|Location||Near the northern Misty Mountains and west of the Grey Mountains|
Orc of the Mountains
|Description||A large mountain, where Durin the Deathless awoke, later capital of the Orcs of the region|
|Etymology||Gund, meaning "excavated tunnel"|
|Events||Awakening of Durin|
First Sacking of Gundabad
Second Sacking of Gundabad
From the northern part of the Vales of Anduin, Mount Gundabad appeared to be the northern endpoint of the Misty Mountains and the western endpoint of the Grey Mountains, although slightly separated from both ranges. In actuality, the Misty Mountains continued past Mount Gundabad in a northwesterly direction (this extension was known as the Mountains of Angmar). In all maps the mountain was shown as having three conjoined peaks. Bordering Forodwaith to the north, the mountain undoubtedly had a cold climate.
According to the Dwarves, Durin the Deathless, eldest of the Fathers of the Dwarves, awoke at Mount Gundabad shortly after the Awakening of the Elves. From that time forward the mountain was revered by the Dwarves. However, since Durin awoke alone he did not stay at the mountain; he walked southward until he discovered Khazad-dûm. In the early ages Mount Gundabad did serve as a place of assembly for delegations of Dwarves, yet there is no mention of any making permanent residence there.
In S.A. 1695 Sauron invaded Eriador. In 1697 he conquered Eregion and would have overwhelmed Elrond, leading refugees northward, but he was attacked in the rear by forces sent from Khazad-dûm. Sauron drove the Dwarves back but could not breach the Doors of Durin. Frustrated, he commanded the Orcs to harry the Dwarves wherever they could be found. Soon thereafter came the First Sacking of Gundabad, followed by a long occupation by Orcs.
Around the year T.A. 1300 the realm of Angmar arose. Its lands lay on both sides of the Misty Mountains so Mount Gundabad was part of its domains. Although Angmar was destroyed in 1975 and the last remnants of its people east of the mountains were driven away in 1977, Gundabad itself remained populated with Orcs.
After the death of King Thrór in 2790 the Dwarves gathered for vengeance. The War of the Dwarves and Orcs began in 2793 and the Second Sacking of Gundabad occurred. Although it is likely that the Dwarves cleared the mountain of all Orcs, afterwards the Orcs returned and Mount Gundabad again served as their capital in the North.
In 2941 Thorin Oakenshield, Gandalf, several Dwarves, and Bilbo Baggins entered the Misty Mountains. While in the mountains the Great Goblin was killed and the party escaped. Furious, the Orcs gathered at Mount Gundabad under the command of Bolg to seek revenge. Hearing of the death of Smaug they marched on the Lonely Mountain. However, the Orcs lost the Battle of Five Armies and three parts of their numbers. Orcs still lived at Mount Gundabad by the end of the Third Age but in a very reduced state.
 Portrayal in adaptations
- Gundabad is a large fortress of the Misty Mountains, housing a large number of Orcs and bats. Legolas and Tauriel travel there and discover of the second orc army heading for Erebor.
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "Map of Wilderland"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The West of Middle-earth at the End of the Third Age" [map]
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 3.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "Of Dwarves and Men", "Relations of the Longbeard Dwarves and Men",p. 301
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, "A Journey in the Dark"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Second Age"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn", "Concerning Galadriel and Celeborn"
- ↑ 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Third Age"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "Eriador, Arnor, and the Heirs of Isildur"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The House of Eorl"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "Durin's Folk"
- ↑ 11.0 11.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "The Clouds Burst"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "The Return Journey"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, p. 301
- ↑ Helge Fauskanger, "Khuzdul", Ardalambion (accessed 22 September 2017)