds), The Lord of the Rings: A Reader's Companion, p. 770
  7. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Return of the Shadow, "The First Phase: XI. From Weathertop to the Ford, Note on the Entish Lands"
  8. Dungeons and Dragons (1977), Monster Manual; see further Ettin (Dungeons & Dragons) at Wikipedia
  9. Ettins at Ultima Wiki.
  10. Ettin at World of Warcraft Wiki (accessed 15 November 2010)
  11. Ettins in Narnia Wiki
  12. Roundup 12.1 (02-09-2004) at My.lotro.com (accessed 16 November 2010)
  13. Scott Bennie, Mike Mearls, Steve Miller, Aaron Rosenberg, Chris Seeman, Owen Seyler, and George Strayton (2003), Fell Beasts and Wondrous Magic
Legendary Races of Arda
 Animals:  Dumbledors · Gorcrows · Hummerhorns · Pards · Swans of Gorbelgod · Turtle-fish
Dragon-kind:  Great glow-worms · Sea-serpents · Spark-dragons · Were-worms
Evil Races:  Ettens · Giants · Gongs · Half-trolls · Hobgoblins · Ogres · Snow-trolls · Two-headed Trolls
Fairies and Sprites:  Dryads · Leprechauns/Leprawns · Mermaids · Sylphs · White cow
Other:  Badger-folk · Great beasts · Lintips · Mewlips · Nameless Things · Spectres
Individuals:  The Hunter · Lonely Troll · Man in the Moon · The Rider · River-woman · Tarlang · Tim