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Middle English is the name given by historical linguists to the diverse forms of the English language in use between the late 11th century and about 1470.
Among J.R.R. Tolkien's writings related to Middle English, we find Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, A Middle English Vocabulary, Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, Pearl and Sir Orfeo, the essays Ancrene Wisse and Hali Meiðhad and Middle English 'Losenger', and the poem "The Clerkes Compleinte".