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Orfalch Echor

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The '''Orfalch Echor''' was the ravine of the [[Dry River]] in the [[Encircling Mountains]], the route by which the hidden city of [[Gondolin]] was approached.  At its lower end was the First Gate, the [[Gate of Wood]]. The Orfalch continued through the remainder of the [[Seven Gates of Gondolin]], reaching the Seventh Gate, the [[Gate of Steel]].  At the upper end was a high sward that offered a view of [[Tumladen]] and the city in its center.<ref>{{UT|Tuor}}</ref>
 
The '''Orfalch Echor''' was the ravine of the [[Dry River]] in the [[Encircling Mountains]], the route by which the hidden city of [[Gondolin]] was approached.  At its lower end was the First Gate, the [[Gate of Wood]]. The Orfalch continued through the remainder of the [[Seven Gates of Gondolin]], reaching the Seventh Gate, the [[Gate of Steel]].  At the upper end was a high sward that offered a view of [[Tumladen]] and the city in its center.<ref>{{UT|Tuor}}</ref>
 
==Etymology==
 
To decipher ''Orfalch Echor'', it can be compared to the similar but early ([[Gnomish]]) name ''Glorfalc'' "Golden Cleft" (in later writings called [[Cirith Ninniach]])<ref>{{LT2|Appendix}}, p. 341</ref>. The element ''falc'' in that name meant "cleft", and it seems probable that later [[Sindarin]] ''falch'' has a similar meaning.
 
 
The initial element of ''Orfalch'' is probably derived from the root ''[[ORO]]'' "up, rise"<ref>{{LR|Etymologies}}, '''ORO'''</ref>, while the word ''[[echor]]'' "outer circle" is also attested in the name ''[[Rammas Echor]]'' "Great Wall of the Outer Circle"<ref>{{HM|RC}}, p. 512</ref>.
 
 
Thus, the meaning of ''Orfalch Echor'' might be something like "Upper Cleft of the Outer Circle".
 
  
 
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Latest revision as of 19:14, 1 February 2014

The Orfalch Echor was the ravine of the Dry River in the Encircling Mountains, the route by which the hidden city of Gondolin was approached. At its lower end was the First Gate, the Gate of Wood. The Orfalch continued through the remainder of the Seven Gates of Gondolin, reaching the Seventh Gate, the Gate of Steel. At the upper end was a high sward that offered a view of Tumladen and the city in its center.[1]

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "Of Tuor and his Coming to Gondolin"