|Other names||Artanáro/Rodnor (Q/S, fn),|
Ereinion (S, epessë)
|Titles||High King of the Noldor|
|Location||Havens of Sirion; Lindon|
|Language||Quenya and Sindarin|
|Birth||c. F.A. 450 |
|Rule||F.A. 510 - S.A. 3441|
|Death||S.A. 3441 (aged c. 3581)|
Siege of Barad-dûr
|House||House of Finarfin|
Ereinion Gil-galad (S, pron. [eˈreɪnjon ˈɡilɡalad]) was the sixth and last High King of the Noldor. He is the son of Orodreth (in the Silmarillion he is the son of Fingon), who was in turn the son of Angrod of Finarfin's house.
Gil-galad was a descendant of the Noldor, Teleri and Vanyar, for his great-grandmother Eärwen, married with Finarfin, is the daughter of Olwë of the Teleri and his Great-Great-grandmother Indis, married with Finwe, is of the Vanyar. Nonetheless, he is counted among the Noldor.
The exact date and place of Gil-galad's birth is not given. His father Orodreth dwelt at Minas Tirith upon Tol Sirion, so he might either been born there or his granduncle's Finrod Felagund underground fortress Nargothrond.
He was still a child at the time of the Dagor Bragollach when Morgoth broke the Siege of Angband and his grandfather Angrod was killed. As a result his father sent him (and his mother) to Círdan at the Havens of the Falas for safekeeping. After the fall of Minas Tirith, the Pass of Sirion was open to Morgoth's hosts although they were still kept at bay by the still mighty realm of Hithlum and also the power of Nargothrond. Hithlum was destroyed after the Nirnaeth Arnoediad and thus there was now power left that could withstand the enemies and the ports at the Falas were besieged and captured. Yet Círdan, Gil-galad and many other Elves could flee from death on ship and etablished a refuge upon the Isle of Balar and a small haven at the Mouths of Sirion.
In the Nirnaeth Arnoediad Fingon, High King of the Noldor, was slain, and the crown passed to his brother Turgon in Gondolin. When Gondolin was lost, Gil-galad received the Kingship of the Noldor, as his father had been killed in Battle of Tumhalad some years before and Turgon did not have a male descendant . He and Círdan maintained the refuge upon Balar and the small port at the Sirion estuary until the War of Wrath and the end of the First Age.
After the destruction of Beleriand during the War of Wrath, Gil-galad founded a kingdom in Lindon in the far northwest of Middle-earth, roughly between the Blue Mountains and the Great Sea around the Gulf of Lhûn and the havens Forlond, Harlond and Mithlond were founded. Many Elves, both Sindar and Noldor joined him. But soon there was again unrest among the Noldor, and many of them left Lindon and led by Celebrimbor founded the realm of Eregion, probably also stirred up by the finding of Mithril in Khazad-dûm. Also some Sindar and many of the Nandor did not wish to live with the Noldor, who had done them great evil, and migrated eastwards to Lothlórien or Greenwood the Great.
When Prince Aldarion of Númenor came to Middle-earth, they established friendship with the Elves. In S.A. 882 Gil-galad gave him a letter for his father, the King of Númenor, Tar-Meneldur. He warned him that a new shadow was arisen in the East and beseeched him for aid.Annatar, the "Lord of Gifts". But Gil-galad and Círdan did not trust him and rejected his proposals. Sauron though, was welcomed in Eregion and the Rings of Power were forged. Around S.A. 1600 Sauron had forged the One Ring, and in 1695 he invaded Eriador, the War of the Elves and Sauron began. Celebrimbor had rescued the Three Rings of the Elves in time, sending Narya and Vilya to Gil-galad, while the third ring Nenya was given to Galadriel.
Sauron conquered Eregion quickly and the forces from Lindon that Gil-galad had sent under command of Elrond came too late and were too small and fled far north, where Elrond etablished the stronghold of Imladris.
The war lasted on, until a great fleet of the Númenóreans arrived at Lindon. With united forces, Sauron's army was driven back and defeated near Sarnford and withdrew to Tharbad were he was reinforced. But the Númenórean's Admiral Tar-Minastir had send a fleet up river Gwathló and Sauron's army was attacked in the rear and utterly defeated. After this war, the Elves were not further troubled by Sauron for a long time. During this time, Gil-galad passed the rings Narya and Vilya to Círdan and Elrond.
After the Downfall of Númenor, Elendil and his sons came to Middle-earth and founded the realms of Gondor in the south and Arnor in the north. Gondor was soon attacked by Sauron and Elendil's son Isildur had to flee, and sailed north to his father, where the Last Alliance of Elves and Men was formed with Gil-galad.
It took several years for the Allies to gather their forces but ultimately they marched on Mordor and defeated a great army in the Battle of Dagorlad. They broke through Cirith Gorgor and besieged Sauron's Dark Tower.
When the siege had lasted seven years, it became so pressing that Sauron himself sallied forth. By his power the siege was broken and his army advanced to the slopes of Orodruin. There he was engaged by Elendil and Gil-galad in single combat. Both Gil-galad and Elendil were killed by Sauron's hands. Gil-galad was the last High King of Noldor.
Gil-galad's weapon was the spear Aeglos.
Other Versions of the Legendarium
Originally in early versions of The Silmarillion, Gil-galad was the son of Finrod Felagund. In the Grey Annals, however, Felagund had no son, leaving his wife in Tirion at the Flight of the Noldor. Later writings, specifically the Shibboleth of Fëanor, presents the fact that Gil-galad was the son of Orodreth, who was in fact the son of Angrod. In other early versions he was of the House of Fëanor.
In the published Silmarillion and The Mariner's Wife Gil-galad is said to have been the son of Fingon. However, Christopher Tolkien later admitted that it was a rushed choice, and that Gil-galad was Orodreth's son in the original manuscripts written by his father.
Gil-galad is a Sindarin name, meaning "Star of bright light". The name consists of the elements gil ("star") + galad ("radiance"). According to a note this name was given to him because of the brightness of his eyes .
House of Finarfin
|6th High King of the Noldor
F.A. 510 - S.A. 3441
Portrayals in adaptations
- In the prologue, Gil-galad can be seen holding one of the three Elven rings. Later, he is seen wielding his spear Aeglos in the Battle of the Last Alliance of Elves and Men. His death is not shown, and he does not take down Sauron. He is played by Mark Ferguson.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "Part Two. The Later Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Ruin of Beleriand and the Fall of Fingolfin (Chapter 15)"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Ruin of Beleriand and the Fall of Fingolfin"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Fifth Battle: Nirnaeth Arnoediad"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of Tuor and the Fall of Gondolin"
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Of the Rings of Power and the Third Age"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "Aldarion and Erendis: The Mariner's Wife"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "The Tale of Years of the Second Age"
- ↑ 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, "Notes and Translations", in The Road Goes Ever On (J.R.R. Tolkien, Donald Swann), p. 73