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'''Tarkil''' was a [[Quenya]] word, borrowed by speakers of the [[Common Tongue]] to describe the [[Men of the West]], those noble [[Men]] of [[Númenórean]] descent. The word came ultimately from a root form thought to be ''tára-kil'', meaning literally ''high follower'' (the [[Elves]] referred to Men as ''[[followers]]'' because they were the [[Afterborn]] [[Children of Ilúvatar]]).  
'''''tarkil''''' is a [[Quenya]] word, used in the [[Westron|Common Tongue]] as a name for a [[Men|Man]] of [[Númenóreans|Númenórean]] descent.<ref name=App>{{App|F1}}</ref><ref name=RC>{{HM|RC}}, p. 603</ref><ref name=PE17>{{PE|17}}, p. 101</ref>
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The [[Orcs]] corrupted the word, and used ''[[tark]]'' as an insulting term for a [[Gondorians|Gondorian]].<ref name=App/><ref name=RC/>
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The [[Orcs]] twisted the word to their own ends, and as ''[[Tarks|Tark]]'' they used it as an insulting term for the Gondorians. 'Tarkil' also probably lies behind the meaning of the name of [[Tarcil]], the sixth [[King of Arnor]], one of [[Aragorn II|Aragorn]]'s ancestors and an [[Heir of Isildur]] in his own right. In [[The Lord of the Rings]], the word is seen only in a note in [[Appendix F]], though at one time it was destined for more prominence: in the early drafts of the work, Aragorn himself is known as 'the Tarkil', but this is changed to 'the Dúnadan' in the published text.
  
It has been suggested that ''tarkil'' also probably lies behind the meaning of the name of [[Tarcil]], the sixth [[King of Arnor]].<ref name=Arda>[http://www.encyclopedia-of-arda.com/t/tarkil.html Tarkil] at [http://www.encyclopedia-of-arda.com/ The Encyclopedia of Arda] (accessed 14 May 2011)</ref>
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[[Category:Quenya words]]
 
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==Etymology==
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In the [[The Etymologies|''Etymologies'']], ''tark'' derives from [[Primitive Quendian]] ''tāra-khil'' ([[Sundocarme|roots]] [[TUR]] and [[KHIL]]).<ref>{{LR|Etymologies}}, pp. 364, 395</ref><ref group="note">''tarkil'' as related to the root [[KHIL]] also appears in a later manuscript, cf. {{PE|17}}, p. 101.</ref> It has been suggested that ''tarkil'' means "literally 'high follower' ([since] the [[Elves]] referred to Men as ''[[Men|followers]]'' because they were the [[Afterborn]] [[Children of Ilúvatar]])".<ref name=Arda/><ref group="note">Cf. [[TUR]] for the connection to "high" and [[KHIL]] for the connection to "follower".</ref>
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==Other versions of the legendarium==
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In ''[[The Lord of the Rings]]'', the word appears only in a footnote (added in the [[George Allen and Unwin|Allen & Unwin]] second edition, 1966) in [[Appendix F]]. However, at one time it was destined for more prominence: in the early drafts of the work, [[Aragorn]] himself is known as "the Tarkil", but this was changed to "the Dúnadan" in the published text.<ref name=RC>{{HM|RC}}, p. 603</ref><ref>{{HM|TI}}, p. 8</ref>
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{{references|note}}
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{{title|lowercase}}
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[[Category:Quenya nouns]]
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[[Category:Quenya names]]
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[[Category:Westron words]]
 
[[Category:Westron words]]

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