Margaret Carroux (died 1991) was a german translator. She translated many french and english literary works into german, sometimes under the pseudonyms Emmi Heimann or Martin Boor. Her most famous translation is that of The Lord of the Rings (published as Der Herr der Ringe, 1969/1970), which she translated with the poetess Ebba-Margareta von Freymann.
Margaret Carroux tried to capture the literary style of Tolkien's original work, to create the same atmosphere in the german version. During her translation work, she used the Guide to the Names in The Lord of the Rings. In the original books, all characters differ from each other through different levels of language, from the formal archaic speech to the everyday speech. Some critics of Carroux accused her of standardising this linguistic features too much, for a nearly constant old writing-style. But many fans like her old-fashioned rendering, because it follows the original text's flow and style very closely.
Works by J.R.R. Tolkien translated by Carroux
- The Lord of the Rings (as Der Herr der Ringe 1969-1970)
- Leaf by Niggle (as Blatt von Tüftler in the book Fabelhafte Geschichten 1964)
- Ardapedia (German)