Anemones were small flowers of many pale colours. Frodo and Sam found white and blue anemones growing in the fragrant flowered lands of Ithilien, and Tolkien also hints that simbelmynë was also a variety of anemone, or at least similar in appearance.
Beeches were broad and tall trees that grew throughout Middle-earth, and especially in its northern regions. The most famous beech-forest of all was Neldoreth in Doriath. Hírilorn, the three-trunked tree in which Lúthien was imprisoned, was perhaps the greatest beech that had ever grown.
Brambles of Mordor
Brambles of Mordor were ugly with foot-long thorns, which were sharp as the knives of the orcs that came from Mordor. Some of the thorns were long and sharp, meaning that they could puncture very deeply, while others were barbed, making them suited for rending the flesh if one tried to walk through them. They sprawled over the land like coils of steel wire. As Samwise Gamgee remarked, he hadn't thought that any plants actually grew in Mordor, though had he been told that some do, the brambles were exactly what he would have expected of Mordor.
They grew in sheltered places twisted tree-forms and stunted grey grasses grew. The leaves were shrivelled with Sulphur vapour and maggot hatchlings. They were the only plantlife that seemed to maintain more than a tenuous foothold.
|Appearance||A mass of leaves in a compact globular cluster|
Portrayal in Adaptations
|Other names||Sweet briar|
|Location||Ithilien, the Shire|
The name is used for the sweetbriar. It derives from French referring to the "dog rose", ultimately from Latin aculeus "spine".
Iris was a colourful and distinctive flower. Frodo and Sam found it growing in Ithilien, and the Gladden River and the Gladden Fields took their name from a variety of this flower. The "iris-swords" mentioned in The Lord of the Rings are a reference to its thin, pointed leaves. In Letter 297, Tolkien identifies the flower as the Iris pseudocorus.
Lilies were large flowers that grow on slender stalks, that in Middle-earth were found at least in the Gondorian lands of Lebennin and Ithilien. In the modern world, lilies can grow in a variety of colours and patterns, but in Tolkien's world they're always referred to as being white: for example in the description of Éowyn in her illness as 'white as a lily' (The Lord of the Rings V 8, The Houses of Healing). Among Gandalf's amazing array of fireworks was one in the shape of a lily, which could famously hang in the air throughout an entire evening.
Mushrooms were a particular delight of young Frodo Baggins, who would often steal them from Farmer Maggot's fields. Old Maggot still remembered it when Frodo came to his farm years later, and as a parting gift, Mrs. Maggot gave Frodo a basket of the prized mushrooms.
Portrayal in adaptations
- Though the scenes in Maggot's house have been omitted, a nod to mushrooms is given when the four Hobbits escape Farmer Maggot. Pippin spots them after a comment on a "short cut", making the full phrase sound as "A short cut to... mushrooms!", the chapter title.
- Mushrooms are collectible items found throughout the Shire. When ate, they restore 10 points of the player's health.
2003: The Hobbit (2003 video game):
- Mushrooms serve as power-ups throughout the game. One mushroom - green and blue of colour - restores one health bubble. Later in the game, larger, clustered mushrooms serve as a full healing item.
2007: The Lord of the Rings Online:
- Mushrooms can be grown by players who are famers by profession. Players who are cooks can make these into mushroom pie, fried mushroom and fried dace with mushrooms. These are foods for low leveled characters that can increase different traits.
The Oak was one of the most common trees in Middle-earth, found throughout the numerous forests. Thorin II became known as "Oakenshield" when he chopped off a bough of an oak to ward off the blows of enemies in the Battle of Nanduhirion.
Plum trees were some of the fruit-bearing trees cultivated in the Shire. In the marvelous year of S.R. 1420 it was said that young Hobbits "sat on the lawns under the plum-trees and ate, until they had made piles of stones like small pyramids or the heaped skulls of a conqueror".
This article or section needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of article quality.
- "The fruit was so plentiful that young hobbits very nearly bathed in strawberries and cream..."
- ― The Return of the King, The Grey Havens
- "...he ate three wild strawberries that he found on its bank, but it was not much good."
- ― The Hobbit, Out of the Frying-Pan into the Fire
J.R.R. Tolkien's adventure in Switzerland in 1911 was his inspiration for the journey from Rivendell to the other side of the Misty Mountains, and it is quite possible he consumed strawberries during this time. (Letter 306). In Michael Coren's biography on Tolkien, he notes, "For dessert he liked a trifle or, in summer, strawberries with lots of cream." (J.R.R. Tolkien, "End Times") In J.R.R. Tolkien: Artist and Illustrator, No. 23 contains an illustration by J.R.R. Tolkien of a strawberry.
- The Hobbit, Out of the Frying-Pan into the Fire
- The Return of the King, The Grey Havens
- The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien, Letter 306
- The Atlas of Middle-earth, "The Hobbit"
- J.R.R. Tolkien by Michael Coren, "End Times"
- J.R.R. Tolkien: Artist and Illustrator, "Early Work"
Tomatoes were supposedly a plant known to the Hobbits.
Other Versions of the Legendarium
They were referenced in the first edition of The Hobbit, but Tolkien changed this to "pickles" in the second edition since the American plantlife would not fit in his setting of ancient Middle-earth; however see potatoes and pipe-weed.
Water-lilies were water flowers known for their round, flat leaves floating on the surfaces of ponds and quiet rivers. Their flowers can be of many colours, but Goldberry the River-daughter seems to have had a particular interest in white lilies. Tom Bombadil travelled to the lower reaches of the Withywindle to gather white water-lilies for her, and it was while returning from a lily-gathering expedition that he discovered Frodo and his companions, and rescued them from Old Man Willow. Goldberry seems to have used her lilies to recreate her original home in the river: when Tom brought the Hobbits back to his house, they found a seated Goldberry surrounded by water-lilies floating in pots of earthenware.
Like many other types of plant and flower, water-lilies were also known to grow in the verdant lands of Ithilien by the River Anduin. Long after their adventure with Tom and Goldberry, Frodo and Sam found their broad leaves floating in a quiet stream running down to the Great River.
Wild Berries grew in the upper Vales of Anduin
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Two Towers, "Of Herbs and Stewed Rabbit"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, "A Long-expected Party"
- ↑ The Lord of the Rings Online, Item: Cabbage Crop Recipe
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Two Towers, "Treebeard"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, "A Knife in the Dark"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, "Lothlórien"
- ↑ 7.0 7.1 7.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, "A Short Cut to Mushrooms"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, Humphrey Carpenter, Christopher Tolkien (eds.), The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien, Letter 213 (dated October 25, 1958)
- ↑ The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring, "A Short Cut to Mushrooms"
- ↑ The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (video game), "The Shire"
- ↑ The Hobbit (2003 video game), "Hobbiton"
- ↑ The Hobbit (2003 video game), "Flies and Spiders"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, "The Grey Havens"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, "The Old Forest"
- ↑ Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull (eds), The Lord of the Rings: A Reader's Companion, p. 384
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Appendix: Elements in Quenya and Sindarin Names"