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Thangail

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The '''''thangail''''' was a defensive formation used by the soldiers of the [[Númenórean Realms]]. It was formed from two closely-pressed ranks forming a barrier of shields, solidly enough to withstand the onslaught of their enemies. The thangail was designed to be flexible, and could bend at one or both of its ends to adapt to enemy tactics, even curling round to meet itself and so form an unbroken circle of shields.  
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The '''''thangail''''' was a defensive formation used by the soldiers of the [[Númenórean Realms]]. It was formed from two closely-pressed ranks presenting a barrier of shields, solidly enough to withstand the onslaught of their enemies. The thangail was designed to be flexible, and could bend at one or both of its ends to adapt to enemy tactics, even curling round to meet itself and so form an unbroken circle of shields.<ref>{{UT|Gladden}}</ref>
  
Our only record of the thangail in actual use is by [[Isildur]], who ordered one drawn up when attacked by [[Orcs]] in the incident known to history as the [[Disaster of the Gladden Fields]]. However, there is reason to think that it originated with the [[Elves]], especially as the two main [[Elvish]] languages had quite separate names for the formation. Thangail is a [[Sindarin]] word, whereas in [[Quenya]] the same tactic was referred to as a [[sandastan]].
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The only record of the thangail in actual use was by [[Isildur]], who ordered one drawn up when attacked by [[Orcs]] in the incident known to history as the [[Disaster of the Gladden Fields]]. However, there is reason to think that it originated with the [[Elves]], especially as the two main [[Elvish]] languages had quite separate names for the formation. Thangail is a [[Sindarin]] word, whereas in [[Quenya]] the same tactic was referred to as a [[sandastan]].<ref>{{UT|Gladden}}, note 16</ref>
  
 
==Inspiration==
 
==Inspiration==
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* [[Dírnaith]]
 
* [[Dírnaith]]
  
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[[Category:Tactical formations]]
 
[[Category:Tactical formations]]
 
[[Category:Sindarin nouns]]
 
[[Category:Sindarin nouns]]

Revision as of 07:07, 4 December 2012

The thangail was a defensive formation used by the soldiers of the Númenórean Realms. It was formed from two closely-pressed ranks presenting a barrier of shields, solidly enough to withstand the onslaught of their enemies. The thangail was designed to be flexible, and could bend at one or both of its ends to adapt to enemy tactics, even curling round to meet itself and so form an unbroken circle of shields.[1]

The only record of the thangail in actual use was by Isildur, who ordered one drawn up when attacked by Orcs in the incident known to history as the Disaster of the Gladden Fields. However, there is reason to think that it originated with the Elves, especially as the two main Elvish languages had quite separate names for the formation. Thangail is a Sindarin word, whereas in Quenya the same tactic was referred to as a sandastan.[2]

Inspiration

Shield walls were a common element of pre-gunpowder battlefield tactics, e.g. the ancient Greek phalanx, Roman legionary testudo formation and Scottish sheltron.

Etymology

The word thangail may be translated as 'shield-fence' (than "shield" + cail "fence").

See also

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The Disaster of the Gladden Fields"
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The Disaster of the Gladden Fields", note 16