Tolkien Gateway

Celeborn

(Difference between revisions)
m (Undo revision 324474 by Holdwine Meriadoc (talk) my mistake)
m (added category)
(15 intermediate revisions by 7 users not shown)
Line 5: Line 5:
 
| caption="Celeborn" by [[:Category:Images by Ebe Kastein|Ebe Kastein]]
 
| caption="Celeborn" by [[:Category:Images by Ebe Kastein|Ebe Kastein]]
 
| name=Celeborn
 
| name=Celeborn
| pronun
+
| pronun=[[Sindarin|S]], {{IPA|[ˈkeleborn]}}
 
| othernames=''[[Teleporno]]'' ([[Telerin|T]])
 
| othernames=''[[Teleporno]]'' ([[Telerin|T]])
 
| titles=Lord of the [[Galadhrim]], [[Lord of Lórien]], The Wise
 
| titles=Lord of the [[Galadhrim]], [[Lord of Lórien]], The Wise
 
| position=
 
| position=
| location=[[Doriath]], [[Harlindon]], [[Eregion]], [[Belfalas]], [[Imladris]], [[Lothlórien]], [[East Lórien]]
+
| location=[[Doriath]], [[Harlindon]], [[Eriador]], [[Eregion]], [[Imladris]], [[Belfalas]], [[Lothlórien]], [[East Lórien]]
 
| affiliation=
 
| affiliation=
 
| language=[[Sindarin]], [[Westron]]
 
| language=[[Sindarin]], [[Westron]]
Line 33: Line 33:
 
}}
 
}}
  
'''Celeborn''' ([[Sindarin|S]]: "silver-tall", pron. {{IPA|[ˈkeleborn]}}) was one of the noblest of the [[Sindar]]<ref name=appb/><ref name=rgeo/> — who wedded the Lady [[Galadriel]] of the [[House of Finarfin]] and with her, he remained in [[Middle-earth]] after the end of the [[First Age]].  
+
'''Celeborn''' was one of the noblest of the [[Sindar]]<ref name=RGEONotes>{{RGEO|Notes}}, p. 60</ref><ref name=TimeScales>{{NM|P1ix}}, p. 65</ref> — who wedded the Lady [[Galadriel]] of the [[House of Finarfin]] and with her, he remained in [[Middle-earth]] after the end of the [[First Age]].  
  
 
==History==
 
==History==
 
===Early life===
 
===Early life===
[[File:Līga Kļaviņa - Love at First Sight.jpg|left|thumb|"Love at First Sight" by [[:Category:Images by Līga Kļaviņa|Līga Kļaviņa]]]]
+
[[File:Līga Kļaviņa - Love at First Sight.jpg|left|thumb|''Love at First Sight'' by [[:Category:Images by Līga Kļaviņa|Līga Kļaviņa]]]]
Celeborn was a [[Sindar|Sindarin]] prince of [[Doriath]],<ref name="Sil-13">{{S|13}}</ref> being the grandson of [[Elmo]], the brother of [[Thingol]]; thus, he was the grand-nephew of the [[King of Doriath]].<ref name=concerning>{{UT|Concerning}}</ref>
+
Celeborn was a [[Sindar|Sindarin]] prince of [[Doriath]],<ref name=Return>{{S|Return}}</ref> being the grandson of [[Elmo]], the brother of [[Thingol]]; thus, he was the grand-nephew of the [[King of Doriath]].<ref name=concerning>{{UT|Concerning}}</ref>
  
In the early [[First Age]], [[Finrod]] and [[Galadriel]] came to Doriath as guests of Thingol. There, Celeborn and Galadriel met, fell in love, and were soon wedded. Galadriel remained in Doriath with Celeborn after [[Finrod]] went to the [[Caverns of Narog]] to establish the stronghold of [[Nargothrond]].<ref name="Sil-13"/>
+
In the early [[First Age]], [[Finrod]] and [[Galadriel]] came to Doriath as guests of Thingol. There, Celeborn and Galadriel met, fell in love, and were soon wedded. Galadriel remained in Doriath with Celeborn after [[Finrod]] went to the [[Caverns of Narog]] to establish the stronghold of [[Nargothrond]].<ref name=Return/>
  
 
For the rest of the [[First Age]], Celeborn and Galadriel are not mentioned to have played any significant role in the general course of events of the Age, while their relatives, both [[Sindar]] and [[Noldor]], did. By the [[Fall of Nargothrond]] in {{FA|495}}, Galadriel passed over the [[Blue Mountains]] so it seems likely that Celeborn followed her although this is not known for certain.<ref name=mirror>{{FR|Mirror}}</ref>
 
For the rest of the [[First Age]], Celeborn and Galadriel are not mentioned to have played any significant role in the general course of events of the Age, while their relatives, both [[Sindar]] and [[Noldor]], did. By the [[Fall of Nargothrond]] in {{FA|495}}, Galadriel passed over the [[Blue Mountains]] so it seems likely that Celeborn followed her although this is not known for certain.<ref name=mirror>{{FR|Mirror}}</ref>
Line 47: Line 47:
 
After the [[War of wrath|fall of Beleriand]], Celeborn and Galadriel lived in [[Lindon]] for some time. Celeborn ruled the fief of [[Harlindon]], which was composed mostly of [[Sindar]], under [[High King of the Noldor|High King]] [[Gil-galad]].<ref>{{PM|X}}</ref>
 
After the [[War of wrath|fall of Beleriand]], Celeborn and Galadriel lived in [[Lindon]] for some time. Celeborn ruled the fief of [[Harlindon]], which was composed mostly of [[Sindar]], under [[High King of the Noldor|High King]] [[Gil-galad]].<ref>{{PM|X}}</ref>
  
[[Galadriel]] and Celeborn crossed into [[Eriador]] with many [[Noldor]], [[Sindar]], and [[Green-elves]] in their following. For a while, they dwelt in the country about [[Lake Nenuial]], ruling the Eldar in Eriador, including the wandering companies of the native Nandor.<ref group=note>The time and place of Celebrian's birth, whether here or later in [[Eregion]], or even later in [[Lórien]], is not specified.</ref><ref name=concerning/> They departed for [[Eregion]] and arrived there by {{SA|750}}.<ref name=concerning/><ref>{{RGEO|Notes}}</ref> It was ruled by [[Celebrimbor]], grandson of Fëanor and the distant half-cousin of Galadriel.  
+
[[Galadriel]] and Celeborn crossed into [[Eriador]] with many [[Noldor]], [[Sindar]], and [[Green-elves]] in their following. For a while, they dwelt in the country about [[Lake Nenuial]], ruling the Eldar in Eriador, including the wandering companies of the native Nandor. Probably around {{SA|300}}, a daughter was born to Galadriel and Celeborn, named [[Celebrían]].<ref name=TimeScales/> They departed for [[Eregion]] and arrived there by {{SA|750}}.<ref name=concerning/><ref>{{RGEO|Notes}}</ref> It was ruled by [[Celebrimbor]], grandson of Fëanor and the distant half-cousin of Galadriel.  
  
It was only sometime between {{SA|1350}} and {{SA|1400|n}}<ref name=concerning/> that [[Galadriel]] crossed the [[Hithaeglir]] through [[Moria|Khazad-dûm]] and relocated there with her daughter [[Celebrían]], becoming great among the [[Silvan Elves|Wood-elves]].<ref name=concerning/> Celeborn decided to stay in [[Eregion]] due to his enmity towards the [[Dwarves of Khazad-dûm|Dwarves]].<ref name=concerning/> It is said that Celeborn fought in the [[Sack of Eregion]] leading the remnants of Eregion out of the battle. He and [[Elrond]] narrowly escaped to a dell, where the latter founded [[Rivendell]].<ref name=concerning/>  
+
It was only sometime between {{SA|1350}} and {{SA|1400|n}}<ref name=concerning/> that [[Galadriel]] crossed the [[Hithaeglir]] through [[Moria|Khazad-dûm]] and relocated there with their daughter Celebrían, becoming great among the [[Silvan Elves|Wood-elves]].<ref name=concerning/> Celeborn decided to stay in [[Eregion]] due to his enmity towards the [[Dwarves of Khazad-dûm|Dwarves]].<ref name=concerning/> It is said that Celeborn fought in the [[Sack of Eregion]] leading the remnants of Eregion out of the battle. He and [[Elrond]] narrowly escaped to a dell, where the latter founded [[Rivendell]].<ref name=concerning/>  
  
 
After the [[War of the Elves and Sauron]], Galadriel passed again through [[Moria]] with [[Celebrían]] and came to [[Imladris]], seeking Celeborn.<ref name=concerning/> There she found him, and there they dwelt together for a long time.<ref name=concerning/> Some time later, [[Galadriel]] and Celeborn departed from Imladris and went to the little-inhabited lands between the mouth of the [[Gwathló]] and [[Ethir Anduin]].<ref name=concerning/> There they dwelt in [[Belfalas]], at the place that was afterwards called [[Dol Amroth]]; and their company was swelled by [[Silvan Elves]] from [[Lórinand]].<ref name=concerning/>
 
After the [[War of the Elves and Sauron]], Galadriel passed again through [[Moria]] with [[Celebrían]] and came to [[Imladris]], seeking Celeborn.<ref name=concerning/> There she found him, and there they dwelt together for a long time.<ref name=concerning/> Some time later, [[Galadriel]] and Celeborn departed from Imladris and went to the little-inhabited lands between the mouth of the [[Gwathló]] and [[Ethir Anduin]].<ref name=concerning/> There they dwelt in [[Belfalas]], at the place that was afterwards called [[Dol Amroth]]; and their company was swelled by [[Silvan Elves]] from [[Lórinand]].<ref name=concerning/>
Line 65: Line 65:
 
Celeborn attended the wedding of [[Aragorn II Elessar]] and his granddaughter [[Arwen]], and on the journey to return, he bade a fond farewell to [[Treebeard]] as well. He and Galadriel escorted [[Gandalf]] and the [[Hobbits]] until the [[Mountains of Moria]], and on [[13 September]] they turned to return to [[Lothlórien]].<ref name=chief/>
 
Celeborn attended the wedding of [[Aragorn II Elessar]] and his granddaughter [[Arwen]], and on the journey to return, he bade a fond farewell to [[Treebeard]] as well. He and Galadriel escorted [[Gandalf]] and the [[Hobbits]] until the [[Mountains of Moria]], and on [[13 September]] they turned to return to [[Lothlórien]].<ref name=chief/>
  
===Later History===
+
===Later history===
 
After Galadriel's departure, it is believed that Celeborn relocated to [[Rivendell]] to reside with [[Elladan]], [[Elrohir]], and some of the [[Noldor]], having also grown weary of [[East Lórien]].<ref name=prologue>{{FR|Records}}</ref><ref name=great>{{App|Great}}</ref>  
 
After Galadriel's departure, it is believed that Celeborn relocated to [[Rivendell]] to reside with [[Elladan]], [[Elrohir]], and some of the [[Noldor]], having also grown weary of [[East Lórien]].<ref name=prologue>{{FR|Records}}</ref><ref name=great>{{App|Great}}</ref>  
  
Line 71: Line 71:
  
 
==Other versions of the legendarium==
 
==Other versions of the legendarium==
Up to the time when ''[[The Lord of the Rings]]'' was published, there had been no mention of Celeborn in the previously written legendarium. [[J.R.R. Tolkien|Tolkien]] later attempted multiple times to fix upon the story behind such an important Elf. He remains a fairly unsubstantial character in the legendarium, for despite his profound effect upon the doings of the Elder Days, there is very little direct information on him as a person.
+
Before the summer of 1950 in an earlier version of the Appendix on Languages it was mentioned that the native language of Celeborn was ''Telerian'', the native language of the Teleri who remaind behind in the north-west of Middle-earth, of the Elves of Lorien and of the elf-kingdom in Northern Mirkwood of [[Thranduil]], and that in the household of Galadriel also ''Noldorin'' was spoken, because she was a Noldor.<ref>{{PM|Languages}}, manuscript F 2, §18, p. 36 and §3 - §5, commentary §18, pp. 65-66</ref> It thus appears that Celeborn was a wood-elf in this earlier version. In a later version F4 of the Appendix on Languages following a major revision of 1951, it is first mentioned that Celeborn was a Sindar (Grey-elf) and that most of the people of Lorien were of a woodland race.<ref>{{PM|Languages}}, typescript F4</ref> The text in the final version of the [[The Lord of the Rings]] only mentions that Celeborn was a kinsman of Thingol<ref>{{App|SA}}, second paragraph</ref><ref>{{App|Elves}} third paragraph mentioning that the Exiles had adopted Sindarin and that Galadriel was the noblest of all</ref>. The Lord of the Rings does not mention the ancestry of Celeborn and if he was a Sindar or a Teleri from Valinor. The text in the [[The Silmarillion]] also only mentions that Celeborn was a ''kinsman of Thingol'' and that Galadriel stayed in Doriath, because Celeborn lived there and did not accompany her brother Finrod to Nargothrond<ref name=Return/>, and that Celeborn was a ''prince of Doriath''<ref>{{S|Doriath}}</ref> and calls him ''Celeborn of Doriath''.<ref>{{S|Earendil}}</ref><ref>{{S|Rings}}</ref> The Silmarillion leaves the ancestry of Celeborn open, does not mention if he was a Sindar or Teleri from Valinor and only implies that Galadriel met Celeborn in Doriath.
  
In his first writings (which make up the bulk of the matter of Celeborn) and the works published during Tolkien's lifetime, the Elf-lord is portrayed as a kinsman of Thingol and one of the Sindar,<ref name=appb>{{App|B1}}</ref><ref name=rgeo>{{RGEO|Notes}}</ref> and met Galadriel when she came with the Noldor into exile. In a brief, speculative paper written by Tolkien included in ''[[Unfinished Tales]]'', Celeborn is made Thingol's grandnephew, by the King’s brother [[Elmo]], who is also linked to Círdan. Elmo appears nowhere else in the Legendarium.
+
In a table with the descendants of Thingol from December 1959 Thingol's younger brother [[Elmo]] has a son [[Galadhon]] who has two sons, Celeborn and [[Galathil]] and a daughter, [[Nimloth]]. But on the same table Nimloth also appears as the daughter of Galathil. It looks as if  the second thought of [[J.R.R. Tolkien]] was that Nimloth was the daughter of Galathil and the niece of Celeborn.<ref>{{WJ|Years}}, stage 'D', p. 257</ref> The genealogy according to this second thought was included in [[Unfinished Tales]].<ref>{{UT|Galadriel}}, last paragraph before the section Concerning Galadriel and Celeborn, p. 233</ref> Celeborn is thus the greatnephew of Thingol in that table.
 +
 
 +
Only a note in [[The Road Goes Ever On]], which was published in 1967 during J.R.R. Tolkien's lifetime, mentions that Celeborn was a Sindar.<ref name=RGEONotes/>
  
 
===Telerin descent===
 
===Telerin descent===
According to an alternate history of Celeborn and Galadriel in [[Unfinished Tales]], Celeborn was a [[Teler]] of noble rank in [[Alqualondë]], born '''[[Teleporno]]''',<ref>{{PM|Shibboleth}}, pp. 347, 364 (note 46)</ref> grandson of [[Olwë]], prince of [[Alqualondë]] (thus he was a kinsman of [[Thingol]] in [[Beleriand]]).<ref name="GC">{{UT|6}}</ref>
+
According to an alternate history of Celeborn and Galadriel in [[Unfinished Tales]], Celeborn was a [[Teler]] of noble rank in [[Alqualondë]],<ref name=AAm>{{MR|P2o}}, notes and corrections, §149</ref> born '''[[Teleporno]]''',<ref>{{PM|Shibboleth}}, pp. 347, 364 (note 46)</ref> grandson of [[Olwë]], prince of [[Alqualondë]] (thus he was a kinsman of [[Thingol]] in [[Beleriand]]).<ref name="GC">{{UT|Galadriel}}, eighteenth paragraph</ref><ref>{{L|347}}, answer to question 3. that ''Celeborn'' is a translation of ''Telporno'' and that he was only a kinsman of Thingol from afar off, because he came from Valinor</ref>
  
 
[[Galadriel|Artanis]], Olwë's granddaughter and a [[Noldor]]in princess of great beauty, often spent long visits to Alqualondë and her mother’s kin. During this time the two fell in love, and Teleporno gave her the romantic epithet ''[[Alatáriel]]'', meaning "Maiden Crowned with Radiant Garland".<ref name="Shib">{{PM|Shibboleth}}</ref>  
 
[[Galadriel|Artanis]], Olwë's granddaughter and a [[Noldor]]in princess of great beauty, often spent long visits to Alqualondë and her mother’s kin. During this time the two fell in love, and Teleporno gave her the romantic epithet ''[[Alatáriel]]'', meaning "Maiden Crowned with Radiant Garland".<ref name="Shib">{{PM|Shibboleth}}</ref>  
  
Later, Teleporno and Artanis helped to defend Alqualondë from the Noldor during the [[Kinslaying at Alqualondë|First Kinslaying]]. Nevertheless, Artanis’s heart was fired by the stories of [[Fëanor]] of the open lands across the [[Belegaer|sea]]. She urged Teleporno to take a ship eastward to [[Endor]], and he gave in. In doing so the two fell under the [[Ban of the Valar]].
+
Later, Teleporno and Artanis helped to defend Alqualondë from the Noldor during the [[Kinslaying at Alqualondë|First Kinslaying]].<ref name="GC"/><ref name=AAm/> Nevertheless, Artanis’s heart was fired by the stories of [[Fëanor]] of the open lands across the [[Belegaer|sea]]. She urged Teleporno to take a ship eastward to [[Endor]], and he gave in. In doing so the two fell under the [[Ban of the Valar]].
  
 
In Beleriand, Teleporno and Artanis were greeted by [[Thingol|Elu Thingol]], [[King of Doriath]]. Teleporno eventually "[[Sindarization|Sindarized]]" his name to Celeborn; Artanis Sindarinized the epithet Celeborn had given her, and Alatáriel became Galadriel.
 
In Beleriand, Teleporno and Artanis were greeted by [[Thingol|Elu Thingol]], [[King of Doriath]]. Teleporno eventually "[[Sindarization|Sindarized]]" his name to Celeborn; Artanis Sindarinized the epithet Celeborn had given her, and Alatáriel became Galadriel.
Line 90: Line 92:
 
It's unknown whether Tolkien would have revised the story or would have felt bound by published writings.
 
It's unknown whether Tolkien would have revised the story or would have felt bound by published writings.
  
Celeborn's Telerin ancestry would have made the couple first cousins. In the [[Morgoth's Ring]], it is stated that the first cousins might marry, but seldom did so, or desired to do so.<ref>{{MR|Laws}}</ref> Furthermore, in the published Silmarillion, it is stated in reference to [[Maeglin]]'s attraction to his first cousin [[Idril]] that "[[Eldar]] wedded not with kin so near."<ref>{{S|Maeglin}}</ref>
+
Celeborn's Telerin ancestry would have made the couple first cousins. In ''[[Morgoth's Ring]]'', it is stated that first cousins might marry, but seldom did so, or desired to do so.<ref>{{MR|Laws}}</ref> Furthermore, in the published Silmarillion, it is stated in reference to [[Maeglin]]'s attraction to his first cousin [[Idril]] that "[[Eldar]] wedded not with kin so near."<ref>{{S|Maeglin}}</ref>
  
 
==Etymology==
 
==Etymology==
Line 96: Line 98:
 
''Celeborn'' is a [[Sindarin]] name, consisting of ''[[celeb]]'' ("silver") + a derivative of ''[[ornā]]'' ("tall"). ''Teleporno'', his original [[Telerin]] name, has an identical meaning. The name Teleporno was "Sindarized" as ''Celeborn'': [[Telerin]] ''[[telepi|telpe]]'' ("silver") (Quenya ''[[telpe|tyelpe]]'') was transformed to Sindarin ''celeb''.<ref>{{UT|6e}}</ref> Teleporno's name gained an additional [[Quenya]] form, '''[[Telporno]]''' (pron. {{IPA|[telˈporno]}}).
 
''Celeborn'' is a [[Sindarin]] name, consisting of ''[[celeb]]'' ("silver") + a derivative of ''[[ornā]]'' ("tall"). ''Teleporno'', his original [[Telerin]] name, has an identical meaning. The name Teleporno was "Sindarized" as ''Celeborn'': [[Telerin]] ''[[telepi|telpe]]'' ("silver") (Quenya ''[[telpe|tyelpe]]'') was transformed to Sindarin ''celeb''.<ref>{{UT|6e}}</ref> Teleporno's name gained an additional [[Quenya]] form, '''[[Telporno]]''' (pron. {{IPA|[telˈporno]}}).
  
He was given the epithet "the Wise" by Galadriel in ''[[The Lord of the Rings]]''.
+
He was given the epithet "the Wise" by Galadriel.<ref>{{FR|Mirror}}, twenty-fifth paragraph</ref>
  
 
==Portrayal in adaptations==
 
==Portrayal in adaptations==
Line 116: Line 118:
 
'''1981: ''[[The Lord of the Rings (1981 radio series)|The Lord of the Rings]]'''''
 
'''1981: ''[[The Lord of the Rings (1981 radio series)|The Lord of the Rings]]'''''
 
:Celeborn was voiced by [[Simon Cadell]].  Unusually, virtually the whole dialogue Celeborn speaks in the book is utilised in the radio adaptation.   
 
:Celeborn was voiced by [[Simon Cadell]].  Unusually, virtually the whole dialogue Celeborn speaks in the book is utilised in the radio adaptation.   
 +
 +
'''1992: [[Der Herr der Ringe (1992 German radio series)|''Der Herr der Ringe'' (1992 German radio series)]]:'''
 +
:Celeborn is played by Wolfgang Hinze.
  
 
'''2001: ''[[The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring]]'':'''
 
'''2001: ''[[The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring]]'':'''
Line 127: Line 132:
  
 
'''2006: ''[[The Lord of the Rings: The Battle for Middle-earth II]]'':'''
 
'''2006: ''[[The Lord of the Rings: The Battle for Middle-earth II]]'':'''
:Celeborn only appears during the "Evil" campaign, when is he is slain by the Forces of Sauron.
+
:Celeborn only appears during the "Evil" campaign, when he is slain by the Forces of Sauron.
  
 
'''2007-: ''[[The Lord of the Rings Online]]'':'''
 
'''2007-: ''[[The Lord of the Rings Online]]'':'''
:Celeborn can be found alongside Galadriel on a main talan in [[Caras Galadhon]]. He is involved in various storylines, including negotiations with the Dwarves of the Iron Hill Garrison and organization of a military assault against [[Dol Guldur]] in [[Mirkwood]].
+
:During an extended flashback depicting the [[War of the Last Alliance]], Celeborn can be found in Echad-in-Edhil in [[Mordor]] next to [[Amroth]], Lord of [[Lorien]]. After the War's end, Celeborn spends the early years of the [[Third Age]] hunting down [[Shelob]] in [[Ephel Dúath]] and eventually is able to trap her by placing Light of [[Eärendil]] at the exits of [[Shelob's Lair]], trapping her inside for many centuries.
 +
 
 +
: During the [[War of the Ring]], Celeborn can be found next to [[Galadriel]] on a main talan in [[Caras Galadhon]], from where he negotiates with the Dwarves of the Iron Garrison, sends the player to combat the ancient evil in the depths of [[Moria]] and organizes a military assault against [[Dol Guldur]] in [[Mirkwood]]. After the fall of the Dark Tower, Celeborn meets with [[Thranduil]] to rename Mirkwood [[Eryn Lasgalen]] and give the middle section of it to the [[Woodmen]]. Celeborn and Galadriel then travel to [[Minas Tirith]] to attend the Great Wedding of [[Aragorn]] and [[Arwen]], after which Celeborn ventures into the [[Morgul Vale]] once again to finish [[Shelob]] for good and leads a group including [[Legolas]], [[Mablung (ranger of Ithilien)|Mablung]] and the player inside her Lair, Torech Ungol.
  
 
{{references|notes}}
 
{{references|notes}}
Line 136: Line 143:
 
[[Category:Characters in The Silmarillion]]
 
[[Category:Characters in The Silmarillion]]
 
[[Category:Falmari]]
 
[[Category:Falmari]]
[[Category:Sindar]]
 
 
[[Category:First Age characters]]
 
[[Category:First Age characters]]
[[Category:Second Age characters]]
 
[[Category:Third Age characters]]
 
 
[[Category:Fourth Age characters]]
 
[[Category:Fourth Age characters]]
 +
[[Category:Rulers in Middle-earth]]
 +
[[Category:Second Age characters]]
 +
[[Category:Sindar]]
 
[[Category:Sindarin names]]
 
[[Category:Sindarin names]]
 +
[[Category:Third Age characters]]
 
[[de:Celeborn (Elb)]]
 
[[de:Celeborn (Elb)]]
 
[[fr:encyclo:personnages:elfes:teleri:sindar:celeborn]]
 
[[fr:encyclo:personnages:elfes:teleri:sindar:celeborn]]
 
[[fi:Celeborn]]
 
[[fi:Celeborn]]

Revision as of 21:00, 22 October 2021

"Who told you, and who sent you?" — Gandalf
This article or section needs more/new/more-detailed sources to conform to a higher standard and to provide proof for claims made.
This article is about the Lord of Lórien. For the the Tree, see Celeborn (White Tree).
Celeborn
Sinda
Ebe Kastein - Celeborn.jpg
"Celeborn" by Ebe Kastein
Biographical Information
PronunciationS, [ˈkeleborn]
Other namesTeleporno (T)
TitlesLord of the Galadhrim, Lord of Lórien, The Wise
LocationDoriath, Harlindon, Eriador, Eregion, Imladris, Belfalas, Lothlórien, East Lórien
LanguageSindarin, Westron
BirthSee below
RuleFrom T.A. 1981
Sailed westOn the Last Ship[1][2]
Grey Havens
Family
HouseA member of the royal house of Doriath
ParentageGaladhon
SiblingsGalathil
SpouseGaladriel
ChildrenCelebrían
Physical Description
GenderMale
Height6 feet 4 inches (193cm)[note 1]
Hair colorSilver, long[3]
GalleryImages of Celeborn

Celeborn was one of the noblest of the Sindar[4][5] — who wedded the Lady Galadriel of the House of Finarfin and with her, he remained in Middle-earth after the end of the First Age.

Contents

History

Early life

Love at First Sight by Līga Kļaviņa

Celeborn was a Sindarin prince of Doriath,[6] being the grandson of Elmo, the brother of Thingol; thus, he was the grand-nephew of the King of Doriath.[7]

In the early First Age, Finrod and Galadriel came to Doriath as guests of Thingol. There, Celeborn and Galadriel met, fell in love, and were soon wedded. Galadriel remained in Doriath with Celeborn after Finrod went to the Caverns of Narog to establish the stronghold of Nargothrond.[6]

For the rest of the First Age, Celeborn and Galadriel are not mentioned to have played any significant role in the general course of events of the Age, while their relatives, both Sindar and Noldor, did. By the Fall of Nargothrond in F.A. 495, Galadriel passed over the Blue Mountains so it seems likely that Celeborn followed her although this is not known for certain.[8]

Second Age

After the fall of Beleriand, Celeborn and Galadriel lived in Lindon for some time. Celeborn ruled the fief of Harlindon, which was composed mostly of Sindar, under High King Gil-galad.[9]

Galadriel and Celeborn crossed into Eriador with many Noldor, Sindar, and Green-elves in their following. For a while, they dwelt in the country about Lake Nenuial, ruling the Eldar in Eriador, including the wandering companies of the native Nandor. Probably around S.A. 300, a daughter was born to Galadriel and Celeborn, named Celebrían.[5] They departed for Eregion and arrived there by S.A. 750.[7][10] It was ruled by Celebrimbor, grandson of Fëanor and the distant half-cousin of Galadriel.

It was only sometime between S.A. 1350 and 1400[7] that Galadriel crossed the Hithaeglir through Khazad-dûm and relocated there with their daughter Celebrían, becoming great among the Wood-elves.[7] Celeborn decided to stay in Eregion due to his enmity towards the Dwarves.[7] It is said that Celeborn fought in the Sack of Eregion leading the remnants of Eregion out of the battle. He and Elrond narrowly escaped to a dell, where the latter founded Rivendell.[7]

After the War of the Elves and Sauron, Galadriel passed again through Moria with Celebrían and came to Imladris, seeking Celeborn.[7] There she found him, and there they dwelt together for a long time.[7] Some time later, Galadriel and Celeborn departed from Imladris and went to the little-inhabited lands between the mouth of the Gwathló and Ethir Anduin.[7] There they dwelt in Belfalas, at the place that was afterwards called Dol Amroth; and their company was swelled by Silvan Elves from Lórinand.[7]

Third Age

"The Swan-Boat of Galadriel" by Rowena Morrill

After long journeys in Rhovanion, from Gondor and the borders of Mordor to Thranduil in the north, Celeborn and Galadriel passed over the mountains to Imladris, and there dwelt for many years.[11] It was there, in T.A. 109[12], that his daughter Celebrían wedded Elrond Half-elven of Rivendell.

When Amroth, the King of Lórien, perished in T.A. 1981, Celeborn and Galadriel took up the rule of Lindórinand jointly, and were called the Lord and Lady of Lothlórien, the new name for Lindórinand, and together, they built Caras Galadhon.

During the War of the Ring in T.A. 3019, Lothlórien received the Fellowship of the Ring, composed of various travellers on the quest to destroy the One Ring. He offered advice and boats for the Anduin, sending them on their way. After the Galadhrim repelled the forces of Dol Guldur three times, Celeborn the forces of the Galadhrim across the Anduin and took the fortress. Galadriel threw down its walls and purified the forest.[13][14]

On 6 April,[14] that was the Elven day of New Year, Thranduil met with Celeborn in the midst of Mirkwood and renamed it Eryn Lasgalen, "The Wood of the Green Leaves". With the forest now cleansed, it was divided among the Elves and Men; Celeborn took all the forest south of the Narrows and established East Lórien.[13]

Celeborn attended the wedding of Aragorn II Elessar and his granddaughter Arwen, and on the journey to return, he bade a fond farewell to Treebeard as well. He and Galadriel escorted Gandalf and the Hobbits until the Mountains of Moria, and on 13 September they turned to return to Lothlórien.[14]

Later history

After Galadriel's departure, it is believed that Celeborn relocated to Rivendell to reside with Elladan, Elrohir, and some of the Noldor, having also grown weary of East Lórien.[1][13]

At some unknown date, he sought the Grey Havens and sailed west aboard Last Ship with his mighty kinsman Cirdan the Shipwright, but when he did so, he took with him the last memory of the Elder Days in Middle-earth.[1]

Other versions of the legendarium

Before the summer of 1950 in an earlier version of the Appendix on Languages it was mentioned that the native language of Celeborn was Telerian, the native language of the Teleri who remaind behind in the north-west of Middle-earth, of the Elves of Lorien and of the elf-kingdom in Northern Mirkwood of Thranduil, and that in the household of Galadriel also Noldorin was spoken, because she was a Noldor.[15] It thus appears that Celeborn was a wood-elf in this earlier version. In a later version F4 of the Appendix on Languages following a major revision of 1951, it is first mentioned that Celeborn was a Sindar (Grey-elf) and that most of the people of Lorien were of a woodland race.[16] The text in the final version of the The Lord of the Rings only mentions that Celeborn was a kinsman of Thingol[17][18]. The Lord of the Rings does not mention the ancestry of Celeborn and if he was a Sindar or a Teleri from Valinor. The text in the The Silmarillion also only mentions that Celeborn was a kinsman of Thingol and that Galadriel stayed in Doriath, because Celeborn lived there and did not accompany her brother Finrod to Nargothrond[6], and that Celeborn was a prince of Doriath[19] and calls him Celeborn of Doriath.[20][21] The Silmarillion leaves the ancestry of Celeborn open, does not mention if he was a Sindar or Teleri from Valinor and only implies that Galadriel met Celeborn in Doriath.

In a table with the descendants of Thingol from December 1959 Thingol's younger brother Elmo has a son Galadhon who has two sons, Celeborn and Galathil and a daughter, Nimloth. But on the same table Nimloth also appears as the daughter of Galathil. It looks as if the second thought of J.R.R. Tolkien was that Nimloth was the daughter of Galathil and the niece of Celeborn.[22] The genealogy according to this second thought was included in Unfinished Tales.[23] Celeborn is thus the greatnephew of Thingol in that table.

Only a note in The Road Goes Ever On, which was published in 1967 during J.R.R. Tolkien's lifetime, mentions that Celeborn was a Sindar.[4]

Telerin descent

According to an alternate history of Celeborn and Galadriel in Unfinished Tales, Celeborn was a Teler of noble rank in Alqualondë,[24] born Teleporno,[25] grandson of Olwë, prince of Alqualondë (thus he was a kinsman of Thingol in Beleriand).[26][27]

Artanis, Olwë's granddaughter and a Noldorin princess of great beauty, often spent long visits to Alqualondë and her mother’s kin. During this time the two fell in love, and Teleporno gave her the romantic epithet Alatáriel, meaning "Maiden Crowned with Radiant Garland".[28]

Later, Teleporno and Artanis helped to defend Alqualondë from the Noldor during the First Kinslaying.[26][24] Nevertheless, Artanis’s heart was fired by the stories of Fëanor of the open lands across the sea. She urged Teleporno to take a ship eastward to Endor, and he gave in. In doing so the two fell under the Ban of the Valar.

In Beleriand, Teleporno and Artanis were greeted by Elu Thingol, King of Doriath. Teleporno eventually "Sindarized" his name to Celeborn; Artanis Sindarinized the epithet Celeborn had given her, and Alatáriel became Galadriel.

Controversy

On the other hand, the making of Celeborn into a Telerin Elf of Aman contradicts not only statements in The Silmarillion, but also those cited already from The Road Goes Ever On and Appendix B to The Lord of the Rings”
Christopher Tolkien, "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn"

Celeborn as a Telerin prince seems a late development. This altered origin was not adopted into the published Silmarillion, primarily because it contradicted published canon, and was not incorporated in Tolkien's drafts of the earlier parts, and therefore would have necessitated a major rewrite by Christopher Tolkien and Guy Gavriel Kay to account for a separate departure of Galadriel.

It's unknown whether Tolkien would have revised the story or would have felt bound by published writings.

Celeborn's Telerin ancestry would have made the couple first cousins. In Morgoth's Ring, it is stated that first cousins might marry, but seldom did so, or desired to do so.[29] Furthermore, in the published Silmarillion, it is stated in reference to Maeglin's attraction to his first cousin Idril that "Eldar wedded not with kin so near."[30]

Etymology

Celeborn is a Sindarin name, consisting of celeb ("silver") + a derivative of ornā ("tall"). Teleporno, his original Telerin name, has an identical meaning. The name Teleporno was "Sindarized" as Celeborn: Telerin telpe ("silver") (Quenya tyelpe) was transformed to Sindarin celeb.[31] Teleporno's name gained an additional Quenya form, Telporno (pron. [telˈporno]).

He was given the epithet "the Wise" by Galadriel.[32]

Portrayal in adaptations

Celeborn in adaptations

1978: The Lord of the Rings:

Celeborn only has a brief, role and speaks only one line. He appeared beside Galadriel for a brief shot.

1981: The Lord of the Rings

Celeborn was voiced by Simon Cadell. Unusually, virtually the whole dialogue Celeborn speaks in the book is utilised in the radio adaptation.

1992: Der Herr der Ringe (1992 German radio series):

Celeborn is played by Wolfgang Hinze.

2001: The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring:

Celeborn is played by Marton Csokas. The role was extremely small in the theatrical version, but expanded slightly in the Extended Edition of The Fellowship of the Ring. In that version, he participates in giving gifts to the Fellowship as they are leaving Lórien. Notably, he gives Aragorn a dagger and warns him of the dangers the Fellowship will face while sailing down the Anduin.

2002: The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (video game):

Celeborn makes a brief appearance in Lothlorien.

2003: The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King:

Celeborn leaves for Valinor with Galadriel and the other Ringbearers, rather than remaining behind as in the book.

2006: The Lord of the Rings: The Battle for Middle-earth II:

Celeborn only appears during the "Evil" campaign, when he is slain by the Forces of Sauron.

2007-: The Lord of the Rings Online:

During an extended flashback depicting the War of the Last Alliance, Celeborn can be found in Echad-in-Edhil in Mordor next to Amroth, Lord of Lorien. After the War's end, Celeborn spends the early years of the Third Age hunting down Shelob in Ephel Dúath and eventually is able to trap her by placing Light of Eärendil at the exits of Shelob's Lair, trapping her inside for many centuries.
During the War of the Ring, Celeborn can be found next to Galadriel on a main talan in Caras Galadhon, from where he negotiates with the Dwarves of the Iron Garrison, sends the player to combat the ancient evil in the depths of Moria and organizes a military assault against Dol Guldur in Mirkwood. After the fall of the Dark Tower, Celeborn meets with Thranduil to rename Mirkwood Eryn Lasgalen and give the middle section of it to the Woodmen. Celeborn and Galadriel then travel to Minas Tirith to attend the Great Wedding of Aragorn and Arwen, after which Celeborn ventures into the Morgul Vale once again to finish Shelob for good and leads a group including Legolas, Mablung and the player inside her Lair, Torech Ungol.

Notes

  1. In the chapter "The Mirror of Galadriel", the heights of Galadriel and Celeborn are described: "Very tall they were, and the Lady no less tall than the Lord". Galadriel's height of 6'4 comes from "Appendix: Númenórean Linear Measures" to "The Disaster of the Gladden Fields" in Unfinished Tales.

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, "Prologue"
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "Eriador, Arnor, and the Heirs of Isildur"
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, "The Mirror of Galadriel"
  4. 4.0 4.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, "Notes and Translations", in The Road Goes Ever On (J.R.R. Tolkien, Donald Swann), p. 60
  5. 5.0 5.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Carl F. Hostetter (ed.), The Nature of Middle-earth, "Part One. Time and Ageing: IX. Time-scales and Rates of Growth", p. 65
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Return of the Noldor"
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 7.7 7.8 7.9 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn", "Concerning Galadriel and Celeborn"
  8. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, "The Mirror of Galadriel"
  9. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "Of Dwarves and Men"
  10. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Notes and Translations", in The Road Goes Ever On (J.R.R. Tolkien, Donald Swann)
  11. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn", "Amroth and Nimrodel"
  12. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Third Age"
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Great Years"
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Chief Days from the Fall of Barad-dûr to the End of the Third Age"
  15. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "II. The Appendix on Languages", manuscript F 2, §18, p. 36 and §3 - §5, commentary §18, pp. 65-66
  16. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "II. The Appendix on Languages", typescript F4
  17. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Second Age", second paragraph
  18. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix F, "The Languages and Peoples of the Third Age", "Of the Elves" third paragraph mentioning that the Exiles had adopted Sindarin and that Galadriel was the noblest of all
  19. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Ruin of Doriath"
  20. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Voyage of Eärendil and the War of Wrath"
  21. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Of the Rings of Power and the Third Age"
  22. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "Part Three. The Wanderings of Húrin and Other Writings not forming part of the Quenta Silmarillion: V. The Tale of Years", stage 'D', p. 257
  23. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn", last paragraph before the section Concerning Galadriel and Celeborn, p. 233
  24. 24.0 24.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Morgoth's Ring, "Part Two. The Annals of Aman: Commentary on the fifth section of the Annals of Aman", notes and corrections, §149
  25. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "XI. The Shibboleth of Fëanor", pp. 347, 364 (note 46)
  26. 26.0 26.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn", eighteenth paragraph
  27. J.R.R. Tolkien; Humphrey Carpenter, Christopher Tolkien (eds.), The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien, Letter 347, (dated 17 December 1972), answer to question 3. that Celeborn is a translation of Telporno and that he was only a kinsman of Thingol from afar off, because he came from Valinor
  28. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "XI. The Shibboleth of Fëanor"
  29. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Morgoth's Ring, "Part Three. The Later Quenta Silmarillion: (II) The Second Phase: Laws and Customs among the Eldar"
  30. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of Maeglin"
  31. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn", "Appendix E: The Names of Celeborn and Galadriel"
  32. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, "The Mirror of Galadriel", twenty-fifth paragraph