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Sangahyando was a great-grandson of Castamir, who had usurped the throne of Gondor. After the rightful King, Eldacar, had regained his realm, Castamir's sons fled to the Haven of Umbar, where they formed a refuge and base for the enemies of Gondor. Sangahyando was one of their descendants, and with another, Angamaitë, he led a raid on Pelargir nearly two hundred years after their grandfathers had been driven from that city into exile. Their raid was a stunning success, and they succeeded in slaying Gondor's King at that time, Minardil.[1]



Sons of Castamir


The Quenya name Sangahyando literally means "Throng-cleaver" (said to be interpretable as "hewer of hostile ranks"). The first element in the name is sanga ("throng").[2]

In the first edition of The Lord of the Rings, the name was misprinted as Sangahyanda.[2]

Other versions of the legendarium

In the Etymologies, Qenya sangahyando ("throng-cleaver") is said to be the name of a sword.[3][4]


  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "The Heirs of Elendil", Minardil, p. 199
  2. 2.0 2.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, "Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings", in Parma Eldalamberon XVII (edited by Christopher Gilson), p. 116
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, "Part Three: The Etymologies", pp. 388-9 (entries for STAG- and SYAD-)
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Addenda and Corrigenda to the Etymologies — Part Two" (edited by Carl F. Hostetter and Patrick H. Wynne), in Vinyar Tengwar, Number 46, July 2004, p. 16