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|Other names||Elwë (Q), Elu (S);|
"The Hidden King"
|Titles||King of Doriath,|
"Lord of Beleriand"
|Language||Doriathrin (Sindarin dialect)|
|Birth||Y.T. 1050 or later |
|Rule||Y.T. 1152 - F.A. 502 (3837 years)|
|Death||F.A. 502[note 1] (aged c. 4814)|
|Siblings||Olwë, possibly Elmo|
|Children||Lúthien; fostered Túrin|
|Gallery||Images of Thingol|
Thingol ([ˈθiŋɡol]), also known as Elu (S, pron. [ˈelu]), was the King of Doriath and High King of the Sindar. Known as Elwë during the first years of the Eldar, he was the older brother of Olwë and Elmo.[note 2] He was also a good friend of Finwë, High King of the Noldor. His hair was silver and he was the tallest of all Elves and Men. As the de facto "Lord of Beleriand", Thingol would become a central figure of the First Age, instigating the Quest for the Silmaril, the greatest victory of the Age, but ultimately the cause of his own doom.
Ambassador of the Valar
After the Chaining of Melkor, the Vala Oromë took three Elves, Ingwë, Finwë, and Elwë, to Valinor to convince the Eldar to join the Valar in the Blessed Realm. Upon their return, the Elven ambassadors convinced many of the Eldar to join them on the Great Journey to the West. During the thousand mile journey, the Elven host separated into three groups, the Vanyar, Noldor, and Teleri. The Teleri, led by Elwë and his brother Olwë, were the largest and slowest group, and were the last to reach the western shores of Middle-earth. The Noldorin Elves had already left for Valinor, and the Teleri were forced to wait for the "island shuttle".
During this time Elwë wandered into the Forest of Nan Elmoth, where he met and fell in love with Melian the Maia. Caught in an enchantment of their own making, Elwë and Melian could not be found by the searching Teleri. When the Valar returned to take the remaining Elves to Valinor, only some of them followed Olwë across the Great Sea. The rest had come to love the lands of Beleriand and refused to leave without their missing lord.
King of DoriathDoriath. His subjects would become the Sindar, or "Grey Elves", and their language was Sindarin. From then on Elwë was known as King Elu Thingol, and he claimed lordship over all the lands in Beleriand. While Thingol was King of the Grey Elves, who never saw the light of the Two Trees, as an Ambassador for the Valar he was counted as a High Elf, and equal to any lord of the Eldar.
A thousand years before the first rising of the Sun and the Moon the Green-elves entered Beleriand under Denethor, Thingol welcomed them and gave them the lands of Ossiriand, which they named Lindon. The Green Elves told of the spread of Orcs and other foul creatures in the north and east of Middle-earth. The Grey Elves began arming themselves.
Centuries later Melkor returned to Middle-earth. Now named Morgoth, he had destroyed the Two Trees, killed Finwë, the High King of the Noldor, and stolen the fabled Silmarils. Seeking to claim dominion quickly, he launched a sudden assault on the lands of the Sindar. The First Battle of Beleriand went well for Thingol, who prevented any Orcs from invading Doriath, but the Green Elves took horrific losses and the Elves of the Coasts were besieged.
The Elves of the Coasts were finally saved by the arrival of the Noldor, who launched the Dagor-nuin-Giliath ("Battle Under the Stars"). Morgoth's forces were crushed and the Noldor began their long Siege of Angband.
Thingol and the Noldor
After the First Battle of Beleriand, Doriath was encircled by the Girdle of Melian, an impenetrable fog that guarded the kingdom. While his own kingdom was protected, Thingol was still loath to surrender any other lands in Beleriand to the Noldor as he was suspicious of the aggressive new lords in Middle-earth.
- "In Hithlum the Noldor have leave to dwell, and in the highlands of Dorthonion, and in the lands east of Doriath that are empty and wild... for I am the Lord of Beleriand, and all who seek to dwell there shall hear my word."
- ― The Silmarillion, "Of the Return of the Noldor"
King Thingol's relations with the Noldor were strained, and grew worse decades later when he learned the truth of the Kinslaying. Thingol banned the use of Quenya in his lands, which led to Sindarin being the common Elven tongue in Middle-earth. The King of Doriath refused to aid the Noldor in the war against Morgoth, and took little part in the Siege of Angband or the Dagor Bragollach ("Battle of Sudden Flame").
The Quest for the Silmaril
Thingol and Melian had one child, a daughter named Lúthien, said to be the fairest woman ever to live. Lúthien fell in love with a man named Beren. Thingol did not wish for the two to wed, as he valued his daughter very highly and disliked Men. As a bride-price he asked for a Silmaril from the crown of Morgoth, thinking there was no way that Beren could fulfill this demand. It was, however, this very bride-price that killed him.
Fostering of Túrin
Thingol adopted as a son young Man Túrin who was sent to Doriath when he was seven years old. When he grew up, he was permitted to join Beleg Cúthalion on the marches of Doriath, fighting the Orcs of Morgoth.
Túrin accidentally caused the death of Saeros, one of Thingol's counsellors who had provoked and attacked him. Before he could be either punished or forgiven he fled. Thingol however gave Beleg a leave to seek out his friend, who in the meantime had joined a band of outlaws. Telling to Thingol that Túrin did not wish to return, Thingol allowed Beleg to go and join his friend and gave him the black sword Anglachel that Eöl had forged and given to Thingol in tribute.
The Nauglamír and Thingol's Doom
Some time after Túrin's tragic death, Húrin, Túrin's father and now an old man, was allowed to enter Menegroth with a band in outlaws, where in anger he threw the Nauglamír, the treasure of Nargothrond before King Thingol and 'thanked' him for aiding his son. This infuriated the outlaws, who tried to take the gold back but were killed by Thingol's guards. Melian, finally pierced through Húrin's madness and grief; shamed by his actions, he left Menegroth a broken man.
At that time a desire came into Thingol's heart to take the Nauglamír and place the Silmaril in it, thus melding together two of the greatest creations made by Elves and Dwarves. He hired some Dwarven craftsmen to do it for him. But by the time the Dwarves were finished they had became obsessed with the Nauglamír and asked for it as payment for their labor. This infuriated Thingol, who had also grown obsessed with the jewelry and refused to give it as payment. The Dwarves were angered by his harsh words, and killed him. This led to the sacking of Menegroth and the eventual destruction of Doriath, which scattered its people.
Although Thingol had been to Valinor, seen its Trees and was considered a Calaquendi, he only set foot on the Undying Lands on that one occasion and never returned there. 
Thingol's heir was Dior, son of Beren and Lúthien.
Character and traits
|House of Bëor||Melian||THINGOL|
Y.T. 1050 - F.A. 502
Y.T. 1050 -
F.A. 432 - 503
Y.T. 1200 - F.A. 503
F.A. 470 - 506
|King of Doriath|
Y.T. 1152 – F.A. 502
- ↑ His death is placed under the year 502 in The Grey Annals, but according to the story introduced into The Silmarillion by Christopher Tolkien it should have rather occurred immediately after the reforging of Nauglamír, while the Sack of Doriath remained in the following year.
- ↑ Elmo is a later addition by Tolkien and is not in the published The Silmarillion.
- ↑ This information is from the Cuivienyarna, part of Quendi and Eldar, a late revision of the legendarium by Tolkien. The Silmarillion does not clarify wheether Elu Thingol awoke at Cuiviénen or was born there. See Awakening of the Elves.
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of Eldamar and the Princes of the Eldalië"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Narn i Chîn Húrin: The Tale of the Children of Húrin
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of Thingol and Melian"