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Cirith Ungol

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==History==
 
==History==
The pass was first called '''''Cirith Dúath''''' ("Shadow Cleft"). It was used during the [[War of the Last Alliance]], when [[Isildur]] sent his sons Aratan and Ciryon to [[Minas Ithil]] to prevent the forces of Sauron from passing through the pass.<ref>{{UT|7a}}, pp. 279-280, note 11</ref> After the War, upon Cirith Dúath was built a tower, later called [[Tower of Cirith Ungol]], set by the [[Men of Gondor]] as an eastern outpost of the defences of [[Ithilien]] to keep enemies in Mordor.<ref name=Tower/>  
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The pass was first called '''''Cirith Dúath''''' ("Shadow Cleft"). This name was used during the [[War of the Last Alliance]], when [[Isildur]] sent his sons Aratan and Ciryon to [[Minas Ithil]] to prevent the forces of Sauron from escaping through the pass.<ref>{{UT|7a}}, note 11</ref> After the War, the [[Men of Gondor]] built a tower, which was later called [[Tower of Cirith Ungol]], at the eastern end of Cirith Dúath as an eastern outpost of the defences of [[Ithilien]] to keep enemies in Mordor.<ref name=Tower/>  
  
The pass was located in a cleft on the slope of the mountain on the left side of the [[Morgul Pass]]. It could be reached by climbing the [[Stairs of Cirith Ungol]] at the beginning of the [[Morgul Vale]],<ref name=Stairs>{{TT|Stairs}}</ref> passing through a tunnel,<ref name=Lair>{{TT|Lair}}</ref> and taking a long flight of broad, shallow steps to the cleft<ref name=Choices>{{TT|Choices}}</ref> with the crown of the pass after which the road turned left and plunged steeply down.<ref name=Tower>{{RK|Tower}}</ref>
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The pass was located in a cleft on the slope of the mountain on the left side of the [[Morgul Pass]]. It could be reached by climbing the [[Stairs of Cirith Ungol]] at the beginning of the [[Morgul Vale]],<ref name=Stairs>{{TT|Stairs}}</ref> passing through a tunnel,<ref name=Lair>{{TT|Lair}}</ref> and taking a long flight of broad, shallow steps to the cleft<ref name=Choices>{{TT|Choices}}</ref> with the crown of the pass after which the road turned left and plunged steeply down to the Tower of Cirith Ungol.<ref name=Tower>{{RK|Tower}}</ref>
  
 
The pass of Cirith Ungol was probably named after the giant [[spiders|spider]] [[Shelob]], who dwelt there.<ref>{{RK|Index}}, "Cirith Ungol [Pass of the Spider]"</ref> It was also referred to as the "high pass".<ref>{{TT|Gate}}</ref><ref>{{TT|Pool}}</ref><ref Name=Choices/>
 
The pass of Cirith Ungol was probably named after the giant [[spiders|spider]] [[Shelob]], who dwelt there.<ref>{{RK|Index}}, "Cirith Ungol [Pass of the Spider]"</ref> It was also referred to as the "high pass".<ref>{{TT|Gate}}</ref><ref>{{TT|Pool}}</ref><ref Name=Choices/>

Revision as of 13:30, 29 March 2021

The name Cirith Ungol refers to more than one character, item or concept. For a list of other meanings, see Cirith Ungol (disambiguation).
Cirith Ungol
Pass
Rob Alexander - Cirith Ungol.jpg
"Cirith Ungol" by Rob Alexander
General Information
PronunciationS, [ˈkiriθ ˈuŋɡol]
LocationEphel Dúath
TypePass
People and History
InhabitantsMen, Orcs, Shelob
EventsQuest of the Ring
GalleryImages of Cirith Ungol

Cirith Ungol was a pass through the Ephel Dúath that led into Mordor.

History

The pass was first called Cirith Dúath ("Shadow Cleft"). This name was used during the War of the Last Alliance, when Isildur sent his sons Aratan and Ciryon to Minas Ithil to prevent the forces of Sauron from escaping through the pass.[1] After the War, the Men of Gondor built a tower, which was later called Tower of Cirith Ungol, at the eastern end of Cirith Dúath as an eastern outpost of the defences of Ithilien to keep enemies in Mordor.[2]

The pass was located in a cleft on the slope of the mountain on the left side of the Morgul Pass. It could be reached by climbing the Stairs of Cirith Ungol at the beginning of the Morgul Vale,[3] passing through a tunnel,[4] and taking a long flight of broad, shallow steps to the cleft[5] with the crown of the pass after which the road turned left and plunged steeply down to the Tower of Cirith Ungol.[2]

The pass of Cirith Ungol was probably named after the giant spider Shelob, who dwelt there.[6] It was also referred to as the "high pass".[7][8][5]

During the War of the Ring, in March T.A. 3019, Gollum led Frodo Baggins and Samwise Gamgee up the Stairs of Cirith Ungol,[3] into Shelob's lair.[4]

Etymology

Cirith Ungol is Sindarin for "Cleft of the Spider", composed of cirith and ungol.[9]

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The Disaster of the Gladden Fields", "Notes", note 11
  2. 2.0 2.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, "The Tower of Cirith Ungol"
  3. 3.0 3.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Two Towers, "The Stairs of Cirith Ungol"
  4. 4.0 4.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Two Towers, "Shelob's Lair"
  5. 5.0 5.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Two Towers, "The Choices of Master Samwise"
  6. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, "Index", "Cirith Ungol [Pass of the Spider]"
  7. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Two Towers, "The Black Gate is Closed"
  8. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Two Towers, "The Forbidden Pool"
  9. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Nomenclature of The Lord of the Rings" in Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull (eds), The Lord of the Rings: A Reader's Companion, p. 767