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'''I-affection''' or '''[[Wikipedia:Germanic umlaut|Umlaut]]''' is a phonological phenomenon which is an integral part of the [[Sindarin]] language.
 
'''I-affection''' or '''[[Wikipedia:Germanic umlaut|Umlaut]]''' is a phonological phenomenon which is an integral part of the [[Sindarin]] language.
  
The phenomenon refers to the vowels of a word to be 'slid' higher and fronter to another sound, usually ''e'', drawn because of a following ''i'' (usually near the end of the word)  in a sort of [[Wikipedia:vowel harmony|vowel harmony]]. This started to occur after the stage called "[[Old Sindarin]]".
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The phenomenon refers to the vowels of a word to be 'slid' higher and fronter to another vowel, usually ''e'', drawn because of a following ''i'' (usually near the end of the word)  in a sort of [[Wikipedia:vowel harmony|vowel harmony]]. This started to occur after the stage called "[[Old Sindarin]]".
  
 
Umlaut has a grammatical significance in Sindarin since it is how plural of nouns is formed.
 
Umlaut has a grammatical significance in Sindarin since it is how plural of nouns is formed.
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*''[[said]]'' "private" + ''-ia'' > ''[[seidia-|s''ei''d'''i'''a-]] "to set aside"<ref>{{VT|42}} p.20</ref>
 
*''[[said]]'' "private" + ''-ia'' > ''[[seidia-|s''ei''d'''i'''a-]] "to set aside"<ref>{{VT|42}} p.20</ref>
  
The same effect is seen with other endings such as ''[[-ien]]'' or ''[[-ian]](d)'' as seen in
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The same effect is seen with other endings such as ''[[-ien]]'' or ''[[-ian]]'' as seen in
*''[[Balar]]'' an island + ''[[-iand]]'' > ''[[Beleriand|B''e''l''e''r'''i'''and]]'' "Land of Balar"
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*''[[Balar]]'' an island + ''-iand'' > ''[[Beleriand|B''e''l''e''r'''i'''and]]'' "Land of Balar"
 
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*''[[loth]]'' "flower" + ''-ien'' > ''[[Lúthien|L''u''th'''i'''en]]'' "Daughter of the flowers"<ref>{{PE|17}}</ref>
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*''[[or]]'' "over" + ''[[i]]'' "the" > ''[[erin|''e''r'''i'''n]]'' "on the"
 
Another ending which causes umlaut is ''[[-il]]''
 
Another ending which causes umlaut is ''[[-il]]''
 
*[[AM1]] + ''-il'' > ''[[emil|''e''m'''i'''l]]'' "mother"<ref>{{VT|45a}} p.5</ref>
 
*[[AM1]] + ''-il'' > ''[[emil|''e''m'''i'''l]]'' "mother"<ref>{{VT|45a}} p.5</ref>
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It also can be triggered by compounded words
 
It also can be triggered by compounded words
 
*[[mad-]] + [[glî]] > ''[[medli|m''e''dl'''i''']]'' "[[bear]]" (honey-eater)
 
*[[mad-]] + [[glî]] > ''[[medli|m''e''dl'''i''']]'' "[[bear]]" (honey-eater)
*[[ath-]] + ring > ''[[ethring|''E''thr'''i'''ng]]''
 
*''[[or]]'' "over" + ''[[i]]'' "the" > ''[[erin|''e''r'''i'''n]]'' "on the"
 
  
 
==Plural==
 
==Plural==

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