Tolkien Gateway

Moon

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According to the legends of the [[Elves]], Tilion was an unsteady steersman, sometimes dwelling overlong beneath the Earth, or appearing in the sky at the same time as the Sun. He was drawn to the bright new Sun, launched from Valinor shortly after his own vessel,<ref name="Sil"/> and his coming too close to his fiery companion was said to account for the darkening of the Moon's face.
 
According to the legends of the [[Elves]], Tilion was an unsteady steersman, sometimes dwelling overlong beneath the Earth, or appearing in the sky at the same time as the Sun. He was drawn to the bright new Sun, launched from Valinor shortly after his own vessel,<ref name="Sil"/> and his coming too close to his fiery companion was said to account for the darkening of the Moon's face.
  
According to a tradition,<ref>{{HM|SM}}</ref><ref>{{HM|LR}}</ref>, Melkor will discover how to break the [[Door of Night]], and will destroy both the Sun and the Moon.
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According to a tradition,<ref>{{HM|SM}}</ref><ref>{{HM|LR}}</ref> Melkor will discover how to break the [[Door of Night]], and will destroy both the Sun and the Moon.
  
 
==Lore of the Moon==
 
==Lore of the Moon==
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When the [[Hobbits]] were still a [[Wandering Days|wandering]] people, their calendaric unit was not a 'week' , but a 'month', governed more or less by the Moon. However, through contact with alien peoples (perhaps the [[Dúnedain of Arnor]]) they adopted the notion of weeks which formed the [[Shire Reckoning]].<ref>{{HM|AD}}</ref>
 
When the [[Hobbits]] were still a [[Wandering Days|wandering]] people, their calendaric unit was not a 'week' , but a 'month', governed more or less by the Moon. However, through contact with alien peoples (perhaps the [[Dúnedain of Arnor]]) they adopted the notion of weeks which formed the [[Shire Reckoning]].<ref>{{HM|AD}}</ref>
  
In Hobbit folklore, the moon was imagined to be inhabited by the [[Man in the Moon]]<ref name="Man"/>. Possibly this tradition was derived by the Dúnedain.
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In Hobbit folklore, the moon was imagined to be inhabited by the [[Man in the Moon]].<ref name="Man"/>
  
 
===Dwarves===
 
===Dwarves===
It is not known if the Moon had any significance in the [[Dwarves|Dwarven]] folklore and tradition. It is known however that the Dwarves had earlier based their calendar on the Moon. The Dwarven year begun with the first day of the last moon of Autumn on the threshold of Winter<ref>{{HM|H}}, [[A Short Rest]]</ref>. However it seems that by the late [[Third Age]] the Dwarves adopted the [[Stewards' Reckoning]]<ref>{{HM|AD}}</ref>, and few had the skill to calculate the [[Durin's Day]].
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The [[Dwarves]] based their calendar on the Moon. The Dwarven year began with the first day of the last moon of Autumn on the threshold of Winter.<ref>{{H|Rest}}</ref> However it seems that by the late [[Third Age]] the Dwarves adopted the [[Stewards' Reckoning]],<ref>{{App|D}}</ref> and few had the skill to calculate the [[Durin's Day]].
  
 
==Other names==
 
==Other names==
 
*'''''Isil''''': a ([[Quenya|Q]], pron. {{IPA|[ˈisil]}}) or '''Iþil''' ([[Vanyarin|VQ]], pron. {{IPA|[ˈiθil]}}) was a name given to the Moon in [[Quenya]] by the [[Vanyar]].  It is said to mean "the Sheen".{{fact}}
 
*'''''Isil''''': a ([[Quenya|Q]], pron. {{IPA|[ˈisil]}}) or '''Iþil''' ([[Vanyarin|VQ]], pron. {{IPA|[ˈiθil]}}) was a name given to the Moon in [[Quenya]] by the [[Vanyar]].  It is said to mean "the Sheen".{{fact}}
*'''''Rána''''': although the name given to the Moon in [[Valinor]] was Isil, the [[Noldor]] preferred a name of their own, ''Rána'', the Wayward.<ref>{{S|Sun}}</ref> ''Rána'' (or ''Rana''<ref>{{MR|Myths}}, pp. 376-7</ref>), meaning "The Wanderer"<ref>{{S|Index}}</ref> or "the wayward"<ref>{{MR|P2p}}, p. 130</ref>, is a [[Quenya]] word derived from the [[Common Eldarin]] [[Sundocarme|root]] [[RAN]] ("wander, stray, meander").<ref name=VT>{{VT|42a}}, p. 13</ref> In the ''[[The Etymologies|Etymologies]]'' appears the [[Qenya]] form ''Rana'', and [[Noldorin]] ''Rhân''. Both are descendant forms of [[Primitive Quendian]] ''Ranā'' ("Moon").<ref>{{LR|Etymologies}}, p. 383 (entry RAN-)</ref>
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*'''''Rána''''': although the name given to the Moon in [[Valinor]] was Isil, the [[Noldor]] preferred a name of their own, ''Rána'', the Wayward.<ref>{{S|Sun}}</ref> ''Rána'' (or ''Rana''<ref>{{MR|Myths}}, pp. 376-7</ref>), meaning "The Wanderer"<ref>{{S|Index}}</ref> or "the wayward",<ref>{{MR|P2p}}, p. 130</ref> is a [[Quenya]] word derived from the [[Common Eldarin]] [[Sundocarme|root]] [[RAN]] ("wander, stray, meander").<ref name=VT>{{VT|42a}}, p. 13</ref> In the ''[[The Etymologies|Etymologies]]'' appears the [[Qenya]] form ''Rana'', and [[Noldorin]] ''Rhân''. Both are descendant forms of [[Primitive Quendian]] ''Ranā'' ("Moon").<ref>{{LR|Etymologies}}, p. 383 (entry RAN-)</ref>
 
*'''''Ithil''''': a [[Sindarin]] word meaning "the moon" or "(full) moon".<ref>{{HM|RC}}, p. 232 (citing from the [[Unfinished index]]; form: ''ithil'')</ref><ref>{{PE|17}}, pp. 30, 39, 121 (form: ''Ithil''</ref> The word can be found in ''[[Minas Ithil]]'', ''[[Ithilien#Etymology|Ithilien]]'', and ''[[Ithildin#Etymology|ithildin]]''. In the ''[[The Etymologies|Etymologies]]'', [[Noldorin]] ''Ithil'' ("(poetic name of the) Moon") derives from the [[Sundocarme|roots]] THIL/SIL.<ref>{{LR|Etymologies}}, pp. 361, 385, 392 (entries I-, SIL- and THIL-)</ref>
 
*'''''Ithil''''': a [[Sindarin]] word meaning "the moon" or "(full) moon".<ref>{{HM|RC}}, p. 232 (citing from the [[Unfinished index]]; form: ''ithil'')</ref><ref>{{PE|17}}, pp. 30, 39, 121 (form: ''Ithil''</ref> The word can be found in ''[[Minas Ithil]]'', ''[[Ithilien#Etymology|Ithilien]]'', and ''[[Ithildin#Etymology|ithildin]]''. In the ''[[The Etymologies|Etymologies]]'', [[Noldorin]] ''Ithil'' ("(poetic name of the) Moon") derives from the [[Sundocarme|roots]] THIL/SIL.<ref>{{LR|Etymologies}}, pp. 361, 385, 392 (entries I-, SIL- and THIL-)</ref>
 
*'''''Elfaron''''': Meaning "Star-hunter" being a coumpound of [[EL]] and PHAR.<ref>{{LR|Etymologies}} (entry PHAR)</ref>
 
*'''''Elfaron''''': Meaning "Star-hunter" being a coumpound of [[EL]] and PHAR.<ref>{{LR|Etymologies}} (entry PHAR)</ref>
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===Phases===
 
===Phases===
Tolkien was very careful in the moon phases described in his works, so that they fit the passing of days realistically. Tolkien was remodelling the phases while reviewing the book in [[1944]] so that he preserves the consistency. The moon phases described in the ''[[Lord of the Rings]]'' correspond to the phases of years [[1941]]-[[1942|2]] and it is probable that he used a recent calendar for reference<ref>http://shire-reckoning.com/moon.html</ref>. Unfortunately, some minor errors (that can be detected only after thorough measurement and astronomical knowledge) slipped his attention (for example cf. [[22 September|September 22]])
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Tolkien was very careful in the moon phases described in his works, so that they fit the passing of days realistically. Tolkien was remodelling the phases while reviewing the book in [[1944]] so that he preserves the consistency. The moon phases described in the ''[[Lord of the Rings]]'' correspond to the phases of years [[1941]]-[[1942|2]] and it is probable that he used a recent calendar for reference.<ref>http://shire-reckoning.com/moon.html</ref> Unfortunately, some minor errors (that can be detected only after thorough measurement and astronomical knowledge) slipped his attention (for example cf. [[22 September|September 22]])
  
 
===Calendar===
 
===Calendar===

Revision as of 11:16, 15 April 2018

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