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'''Gnomish''', also called '''Goldogrin''' or '''I-Lam na-Ngoldathon''' ("The language of the Noldoli"), was the language of the [[Gnomes]] spoken in the [[Great Lands]].
 
'''Gnomish''', also called '''Goldogrin''' or '''I-Lam na-Ngoldathon''' ("The language of the Noldoli"), was the language of the [[Gnomes]] spoken in the [[Great Lands]].
  
This language was the first incarnation of the [[Celtic]]-like [[Elvish]] language invented by [[J.R.R. Tolkien|Tolkien]] during the first drafts of his [[Legendarium]] during [[1917]] and later. The language would evolve into the language known as [[Noldorin]] around [[1930]] and finally envisioned as [[Sindarin|the language of the Sindar]] during the writing of ''[[The Lord of the Rings]]''.
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This language was the first incarnation of the [[Celtic]]-like [[Elvish]] language invented by [[Tolkien]] during the first drafts of his [[Legendarium]] during [[1917]] and later. The language would evolve into the language known as [[Noldorin]] around [[1930]] and finally envisioned as [[Sindarin|the language of the Sindar]] during the writing of the ''[[Lord of the Rings]]''.
  
Unlike [[Sindarin]], and like [[Quenya]], Goldogrin was an inflected language with a full case system; For example, the genitive plural "of the Gnomes" is ''Ngoldathon'' as seen above. The ending ''-on'' is also known from later Quenya. It is also seen in later names such as [[Caras Galadhon]] (said to be [[Silvan Elvish]]) and perhaps [[Dorthonion]].
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Unlike Sindarin, and like Quenya, Goldogrin was an inflected language with a full case system; For example the genitive plural "of the Gnomes" is ''Ngoldathon'' as seen above. The ending ''-on'' is also known from later [[Quenya]]. It is also seen in later names such as [[Caras Galadhon]] (said to be [[Silvan Elvish]]) and perhaps [[Dorthonion]].
  
Gnomish is notable for being one of the very few languages by Tolkien about which he proceeded into assembling a definite [[Gnomish Lexicon|lexicon]] and grammar notes (published in [[Parma Eldalamberon 11|''Parma Eldalamberon'', issue 11]]).
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Gnomish is notable for being one of the very few languages by Tolkien about which he proceeded into assembling a definite [[Gnomish Lexicon|lexicon]] and grammar notes (published in [[Parma Eldalamberon 11]]).
  
 
Since Sindarin is a continuous revision of Gnomish, it kept its Celtic phonology, some common grammar elements (like the ''[[-in]]'' plural ending and Welsh style mutations) and much of the vocabulary (eg. ''[[lam]]'' "language", ''[[mab]]'' "hand", ''[[gloss]]'' "white").  
 
Since Sindarin is a continuous revision of Gnomish, it kept its Celtic phonology, some common grammar elements (like the ''[[-in]]'' plural ending and Welsh style mutations) and much of the vocabulary (eg. ''[[lam]]'' "language", ''[[mab]]'' "hand", ''[[gloss]]'' "white").  
  
 
Several Gnomish words seem like they would derive from [[Sundocarme|roots]] known from the ''[[Etymologies]]'' or that they would belong to a dialect of Sindarin; for example the word ''gweg'' "man" could have been a Sindarin word derived from [[WEG]] (see [[Denweg]]).
 
Several Gnomish words seem like they would derive from [[Sundocarme|roots]] known from the ''[[Etymologies]]'' or that they would belong to a dialect of Sindarin; for example the word ''gweg'' "man" could have been a Sindarin word derived from [[WEG]] (see [[Denweg]]).
 
==See also==
 
 
*[[:Category:Gnomish words|Category: Gnomish words]]
 
 
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
 
*[http://www.phy.duke.edu/~trenk/elvish/goldogrin/grammar.html Goldogrin grammar] by [[Thorsten Renk]]
 
*[http://www.phy.duke.edu/~trenk/elvish/goldogrin/grammar.html Goldogrin grammar] by [[Thorsten Renk]]

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