Tolkien Gateway

Celeborn

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| titles=Lord of the [[Galadhrim]], [[Lord of Lórien]], The Wise
 
| titles=Lord of the [[Galadhrim]], [[Lord of Lórien]], The Wise
 
| position=
 
| position=
| location=[[Doriath]], [[Harlindon]], [[Eregion]], [[Eriador]], [[Belfalas]], [[Imladris]], [[Lothlórien]], [[East Lórien]]
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| location=[[Doriath]], [[Harlindon]], [[Eregion]], [[Belfalas]], [[Imladris]], [[Lothlórien]], [[East Lórien]]
 
| affiliation=
 
| affiliation=
| language=[[Sindarin]], [[Westron]], and [[Silvan Elvish]]
+
| language=[[Sindarin]], [[Westron]]
| birth=Uncertain, see [[#Controversy|below]]
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| birth=[[#Controversy|See below]]
 
| birthlocation=
 
| birthlocation=
| rule={{TA|1981}} - early [[Fourth Age]]
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| rule=From {{TA|1981}}  
| sailedwest=Early [[Fourth Age]]<ref>{{FR|Prologue}}</ref><ref name=AppTale>{{App|Tale}}</ref>
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| sailedwest=On the [[Last Ship]]<ref name=prologue>{{FR|Prologue}}</ref><ref name=eriador>{{App|Eriador}}</ref>
 
| sailedfrom=[[Grey Havens]]
 
| sailedfrom=[[Grey Havens]]
 
| age=
 
| age=
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}}
 
}}
  
'''Celeborn''' ([[Sindarin|S]]: "silver-tall", pron. {{IPA|[ˈkeleborn]}}) was one of the noblest of the [[Sindar]]<ref name=appb/><ref name=rgeo/> — who wedded [[Galadriel]] of the [[Noldor]]. After crossing the Blue Mountains at the beginning of the Second Age and living in the realm of [[Eregion]] for a while, he founded the realm of [[Imladris]] with [[Elrond]] and with Galadriel, later moved to [[Lothlórien]] to become the [[Lord of Lórien|Lord and Lady of Lórien]]. Their daughter [[Celebrían]] married [[Elrond]] whose daughter [[Arwen]] chose a mortal life to wed [[Aragorn]].
+
'''Celeborn''' ([[Sindarin|S]]: "silver-tall", pron. {{IPA|[ˈkeleborn]}}) was one of the noblest of the [[Sindar]]<ref name=appb/><ref name=rgeo/> — who wedded the Lady [[Galadriel]] of the [[House of Finarfin]] and with her, he remained in [[Middle-earth]] after the end of the [[First Age]].  
  
 
==History==
 
==History==
 
===Early life===
 
===Early life===
{{seealso|#Telerin descent}}
 
Celeborn was a [[Sindar|Sindarin]] prince of [[Doriath]],<ref name="Sil-13">{{S|13}}</ref> being the grandson of [[Elmo]] the brother of [[Thingol|Elwe/Thingol]], and thus he was the grand-nephew of the [[King of Doriath]].<ref name=concerning>{{UT|Concerning}}</ref>
 
 
[[File:Līga Kļaviņa - Love at First Sight.jpg|left|thumb|"Love at First Sight" by [[:Category:Images by Līga Kļaviņa|Līga Kļaviņa]]]]
 
[[File:Līga Kļaviņa - Love at First Sight.jpg|left|thumb|"Love at First Sight" by [[:Category:Images by Līga Kļaviņa|Līga Kļaviņa]]]]
In the early [[First Age]], [[Finrod]] and [[Galadriel]] came to Doriath as guests of Thingol. There, Celeborn and Galadriel  met, fell in love and were wedded. Galadriel remained in Doriath with Celeborn after [[Finrod]] went to the [[Caverns of Narog]] to establish the stronghold of [[Nargothrond]].<ref name="Sil-13"/>
+
Celeborn was a [[Sindar|Sindarin]] prince of [[Doriath]],<ref name="Sil-13">{{S|13}}</ref> being the grandson of [[Elmo]], the brother of [[Thingol]]; thus, he was the grand-nephew of the [[King of Doriath]].<ref name=concerning>{{UT|Concerning}}</ref>
  
For the rest of the [[First Age]], Celeborn and Galadriel are not mentioned to have played any significant role in the general course of events of the Age, while their relatives, both Sindarin and Noldorin did. By the [[Fall of Nargothrond]] in {{FA|495}} Galadriel passed over [[Blue Mountains|the mountains]].<ref name=mirror>{{FR|Mirror}}</ref>
+
In the early [[First Age]], [[Finrod]] and [[Galadriel]] came to Doriath as guests of Thingol. There, Celeborn and Galadriel met, fell in love, and were soon wedded. Galadriel remained in Doriath with Celeborn after [[Finrod]] went to the [[Caverns of Narog]] to establish the stronghold of [[Nargothrond]].<ref name="Sil-13"/>
 +
 
 +
For the rest of the [[First Age]], Celeborn and Galadriel are not mentioned to have played any significant role in the general course of events of the Age, while their relatives, both [[Sindar]] and [[Noldor]], did. By the [[Fall of Nargothrond]] in {{FA|495}} Galadriel passed over [[Blue Mountains|the mountains]] so it seems likely that Celeborn followed her although this is not known for certain.<ref name=mirror>{{FR|Mirror}}</ref>
  
 
===Second Age===
 
===Second Age===
After the [[War of wrath|fall of Beleriand]], Celeborn and Galadriel came to [[Lindon]], the coastal region west of the Blue Mountains. Celeborn ruled the fief of [[Harlindon]], which was composed mostly of Sindar under [[High King of the Noldor|High King]] [[Gil-galad]].<ref>{{PM|X}}</ref>
+
After the [[War of wrath|fall of Beleriand]], Celeborn and Galadriel lived in [[Lindon]] for some time. Celeborn ruled the fief of [[Harlindon]], which was composed mostly of [[Sindar]], under [[High King of the Noldor|High King]] [[Gil-galad]].<ref>{{PM|X}}</ref>
  
[[Galadriel]] and Celeborn crossed into [[Eriador]] with many Noldor, [[Sindar]], and [[Green-elves]] in their following. For a while they dwelt in the country about [[Lake Nenuial]], ruling the Eldar in Eriador, including the wandering companies of the native Nandor.<ref name=concerning/> They departed for [[Eregion]] and arrived there by {{SA|750}}.<ref name=concerning/><ref>{{RGEO|Notes}}</ref> It was ruled by [[Celebrimbor]], grandson of Fëanor and half-cousin of Galadriel.  
+
[[Galadriel]] and Celeborn crossed into [[Eriador]] with many [[Noldor]], [[Sindar]], and [[Green-elves]] in their following. For a while, they dwelt in the country about [[Lake Nenuial]], ruling the Eldar in Eriador, including the wandering companies of the native Nandor.<ref group=note>Celebrían's exact date and place of birth are not specified.</ref><ref name=concerning/> They departed for [[Eregion]] and arrived there by {{SA|750}}.<ref name=concerning/><ref>{{RGEO|Notes}}</ref> It was ruled by [[Celebrimbor]], grandson of Fëanor and the distant half-cousin of Galadriel.  
  
It was only sometime between {{SA|1350}} and {{SA|1400|n}}<ref name=concerning/> that [[Galadriel]] crossed the [[Hithaeglir]] through [[Moria|Khazad-dûm]] and relocated there with her daughter [[Celebrían]], becoming great among the [[Silvan Elves|Wood-elves]].<ref name=concerning/> Celeborn decided to stay in [[Eregion]] due to his enmity towards the [[Dwarves of Khazad-dûm|Dwarves]].<ref name=concerning/> It is said that Celeborn fought in the [[Sack of Eregion]], and he and [[Elrond]] narrowly escaped to a dell, where the latter founded [[Rivendell]].<ref name=concerning/>  
+
It was only sometime between {{SA|1350}} and {{SA|1400|n}}<ref name=concerning/> that [[Galadriel]] crossed the [[Hithaeglir]] through [[Moria|Khazad-dûm]] and relocated there with her daughter [[Celebrían]], becoming great among the [[Silvan Elves|Wood-elves]].<ref name=concerning/> Celeborn decided to stay in [[Eregion]] due to his enmity towards the [[Dwarves of Khazad-dûm|Dwarves]].<ref name=concerning/> It is said that Celeborn fought in the [[Sack of Eregion]] leading the remnants of Eregion out of the battle. He and [[Elrond]] narrowly escaped to a dell, where the latter founded [[Rivendell]].<ref name=concerning/>  
  
After the [[War of the Elves and Sauron]], Galadriel passed again through [[Moria]] with [[Celebrían]] and came to [[Imladris]], seeking Celeborn.<ref name=concerning/> There she found him, and there they dwelt together for a long time.<ref name=concerning/>
+
After the [[War of the Elves and Sauron]], Galadriel passed again through [[Moria]] with [[Celebrían]] and came to [[Imladris]], seeking Celeborn.<ref name=concerning/> There she found him, and there they dwelt together for a long time.<ref name=concerning/> Some time later, [[Galadriel]] and Celeborn departed from Imladris and went to the little-inhabited lands between the mouth of the [[Gwathló]] and [[Ethir Anduin]].<ref name=concerning/> There they dwelt in [[Belfalas]], at the place that was afterwards called [[Dol Amroth]]; and their company was swelled by [[Silvan Elves]] from [[Lórinand]].<ref name=concerning/>
 
+
Some time later, [[Galadriel]] and Celeborn departed from Imladris and went to the little-inhabited lands between the mouth of the [[Gwathló]] and [[Ethir Anduin]].<ref name=concerning/> There they dwelt in [[Belfalas]], at the place that was afterwards called [[Dol Amroth]]; and their company was swelled by [[Silvan Elves]] from [[Lórinand]].<ref name=concerning/>
+
  
 
===Third Age===
 
===Third Age===
 
[[File:Rowena Morrill - The Swan-Boat of Galadriel.jpg|thumb|left|"The Swan-Boat of Galadriel" by [[:Category:Images by Rowena Morrill|Rowena Morrill]]]]
 
[[File:Rowena Morrill - The Swan-Boat of Galadriel.jpg|thumb|left|"The Swan-Boat of Galadriel" by [[:Category:Images by Rowena Morrill|Rowena Morrill]]]]
After long journeys in [[Rhovanion]], from [[Gondor]] and the borders of [[Mordor]] to [[Thranduil]] in the north, Celeborn and Galadriel passed over the mountains to [[Imladris]], and there dwelt for many years.<ref name="AaN">{{UT|Amroth}}</ref> It was there, in {{TA|109}}<ref name="TA">{{App|TA}}</ref>, that their daughter [[Celebrían]]<ref group=note>Celebrían's exact date and place of birth are not specified.</ref> wedded [[Elrond]] Half-elven of [[Rivendell]].  
+
After long journeys in [[Rhovanion]], from [[Gondor]] and the borders of [[Mordor]] to [[Thranduil]] in the north, Celeborn and Galadriel passed over the mountains to [[Imladris]], and there dwelt for many years.<ref name="AaN">{{UT|Amroth}}</ref> It was there, in {{TA|109}}<ref name="TA">{{App|TA}}</ref>, that their daughter [[Celebrían]] wedded [[Elrond]] Half-elven of [[Rivendell]].  
  
When King [[Amroth]] son of [[Amdír]] perished in {{TA|1981}}, Celeborn and Galadriel took up the rule of Lindórinand jointly, and were called the [[Lord and Lady of Galadhrim|Lord and Lady]] of Lothlórien, the new name for Lindórinand, and together they built [[Caras Galadhon]].
+
When [[Amroth]], the [[King of Lórien]], perished in {{TA|1981}}, Celeborn and Galadriel took up the rule of Lindórinand jointly, and were called the [[Lord and Lady of Galadhrim|Lord and Lady]] of Lothlórien, the new name for Lindórinand, and together, they built [[Caras Galadhon]].
  
During the [[War of the Ring]] in {{TA|3019}}, Lothlórien received the [[Fellowship of the Ring]], composed of various travellers on the [[Quest of the Ring|quest]] to destroy [[the One Ring]]. He offered advice, and boats for the [[Anduin]], speeding them on their way.  
+
During the [[War of the Ring]] in {{TA|3019}}, Lothlórien received the [[Fellowship of the Ring]], composed of various travellers on the [[Quest of the Ring|quest]] to destroy [[the One Ring]]. He offered advice and boats for the [[Anduin]], sending them on their way. After the [[Galadhrim]] repelled the forces of [[Dol Guldur]] three times, Celeborn the forces of the Galadhrim across the [[Anduin]] and [[Fall of Dol Guldur|took the fortress]]. Galadriel threw down its walls and purified the forest.<ref name=great>{{app|Great}}</ref><ref name=chief>{{app|Chief}}</ref>
  
Celeborn's most significant recorded actions came in the same year (in March 3019), when he repulsed three attacks by [[Orcs]] of [[Dol Guldur]]. Then, after the passing of the [[Shadow]] of [[Sauron]], Celeborn marshalled his forces of Galadhrim to cross the Anduin and [[Fall of Dol Guldur|laid siege to Dol Guldur]]. He captured the fortress, and Galadriel threw down its walls and purified the forest.<ref name=great>{{app|Great}}</ref><ref name=chief>{{app|Chief}}</ref>
+
On [[6 April]],<ref name=chief/> that was the [[Yestarë|Elven day of New Year]], [[Thranduil]] met with Celeborn in the midst of [[Mirkwood]] and renamed it ''[[Eryn Lasgalen]]'', "The Wood of the Green Leaves". With the forest now cleansed, it was divided among the Elves and Men; Celeborn took all the forest south of the [[Narrows]] and established [[East Lórien]].<ref name=great/>
 
+
On [[6 April]],<ref name=chief/> that was the [[Yestarë|Elven day of New Year]], [[Thranduil]] met with Celeborn in the midst of [[Mirkwood]] and renamed it ''[[Eryn Lasgalen]]'', "The Wood of the Green Leaves". With the forest now cleansed, it was divided; Thranduil continued to rule the northern region, but Celeborn took the woods south of the [[Narrows]] now called [[East Lórien]].<ref name=great/>
+
  
 
===Later History===
 
===Later History===
{{blockquote|'I do not think we shall meet again.'<br>'I do not know, Eldest.'|[[Treebeard]] and Celeborn, ''[[Many Partings]]''}}
+
Celeborn attended the wedding of [[Aragorn II Elessar]] and his granddaughter [[Arwen]], and on the journey to return, he bade a fond farewell to [[Treebeard]] as well. He and Galadriel escorted [[Gandalf]] and the [[Hobbits]] until the [[Mountains of Moria]], and on [[13 September]] they turned to return to [[Lothlórien]].<ref name=chief/>
  
Celeborn attended the wedding of [[Aragorn|King Elessar]] and his granddaughter [[Arwen]], and on the journey to return bade a fond farewell to [[Treebeard]] as well.
+
After Galadriel's departure, it is believed that Celeborn relocated to [[Rivendell]] to reside with [[Elladan]], [[Elrohir]], and some of the [[Noldor]], having also grown weary of [[East Lórien]].<ref name=prologue>{{FR|Records}}</ref><ref name=great>{{App|Great}}</ref>  
He and Galadriel escorted Gandalf and the Hobbits until the [[Mountains of Moria]], and on [[13 September]] they turned to return to Lothlórien.<ref name=chief/>
+
  
Celeborn returned to Lothlórien, but the power of [[Nenya]] was broken. It no longer was filled with the light and life it had before. It is believed that Celeborn also relocated to Rivendell to reside with [[Elladan]], [[Elrohir]], and a few [[Noldor]] after the departure of [[Galadriel]], having also grown weary of [[East Lórien]].<ref name=prologue>{{FR|Records}}</ref><ref name=great>{{App|Great}}</ref>
+
At some unknown date, he sought the [[Grey Havens]] and sailed west aboard [[Last Ship]] with his mighty kinsman [[Cirdan the Shipwright]], but when he did so, he took with him the last memory of the [[Elder Days]] in Middle-earth.<ref name=prologue/>
 
+
Early in the [[Fourth Age]], he sought the [[Grey Havens]] and sailed west aboard [[Last Ship]] with [[Cirdan the Shipwright]], but when he did so, he took with him the last memory of the [[Elder Days]] in Middle-earth.<ref name=prologue/>
+
 
+
==Character==
+
What can be gleaned of his personality is that he was quick-thinking and swift to act, one of the wisest elves of Middle-earth in the Third Age. He was a warrior too, leading his followers into battle against [[Dol Guldur]] and other menaces.
+
  
 
==Other versions of the legendarium==
 
==Other versions of the legendarium==
Up to the time when ''[[The Lord of the Rings]]'' was published, there had been no mention of Celeborn in the previously written legendarium. [[J.R.R. Tolkien|Tolkien]] later attempted multiple times to fix upon the story behind such an important elf. He remains a fairly unsubstantial character in the legendarium, for despite his profound effect upon the doings of the Elder Days, there is very little direct information on him as a person.
+
Up to the time when ''[[The Lord of the Rings]]'' was published, there had been no mention of Celeborn in the previously written legendarium. [[J.R.R. Tolkien|Tolkien]] later attempted multiple times to fix upon the story behind such an important Elf. He remains a fairly unsubstantial character in the legendarium, for despite his profound effect upon the doings of the Elder Days, there is very little direct information on him as a person.
  
In his first writings (which make up the bulk of the matter of Celeborn) and the works published during Tolkien's lifetime, the elf-lord is portrayed as a kinsman of Thingol and one of the Sindar,<ref name=appb>{{App|B1}}</ref><ref name=rgeo>{{RGEO|Notes}}</ref> and met Galadriel when she came with the Noldor into exile. In a brief, speculative paper written by Tolkien included in ''[[Unfinished Tales]]'', Celeborn is made Thingol's grandnephew, by the King’s brother [[Elmo]], who is also linked to Círdan. Elmo appears nowhere else in the Legendarium.
+
In his first writings (which make up the bulk of the matter of Celeborn) and the works published during Tolkien's lifetime, the Elf-lord is portrayed as a kinsman of Thingol and one of the Sindar,<ref name=appb>{{App|B1}}</ref><ref name=rgeo>{{RGEO|Notes}}</ref> and met Galadriel when she came with the Noldor into exile. In a brief, speculative paper written by Tolkien included in ''[[Unfinished Tales]]'', Celeborn is made Thingol's grandnephew, by the King’s brother [[Elmo]], who is also linked to Círdan. Elmo appears nowhere else in the Legendarium.
  
 
===Telerin descent===
 
===Telerin descent===
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====Controversy====
 
====Controversy====
 +
{{blockquote|On the other hand, the making of Celeborn into a Telerin Elf of Aman contradicts not only statements in The Silmarillion, but also those cited already from The Road Goes Ever On and Appendix B to The Lord of the Rings”|[[Christopher Tolkien]], "[[The History of Galadriel and Celeborn]]"}}
 
Celeborn as a Telerin prince seems a late development. This altered origin was not adopted into the published ''[[Silmarillion]]'', primarily because it contradicted published [[canon]], and was not incorporated in Tolkien's drafts of the earlier parts, and therefore would have necessitated a major rewrite by [[Christopher Tolkien]] and [[Guy Gavriel Kay]] to account for a separate departure of Galadriel.  
 
Celeborn as a Telerin prince seems a late development. This altered origin was not adopted into the published ''[[Silmarillion]]'', primarily because it contradicted published [[canon]], and was not incorporated in Tolkien's drafts of the earlier parts, and therefore would have necessitated a major rewrite by [[Christopher Tolkien]] and [[Guy Gavriel Kay]] to account for a separate departure of Galadriel.  
 
{{blockquote|On the other hand, the making of Celeborn into a Telerin Elf of Aman contradicts not only statements in The Silmarillion, but also those cited already from The Road Goes Ever On and Appendix B to The Lord of the Rings”|[[Christopher Tolkien]], "[[The History of Galadriel and Celeborn]]"}}
 
  
 
It's unknown whether Tolkien would have revised the story or would have felt bound by published writings.
 
It's unknown whether Tolkien would have revised the story or would have felt bound by published writings.
  
Celeborn's Telerin ancestry would have made the couple first cousins. In the [[Morgoth's Ring]] it is stated that the first cousins might marry, but seldom did so, or desired to do so.<ref>{{MR|Laws}}</ref> Furthermore, in the published Silmarillion, it is stated in reference to [[Maeglin]]'s attraction to his first cousin [[Idril]] that "[[Eldar]] wedded not with kin so near."<ref>{{S|Maeglin}}</ref>
+
Celeborn's Telerin ancestry would have made the couple first cousins. In the [[Morgoth's Ring]], it is stated that the first cousins might marry, but seldom did so, or desired to do so.<ref>{{MR|Laws}}</ref> Furthermore, in the published Silmarillion, it is stated in reference to [[Maeglin]]'s attraction to his first cousin [[Idril]] that "[[Eldar]] wedded not with kin so near."<ref>{{S|Maeglin}}</ref>
  
 
==Etymology==
 
==Etymology==

Revision as of 21:33, 9 November 2020

"I shan't call it the end, till we've cleared up the mess." — Sam
This article or section needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of article quality.
"Who told you, and who sent you?" — Gandalf
This article or section needs more/new/more-detailed sources to conform to a higher standard and to provide proof for claims made.
This article is about the Lord of Lórien. For the the Tree, see Celeborn (White Tree).
Celeborn
Sinda
Ebe Kastein - Celeborn.jpg
"Celeborn" by Ebe Kastein
Biographical Information
Other namesTeleporno (T)
TitlesLord of the Galadhrim, Lord of Lórien, The Wise
LocationDoriath, Harlindon, Eregion, Belfalas, Imladris, Lothlórien, East Lórien
LanguageSindarin, Westron
BirthSee below
RuleFrom T.A. 1981
Sailed westOn the Last Ship[1][2]
Grey Havens
Family
HouseA member of the royal house of Doriath
ParentageGaladhon
SiblingsGalathil
SpouseGaladriel
ChildrenCelebrían
Physical Description
GenderMale
Height6 feet 4 inches (193cm)[note 1]
Hair colorSilver, long[3]
GalleryImages of Celeborn

Celeborn (S: "silver-tall", pron. [ˈkeleborn]) was one of the noblest of the Sindar[4][5] — who wedded the Lady Galadriel of the House of Finarfin and with her, he remained in Middle-earth after the end of the First Age.

Contents

History

Early life

"Love at First Sight" by Līga Kļaviņa

Celeborn was a Sindarin prince of Doriath,[6] being the grandson of Elmo, the brother of Thingol; thus, he was the grand-nephew of the King of Doriath.[7]

In the early First Age, Finrod and Galadriel came to Doriath as guests of Thingol. There, Celeborn and Galadriel met, fell in love, and were soon wedded. Galadriel remained in Doriath with Celeborn after Finrod went to the Caverns of Narog to establish the stronghold of Nargothrond.[6]

For the rest of the First Age, Celeborn and Galadriel are not mentioned to have played any significant role in the general course of events of the Age, while their relatives, both Sindar and Noldor, did. By the Fall of Nargothrond in F.A. 495 Galadriel passed over the mountains so it seems likely that Celeborn followed her although this is not known for certain.[8]

Second Age

After the fall of Beleriand, Celeborn and Galadriel lived in Lindon for some time. Celeborn ruled the fief of Harlindon, which was composed mostly of Sindar, under High King Gil-galad.[9]

Galadriel and Celeborn crossed into Eriador with many Noldor, Sindar, and Green-elves in their following. For a while, they dwelt in the country about Lake Nenuial, ruling the Eldar in Eriador, including the wandering companies of the native Nandor.[note 2][7] They departed for Eregion and arrived there by S.A. 750.[7][10] It was ruled by Celebrimbor, grandson of Fëanor and the distant half-cousin of Galadriel.

It was only sometime between S.A. 1350 and 1400[7] that Galadriel crossed the Hithaeglir through Khazad-dûm and relocated there with her daughter Celebrían, becoming great among the Wood-elves.[7] Celeborn decided to stay in Eregion due to his enmity towards the Dwarves.[7] It is said that Celeborn fought in the Sack of Eregion leading the remnants of Eregion out of the battle. He and Elrond narrowly escaped to a dell, where the latter founded Rivendell.[7]

After the War of the Elves and Sauron, Galadriel passed again through Moria with Celebrían and came to Imladris, seeking Celeborn.[7] There she found him, and there they dwelt together for a long time.[7] Some time later, Galadriel and Celeborn departed from Imladris and went to the little-inhabited lands between the mouth of the Gwathló and Ethir Anduin.[7] There they dwelt in Belfalas, at the place that was afterwards called Dol Amroth; and their company was swelled by Silvan Elves from Lórinand.[7]

Third Age

"The Swan-Boat of Galadriel" by Rowena Morrill

After long journeys in Rhovanion, from Gondor and the borders of Mordor to Thranduil in the north, Celeborn and Galadriel passed over the mountains to Imladris, and there dwelt for many years.[11] It was there, in T.A. 109[12], that their daughter Celebrían wedded Elrond Half-elven of Rivendell.

When Amroth, the King of Lórien, perished in T.A. 1981, Celeborn and Galadriel took up the rule of Lindórinand jointly, and were called the Lord and Lady of Lothlórien, the new name for Lindórinand, and together, they built Caras Galadhon.

During the War of the Ring in T.A. 3019, Lothlórien received the Fellowship of the Ring, composed of various travellers on the quest to destroy the One Ring. He offered advice and boats for the Anduin, sending them on their way. After the Galadhrim repelled the forces of Dol Guldur three times, Celeborn the forces of the Galadhrim across the Anduin and took the fortress. Galadriel threw down its walls and purified the forest.[13][14]

On 6 April,[14] that was the Elven day of New Year, Thranduil met with Celeborn in the midst of Mirkwood and renamed it Eryn Lasgalen, "The Wood of the Green Leaves". With the forest now cleansed, it was divided among the Elves and Men; Celeborn took all the forest south of the Narrows and established East Lórien.[13]

Later History

Celeborn attended the wedding of Aragorn II Elessar and his granddaughter Arwen, and on the journey to return, he bade a fond farewell to Treebeard as well. He and Galadriel escorted Gandalf and the Hobbits until the Mountains of Moria, and on 13 September they turned to return to Lothlórien.[14]

After Galadriel's departure, it is believed that Celeborn relocated to Rivendell to reside with Elladan, Elrohir, and some of the Noldor, having also grown weary of East Lórien.[1][13]

At some unknown date, he sought the Grey Havens and sailed west aboard Last Ship with his mighty kinsman Cirdan the Shipwright, but when he did so, he took with him the last memory of the Elder Days in Middle-earth.[1]

Other versions of the legendarium

Up to the time when The Lord of the Rings was published, there had been no mention of Celeborn in the previously written legendarium. Tolkien later attempted multiple times to fix upon the story behind such an important Elf. He remains a fairly unsubstantial character in the legendarium, for despite his profound effect upon the doings of the Elder Days, there is very little direct information on him as a person.

In his first writings (which make up the bulk of the matter of Celeborn) and the works published during Tolkien's lifetime, the Elf-lord is portrayed as a kinsman of Thingol and one of the Sindar,[4][5] and met Galadriel when she came with the Noldor into exile. In a brief, speculative paper written by Tolkien included in Unfinished Tales, Celeborn is made Thingol's grandnephew, by the King’s brother Elmo, who is also linked to Círdan. Elmo appears nowhere else in the Legendarium.

Telerin descent

According to an alternate history of Celeborn and Galadriel in Unfinished Tales, Celeborn was a Teler of noble rank in Alqualondë, born Teleporno,[15] grandson of Olwë, prince of Alqualondë (thus he was a kinsman of Thingol in Beleriand).[16]

Artanis, Olwë's granddaughter and a Noldorin princess of great beauty, often spent long visits to Alqualondë and her mother’s kin. During this time the two fell in love, and Teleporno gave her the romantic epithet Alatáriel, meaning "Maiden Crowned with Radiant Garland".[17] Teleporno's name gained an additional Quenya form, Telporno (pron. [telˈporno]).

Later, Teleporno and Artanis helped to defend Alqualondë from the Noldor during the First Kinslaying. Nevertheless, Artanis’s heart was fired by the stories of Fëanor of the open lands across the sea. She urged Teleporno to take a ship eastward to Endor, and he gave in. In doing so the two fell under the Ban of the Valar.

In Beleriand, Teleporno and Artanis were greeted by Elu Thingol, King of Doriath. Teleporno eventually "Sindarized" his name to Celeborn; Artanis Sindarinized the epithet Celeborn had given her, and Alatáriel became Galadriel.

Controversy

On the other hand, the making of Celeborn into a Telerin Elf of Aman contradicts not only statements in The Silmarillion, but also those cited already from The Road Goes Ever On and Appendix B to The Lord of the Rings”
Christopher Tolkien, "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn"

Celeborn as a Telerin prince seems a late development. This altered origin was not adopted into the published Silmarillion, primarily because it contradicted published canon, and was not incorporated in Tolkien's drafts of the earlier parts, and therefore would have necessitated a major rewrite by Christopher Tolkien and Guy Gavriel Kay to account for a separate departure of Galadriel.

It's unknown whether Tolkien would have revised the story or would have felt bound by published writings.

Celeborn's Telerin ancestry would have made the couple first cousins. In the Morgoth's Ring, it is stated that the first cousins might marry, but seldom did so, or desired to do so.[18] Furthermore, in the published Silmarillion, it is stated in reference to Maeglin's attraction to his first cousin Idril that "Eldar wedded not with kin so near."[19]

Etymology

Celeborn is a Sindarin name, consisting of celeb ("silver") + a derivative of ornā ("tall"). Teleporno, his original Telerin name, has an identical meaning. The name Teleporno was "Sindarized" as Celeborn: Telerin telpe ("silver") (Quenya tyelpe) was transformed to Sindarin celeb.[20]

He was given the epithet "the Wise" by Galadriel in The Lord of the Rings.

Portrayal in adaptations

Celeborn in adaptations

1978: The Lord of the Rings:

Celeborn only has a brief, role and speaks only one line. He appeared beside Galadriel for a brief shot.

1981: The Lord of the Rings

Celeborn was voiced by Simon Cadell. Unusually, virtually the whole dialogue Celeborn speaks in the book is utilised in the radio adaptation.

2001: The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring:

Celeborn is played by Marton Csokas. The role was extremely small in the theatrical version, but expanded slightly in the Extended Edition of The Fellowship of the Ring. In that version, he participates in giving gifts to the Fellowship as they are leaving Lórien. Notably, he gives Aragorn a dagger and warns him of the dangers the Fellowship will face while sailing down the Anduin.

2002: The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (video game):

Celeborn makes a brief appearance in Lothlorien.

2003: The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King:

Celeborn leaves for Valinor with Galadriel and the other Ringbearers, rather than remaining behind as in the book.

2006: The Lord of the Rings: The Battle for Middle-earth II:

Celeborn only appears during the "Evil" campaign, when is he is slain by the Forces of Sauron.

2007-: The Lord of the Rings Online:

Celeborn can be found alongside Galadriel on a main talan in Caras Galadhon. He is involved in various storylines, including negotiations with the Dwarves of the Iron Hill Garrison and organization of a military assault against Dol Guldur in Mirkwood.

Notes

  1. In the chapter "The Mirror of Galadriel", the heights of Galadriel and Celeborn are described: "Very tall they were, and the Lady no less tall than the Lord". Galadriel's height of 6'4 comes from "Appendix: Númenórean Linear Measures" to "The Disaster of the Gladden Fields" in Unfinished Tales.
  2. Celebrían's exact date and place of birth are not specified.

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, "Prologue"
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "Eriador, Arnor, and the Heirs of Isildur"
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, "The Mirror of Galadriel"
  4. 4.0 4.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Second Age"
  5. 5.0 5.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, "Notes and Translations", in The Road Goes Ever On (J.R.R. Tolkien, Donald Swann)
  6. 6.0 6.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Return of the Noldor"
  7. 7.00 7.01 7.02 7.03 7.04 7.05 7.06 7.07 7.08 7.09 7.10 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn", "Concerning Galadriel and Celeborn"
  8. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, "The Mirror of Galadriel"
  9. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "Of Dwarves and Men"
  10. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Notes and Translations", in The Road Goes Ever On (J.R.R. Tolkien, Donald Swann)
  11. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn", "Amroth and Nimrodel"
  12. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Third Age"
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Great Years"
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Chief Days from the Fall of Barad-dûr to the End of the Third Age"
  15. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "XI. The Shibboleth of Fëanor", pp. 347, 364 (note 46)
  16. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn"
  17. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "XI. The Shibboleth of Fëanor"
  18. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Morgoth's Ring, "Part Three. The Later Quenta Silmarillion: (II) The Second Phase: Laws and Customs among the Eldar"
  19. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of Maeglin"
  20. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn", "Appendix E: The Names of Celeborn and Galadriel"