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Ilu

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This concept evolved in a different cosmology in ''[[The Later Quenta Silmarillion]]'', where new concepts are introduced: The habitable world is named ''[[Arda]]'', more or less equivalent to both [[Ambar]] and Ilu; the whole existence, or created universe, is named ''[[Eä]]'', which, unlike the former Ilu, is vast and might include other worlds other than Arda.<ref>{{S|Ainu}}</ref>  
 
This concept evolved in a different cosmology in ''[[The Later Quenta Silmarillion]]'', where new concepts are introduced: The habitable world is named ''[[Arda]]'', more or less equivalent to both [[Ambar]] and Ilu; the whole existence, or created universe, is named ''[[Eä]]'', which, unlike the former Ilu, is vast and might include other worlds other than Arda.<ref>{{S|Ainu}}</ref>  
 
==Etymology==
 
==Etymology==
The word ''Ilu'' is [[Qenya]] and means "universe", and is an alternative form of ''[[ilúvë]]''. They come from the [[root]] [[IL]] meaning "all".<ref>{{LR|Etymologies}}</ref>
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The word ''Ilu'' is [[Quenya]] and means "universe", and is an alternative form of ''[[ilúvë]]''. They come from the [[root]] [[IL]] meaning "all".<ref>{{LR|Etymologies}}</ref>
  
Ilu doesn't appear in the published [[Silmarillion]], but the alternate form  ''[[ilúvë]]'' survives, as in the name ''[[Ilúvatar]]''.<ref>{{S|Appendix}}, ''ilúvë''</ref>  
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Ilu does not appear in the published [[Silmarillion]], but the alternate form  ''[[ilúvë]]'' survives, as in the name ''[[Ilúvatar]]''.<ref>{{S|Appendix}}, ''ilúvë''</ref>
 +
==Inspiration==
 +
[[Christopher Gilson]] has noted that the name ''Ilu'' is presumably inspired by the [[Wikipedia:Akkadian|Akkadian]] word ''ilu'' "God".<ref>[[Christopher Gilson]], "His Breath Was Taken Away: Tolkien, Barfield, and Elvish Diction", in {{TS|14}}, p. 41</ref>
 
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[[Category:Cosmology]]
 
[[Category:Cosmology]]
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[[Category:Quenya words]]

Latest revision as of 23:35, 3 December 2017

"...there is much else that may be told." — Glóin
This article or section is a stub. Please help Tolkien Gateway by expanding it.

Ilu is a Quenya word that means "all, everything, the world". As a cosmological term it includes everything that exists, the created being () but also God and the spirits who created it, and all souls.[1]

Contents

[edit] Other versions of the Legendarium

"Ilu Ilúvatar en káre eldain a fírimoin.
(Qenya: The Father made the World for Elves and Mortals)
"
Firiel's Song[2]

In the early concept of the Legendarium, Ilu was the name of "the World", signifying both the inhabited world and also the whole universe.

Ilu is everything that exists, and comprises of the habitable world proper (Ambar), with its layers of air and skies, the Sun, the Moon and the stars. All these are enveloped in the outer layer of air, Vaiya.

The boundaries of Ilu are the Ilurambar, the "shell" that encloses Ilu, separating Vaiya from kúma and non-existence.[3]

This concept evolved in a different cosmology in The Later Quenta Silmarillion, where new concepts are introduced: The habitable world is named Arda, more or less equivalent to both Ambar and Ilu; the whole existence, or created universe, is named , which, unlike the former Ilu, is vast and might include other worlds other than Arda.[4]

[edit] Etymology

The word Ilu is Quenya and means "universe", and is an alternative form of ilúvë. They come from the root IL meaning "all".[5]

Ilu does not appear in the published Silmarillion, but the alternate form ilúvë survives, as in the name Ilúvatar.[6]

[edit] Inspiration

Christopher Gilson has noted that the name Ilu is presumably inspired by the Akkadian word ilu "God".[7]

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, "From Quendi and Eldar, Appendix D" (edited by Carl F. Hostetter), in Vinyar Tengwar, Number 39, July 1998, p.20
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, "Part One: III. The Lost Road, (ii) The Númenórean chapters"
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Shaping of Middle-earth, "V. The Ambarkanta"
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Ainulindalë: The Music of the Ainur"
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, "Part Three: The Etymologies"
  6. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Appendix: Elements in Quenya and Sindarin Names", ilúvë
  7. Christopher Gilson, "His Breath Was Taken Away: Tolkien, Barfield, and Elvish Diction", in Tolkien Studies, Vol. XIV (eds. David Bratman, Michael D.C. Drout, Verlyn Flieger), p. 41
Middle-earth Cosmology
 Constellations  Anarríma · Durin's Crown · Menelmacar · Remmirath · Soronúmë · Telumendil · Valacirca · Wilwarin
Stars  Alcarinquë · Borgil · Carnil · Elemmírë · Helluin · Luinil · Lumbar · Morwinyon · Nénar · Star of Eärendil · Til 
The Airs  Aiwenórë · Fanyamar · Ilmen · Menel · Vaiya · Veil of Arda · Vista
Narsilion  Arien · Moon (Isil, Ithil, Rána) · Sun (Anar, Anor, Vása) · Tilion
See Also  Abyss · Arda · Circles of the World · · Timeless Halls · Two Lamps · Two Trees · Void