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Silvan Elves

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{{race
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{{people infobox
|image=[[Image:Rob Alexander - Elven Cloak.jpg|250px]]
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| name=Silvan Elves
|name=Silvan Elves
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| image=[[File:Rob Alexander - Elven Cloak.jpg|250px]]
|dominions=[[Edhellond]], [[Lothlórien]], [[Mirkwood]].
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| caption="Elven Cloak" by Rob Alexander
|languages=[[Silvan Elvish]], [[Sindarin]]
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| pronun=
|height=
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| othernames=Wood-elves, Tawarwaith
|length=
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| origin=[[Nandor]] who remained in the woodlands of the [[Vales of Anduin]]
|skincolor=
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| location=[[Lothlórien]], [[Greenwood the Great]], [[Ithilien]], [[Edhellond]], [[Belfalas]]
|haircolor=
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| affiliation=[[Last Alliance of Elves and Men]]
|feathers=
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| rivalry=[[Dwarves]]
|distinctions=Secretive, lovers of the forests and animals
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| language=[[Silvan Elvish]], [[Sindarin]], [[Westron]]
|lifespan=Immortal
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| members=[[Nimrodel]], [[Mithrellas]], [[Galion]], [[Haldir]], [[Rúmil (Elf of Lórien)|Rúmil]], [[Orophin]]
|members=
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| lifespan=Immortal
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| distinctions=Secretive, lovers of the forests and animals, less wise and more dangerous than other [[Eldar]]
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| height=
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| hair=
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| skin=
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| clothing=
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| weapons=
 
}}
 
}}
'''Silvan Elves''' ([[Sindarin|S]] '''''Tawarwaith'''''), or '''Wood-elves''', was a name used to refer to the reclusive, forest-dwelling [[Elves]] of [[Middle-earth]]. In the late [[Third Age]], the Silvan Elves mostly belonged either to the [[Galadhrim]] or to the [[Elves of Mirkwood]].<ref name="SE-UTa"/>
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The '''Silvan Elves''' ([[Sindarin|S.]] '''''Tawarwaith'''''), or the '''Wood-elves''', were the reclusive, forest-dwelling [[Elves]] of [[Middle-earth]]. In the late [[Third Age]], the Silvan Elves mostly belonged either to the [[Galadhrim]] or to the [[Elves of Mirkwood]].<ref name="SE-UTa"/>
  
==History==
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==Background==
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{{main|Nandor}}
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The Silvan Elves were descendants of the [[Nandor]] - and thus in origin part of the [[Teleri]] - who had lingered in the [[Vales of Anduin]] during the [[Great Journey]] of the [[Eldar]] in the [[Elder Days]]. The Silvan Elves hid themselves in their woodland realms beyond the [[Misty Mountains]] and became a scattered folk hardly distinguishable from [[Avari]], the Dark Elves.<ref name="SE-UTa">{{UT|6a}}</ref> While some of the Nandor continued to [[Eriador]] and later entered [[Beleriand]], they remained in the Vales of Anduin, and from these latter originated the Silvan Elves.<ref name="SE-UTa"/>
  
The Silvan Elves were descendants of the [[Nandor]] (and thus in origin [[Teleri]]), who had lingered in the [[Vales of Anduin|Anduin Vales]] during the [[Great Journey]] of the [[Eldar]] in the [[Elder Days]]. The Silvan Elves hid themselves in their woodland realms beyond the [[Misty Mountains]] and became a scattered folk hardly distinguishable from [[Avari]].<ref name="SE-UTa">{{UT|6a}}</ref> While some of the Nandor continued to [[Eriador]] and later entered [[Ossiriand]], some remained in the Vales of Anduin, and from these latter originated the Wood-elves.<ref name="SE-UTa"/>
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It is also told that the some of the western [[Avari]], dwelling in Eriador and the Vales of Anduin, were friendly to the [[Eldar]], and came to merge with the Wood-elves. These were [[Nelyar|Nelyarin]] Avari ([[Penni]]), and therefore remotely akin to the Nandor and Sindar.<ref group=note>It is not known if this merge occurred during the [[Elder Days]], or during the [[Second Age|Second]] or [[Third Age|Third Ages]].</ref><ref>{{WJ|C}}, pp. 381, 410</ref>
  
In the early [[Second Age]], after the [[War of Wrath]], [[Oropher]] of [[Doriath]] (the father of [[Thranduil]], grandfather of [[Legolas]]) along with few of the [[Sindar]] came to forest realm east of [[Misty Mountains]]. He became the King of the Silvan Elves and established the Wooldland Realm of [[Mirkwood|Greenwood the Great]] ([[Sindarin|S]] '''Eryn Galen'''). The culture of Silvan folk were rude and rustic compared to the [[Beleriand|Beleriandic]] culture of the Sindar.<ref name="SE-UTb">{{UT|6b}}</ref> But soon the Sindar merged with the Silvan Elves and adopted their language, took names of Silvan form and style. This language was a dialect of Sindarin known as [[Silvan Elvish]].<ref name="SE-UTb"/> On the eastern side of the Misty Mountains, [[Amdír]] (father of [[Amroth]]), another Sinda leader came to the land known as [[Laurelindórenan]] (or Lórinand) and ruled over the Silvan elves as their King.
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In the early [[Second Age]], many [[Teleri]], survivors of [[Doriath]] and [[Ossiriand]], left [[Lindon]] to establish woodland realms among the Silvan Elves.<ref name=rings>{{S|Rings}}</ref> It was before the building of the [[Dark Tower]] in c. {{SA|1000}} that the [[Sindar]] made this migration.<ref name=SA>{{App|SA}}</ref>  
  
It also told that the some of the western [[Avari]], dwelling in Eriador and the Anduin Vales, were friendly to the [[Eldar]], and came to merge with the Wood-elves. These were [[Nelyar|Nelyarin]] Avari ([[Penni]]), from the third Clan (and therefore remotely akin to the Nandor and Sindar).<ref>{{WJ|C}}, pp. 381, 410</ref><ref group=note>It is not known if this merge occurred during the Elder Days, or during the Second or Third Ages.</ref>
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==In Greenwood the Great==
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{{main|Elves of Mirkwood}}
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In the early [[Second Age]], [[Oropher]] of [[Doriath]] (father of [[Thranduil]] and grandfather of [[Legolas]]) along with few other [[Sindar]] came to [[Greenwood the Great]], east of the [[Misty Mountains]]. There, he became the King of the Silvan Elves east of Anduin and established the [[Woodland Realm]] in {{SA|750}}.<ref>{{PM|Second}}, p. 174</ref> The culture of the Silvan folk was rude and rustic in comparison to the [[Beleriand|Beleriandic]] culture of the Sindar but soon enough, the Sindar had merged with the Silvan Elves and adopted their language, taking names of Silvan form and style.<ref name="Sindarin Princes">{{UT|6b}}</ref>
  
In the early [[Third Age]] remnants of the Noldorin realms such as [[Lindon]] and [[Eregion]] sought new dwellings in more eastern lands and the Silvan Elves of [[Lothlórien|Lórien]] experienced an influx of [[Noldor]] (and Sindar) who had survived the [[War of the Last Alliance]] and the [[Sack of Eregion|fall of Eregion]].<ref name="SE-UTa"/>
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Although the Silvan Elves initially dwelt in the south of the Wood,<ref name="Sindarin Princes"/> centred around [[Amon Lanc]],<ref name="Note 14"/> they constantly retreated northwards (thrice in the [[Second Age]])<ref name="Note 14">{{UT|Gladden}}, note 14</ref> and after the [[Shadow]] had fallen upon [[Mirkwood]] by the mid-[[Third Age]], the Silvan Elves dwelt in the far north-east of the forest. Their king, [[Thranduil]] (the son of [[Oropher]], who was slain in the [[War of the Last Alliance]]), built an [[Elvenking's Halls|underground fortress]] for himself and his people inspired by [[Thingol]]'s [[Menegroth]] in the far [[Elder Days]].<ref name="Sindarin Princes"/>
  
==Etymology==
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==In Lothlórien==
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{{main|Galadhrim}}
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Little is known of their early history save that in the [[Second Age]], they were ruled by a [[Sindar|Sindarin]] prince named [[Amdír]]. After the destruction of [[Eregion]] in {{SA|1697}}, many of its exiles, both [[Noldor]] and [[Sindar]], escaped through [[Khazad-dûm]] into the east, and had joined the Silvan Elves of Lórien and mingled with them.<ref name="Galadriel">{{UT|Concerning}}</ref>
  
The English adjective ''[[Wiktionary:silvan|silvan]]'' means "of, characteristic of, or consisting of woods or forests" or "living or located in woods or forests".<ref>"[http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/silvan silvan]" at [http://dictionary.reference.com Dictionary.reference.com] (Collins English Dictionary; accessed 17 July 2011)</ref>
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[[Amdír]] was lost in the [[War of the Last Alliance]] so his son, [[Amroth]], succeeded to his kingship. During his reign, [[Durin's Bane]] was unleashed in [[Khazad-dûm]] and many of Lórien's people fled south to [[Edhellond]]. [[Amroth]] himself was among them, and he was drowned in the [[Bay of Belfalas]]. It was at this time that [[Galadriel]] and [[Celeborn]] became the [[Lord and Lady of Lórien]].<ref name=ta>{{App|TA}}</ref>
  
==Names==
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==Later history==
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Although both Silvan realms were invaded in the [[War of the Ring]], the fall of [[Sauron]] ushered in a long peace whence the Silvan Elves in the now-cleansed [[Eryn Lasgalen]] long remained untroubled. Now the Silvan Elves once again dwelt in the south of the Wood, but these were [[Elves of Lórien]] who crossed the [[Anduin]] to live in a new realm named [[East Lórien]]. Though the original land of [[Lothlórien]] faded after the passing of [[Galadriel]] and [[Celeborn]], the Silvan Elves of the Wood lived peacefully under their trees for many long years.<ref group=note>It is not clear if most [[Galadhrim]] either followed [[Galadriel]] and later [[Celeborn]] or just migrated to [[East Lórien]]; however, it is said that "[[Celeborn]] took the southern wood below the [[Narrows]], and named it [[East Lórien]]."</ref><ref>{{App|Great}}</ref>
  
An [[Elvish]] name for the Silvan Elves was '''''Tawarwaith'''''. It has been suggested that ''Tawarwaith'' is a [[Sindarin]] name, consisting of ''[[tawar]]'' + ''[[gwaith]]''.<ref>[http://www.tolkiendil.com/langues/english/i-lam_arth/compound_sindarin_names Compound Sindarin Names in Middle-earth] at [http://www.tolkiendil.com Tolkiendil.com] (accessed 17 July 2011)</ref><ref>[[Didier Willis]], [http://www.jrrvf.com/hisweloke/sindar/online/english.html Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary] at [http://www.jrrvf.com/haut.shtml Jrrvf.com] (accessed 17 July 2011)</ref>
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==Etymology==
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The English adjective ''[[Wiktionary:silvan|silvan]]'' means "of, characteristic of, or consisting of woods or forests" or "living or located in woods or forests".<ref>"[http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/silvansilvan]" at [http://dictionary.reference.com Dictionary.reference.com](Collins English Dictionary; accessed 17 July 2011)</ref>
  
{{references|note}}
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==Other names==
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An [[Elvish]] name for the Silvan Elves was '''''Tawarwaith'''''. It has been suggested that ''Tawarwaith'' is a [[Sindarin]] name, consisting of ''tawar'' (wood, forest) + ''[[gwaith]]''(people).<ref>[http://www.tolkiendil.com/langues/english/i-lam_arth/compound_sindarin_namesCompound Sindarin Names in Middle-earth] at [http://www.tolkiendil.comTolkiendil.com] (accessed 17 July 2011)</ref><ref>[[DidierWillis]], [http://www.jrrvf.com/hisweloke/sindar/online/english.htmlHiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary] at [http://www.jrrvf.com/haut.shtml Jrrvf.com](accessed 17 July 2011)</ref>
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==Portrayal in adaptations==
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[[File:The Lord of the Rings - The Fellowship of the Ring - Elves leaving Middle-earth.jpg|thumb|Elves leaving Middle-earth in {{fotree}}]]
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'''2001: ''[[The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring]]'':'''
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:In the scene known as "[[The Passing of the Elves]]", [[Frodo]] and [[Sam]] have a meal when Frodo hears Elves in the distance, which, according to Frodo are "Wood-elves", who travel to the [[Grey Havens]] and leave Middle-earth.
  
[[Category:Silvan Elves]]
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{{elves}}
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{{references|note}}
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[[Category:Elven peoples]]
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[[Category:Silvan Elves| ]]
  
 
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Latest revision as of 15:18, 31 December 2020

Silvan Elves
People
Rob Alexander - Elven Cloak.jpg
"Elven Cloak" by Rob Alexander
General Information
Other namesWood-elves, Tawarwaith
OriginsNandor who remained in the woodlands of the Vales of Anduin
LocationsLothlórien, Greenwood the Great, Ithilien, Edhellond, Belfalas
AffiliationLast Alliance of Elves and Men
RivalriesDwarves
LanguagesSilvan Elvish, Sindarin, Westron
MembersNimrodel, Mithrellas, Galion, Haldir, Rúmil, Orophin
Physical Description
LifespanImmortal
DistinctionsSecretive, lovers of the forests and animals, less wise and more dangerous than other Eldar
GalleryImages of Silvan Elves

The Silvan Elves (S. Tawarwaith), or the Wood-elves, were the reclusive, forest-dwelling Elves of Middle-earth. In the late Third Age, the Silvan Elves mostly belonged either to the Galadhrim or to the Elves of Mirkwood.[1]

Contents

[edit] Background

Main article: Nandor

The Silvan Elves were descendants of the Nandor - and thus in origin part of the Teleri - who had lingered in the Vales of Anduin during the Great Journey of the Eldar in the Elder Days. The Silvan Elves hid themselves in their woodland realms beyond the Misty Mountains and became a scattered folk hardly distinguishable from Avari, the Dark Elves.[1] While some of the Nandor continued to Eriador and later entered Beleriand, they remained in the Vales of Anduin, and from these latter originated the Silvan Elves.[1]

It is also told that the some of the western Avari, dwelling in Eriador and the Vales of Anduin, were friendly to the Eldar, and came to merge with the Wood-elves. These were Nelyarin Avari (Penni), and therefore remotely akin to the Nandor and Sindar.[note 1][2]

In the early Second Age, many Teleri, survivors of Doriath and Ossiriand, left Lindon to establish woodland realms among the Silvan Elves.[3] It was before the building of the Dark Tower in c. S.A. 1000 that the Sindar made this migration.[4]

[edit] In Greenwood the Great

Main article: Elves of Mirkwood

In the early Second Age, Oropher of Doriath (father of Thranduil and grandfather of Legolas) along with few other Sindar came to Greenwood the Great, east of the Misty Mountains. There, he became the King of the Silvan Elves east of Anduin and established the Woodland Realm in S.A. 750.[5] The culture of the Silvan folk was rude and rustic in comparison to the Beleriandic culture of the Sindar but soon enough, the Sindar had merged with the Silvan Elves and adopted their language, taking names of Silvan form and style.[6]

Although the Silvan Elves initially dwelt in the south of the Wood,[6] centred around Amon Lanc,[7] they constantly retreated northwards (thrice in the Second Age)[7] and after the Shadow had fallen upon Mirkwood by the mid-Third Age, the Silvan Elves dwelt in the far north-east of the forest. Their king, Thranduil (the son of Oropher, who was slain in the War of the Last Alliance), built an underground fortress for himself and his people inspired by Thingol's Menegroth in the far Elder Days.[6]

[edit] In Lothlórien

Main article: Galadhrim

Little is known of their early history save that in the Second Age, they were ruled by a Sindarin prince named Amdír. After the destruction of Eregion in S.A. 1697, many of its exiles, both Noldor and Sindar, escaped through Khazad-dûm into the east, and had joined the Silvan Elves of Lórien and mingled with them.[8]

Amdír was lost in the War of the Last Alliance so his son, Amroth, succeeded to his kingship. During his reign, Durin's Bane was unleashed in Khazad-dûm and many of Lórien's people fled south to Edhellond. Amroth himself was among them, and he was drowned in the Bay of Belfalas. It was at this time that Galadriel and Celeborn became the Lord and Lady of Lórien.[9]

[edit] Later history

Although both Silvan realms were invaded in the War of the Ring, the fall of Sauron ushered in a long peace whence the Silvan Elves in the now-cleansed Eryn Lasgalen long remained untroubled. Now the Silvan Elves once again dwelt in the south of the Wood, but these were Elves of Lórien who crossed the Anduin to live in a new realm named East Lórien. Though the original land of Lothlórien faded after the passing of Galadriel and Celeborn, the Silvan Elves of the Wood lived peacefully under their trees for many long years.[note 2][10]

[edit] Etymology

The English adjective silvan means "of, characteristic of, or consisting of woods or forests" or "living or located in woods or forests".[11]

[edit] Other names

An Elvish name for the Silvan Elves was Tawarwaith. It has been suggested that Tawarwaith is a Sindarin name, consisting of tawar (wood, forest) + gwaith(people).[12][13]

[edit] Portrayal in adaptations

2001: The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring:

In the scene known as "The Passing of the Elves", Frodo and Sam have a meal when Frodo hears Elves in the distance, which, according to Frodo are "Wood-elves", who travel to the Grey Havens and leave Middle-earth.
Elves
(Quendi · People of the Stars · Firstborn · Elder Kindred)
Three Kindreds:
(Eldar · Eldalië · Edhil)
 Vanyar (Fair-elves · Minyar) · Noldor (Deep-elves · Tatyar) · Teleri (Lindar · Nelyar)
Calaquendi:
(High-elves · Amanyar)
 Vanyar · Noldor · Falmari
Úmanyar:  Sindar (Grey-elves · Eglath · Falathrim) · Nandor (Green-elves · Silvan Elves)
 Moriquendi:  Úmanyar · Avari (Dark Elves · The Unwilling)
See also:  Awakening of the Elves · Sundering of the Elves · Great Journey

Notes

  1. It is not known if this merge occurred during the Elder Days, or during the Second or Third Ages.
  2. It is not clear if most Galadhrim either followed Galadriel and later Celeborn or just migrated to East Lórien; however, it is said that "Celeborn took the southern wood below the Narrows, and named it East Lórien."

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn", "Appendix A: The Silvan Elves and their Speech"
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "Part Four. Quendi and Eldar: C. The Clan-names, with notes on other names for divisions of the Eldar", pp. 381, 410
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Of the Rings of Power and the Third Age"
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Second Age"
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "VI. The Tale of Years of the Second Age", p. 174
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn", "Appendix B: The Sindarin Princes of the Silvan Elves"
  7. 7.0 7.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The Disaster of the Gladden Fields", note 14
  8. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn", "Concerning Galadriel and Celeborn"
  9. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Third Age"
  10. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Great Years"
  11. "[1]" at Dictionary.reference.com(Collins English Dictionary; accessed 17 July 2011)
  12. Sindarin Names in Middle-earth at [2] (accessed 17 July 2011)
  13. DidierWillis, Sindarin Dictionary at Jrrvf.com(accessed 17 July 2011)