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Mount Doom

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{{location infobox
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| name=Mount Doom
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| image=[[File:Ted Nasmith - Across Gorgoroth.jpg|250px]]
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| caption="Across Gorgoroth" by [[Ted Nasmith]]
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| pronun=[[Sindarin|S]], {{IPA|[oˈrodruɪn]}}
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| othernames=''Orodruin'', ''Amon Amarth'' ([Sindarin|S]])
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| location=[[Mordor]]
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| type=Mountain
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| description=
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| regions=
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| towns=
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| inhabitants=
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| created=
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| destroyed=
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| events=Forging and destruction of [[the One Ring]]
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}}
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'''Mount Doom''', or '''Orodruin''', was a volcano in [[Mordor]].
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==History==
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[[Melkor]] created Mount Doom in the [[First Age]], and the name "''Mordor''" may have been given to the surrounding land before Sauron settled there because of its eruptions.<ref>{{PM|Last}}, p. 390 (note 14).</ref> When [[Sauron]] chose the land of [[Mordor]] as his dwelling-place in the [[Second Age]], Orodruin was the reason for his choice. He "''used the fire that welled there from the heart of the earth in his sorceries and his forging.''"  The most famous result of his forging, and in fact the only one we know of for sure, was the One Ring.
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The mountain erupted in {{SA|3429}}, signalling Sauron's attack to [[Gondor]] and it took the name [[Amon Amarth]], "Mount Doom".
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In {{TA|2954}}, Mount Doom reawakened and the last inhabitants of [[Ithilien]] terrified fled over [[Anduin]].<ref>{{App|B}}</ref> From then on it erupted sporadically until the end of the Age.
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The [[Fellowship of the Ring]]'s [[Quest for the Ring|quest]] in the [[War of the Ring]] was to destroy the Ring at Mount Doom.
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==Description==
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[[File:Ted Nasmith - At the Foot of Mount Doom.jpg|thumb|left|''At the Foot of Mount Doom'' by [[Ted Nasmith]]]]
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It stood alone in an empty plain, the [[Plateau of Gorgoroth]] and was connected to the [[Barad-dûr|Dark Tower]] with [[Sauron's Road]], rising about 4500 feet with its base about 3000 feet tall.<ref>[[Robert Foster]], ''[[The Complete Guide to Middle-earth]]'', entry "Orodruin"</ref><ref name=K/> The Road approached the east side of the base at a causeway and then wound up like a snake; at that point the Road seemed damaged by the lava and re-repaired several times.<ref name=K>[[Karen Wynn Fonstad]], ''[[The Atlas of Middle-earth]]'', p. 146</ref>
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Inside its cone, were the [[Cracks of Doom|Sammath Naur]] leading to the Crack of Doom, a fiery chasm where [[the One Ring]] was forged.
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==Etymology==
 
{{pronounce|Sindarin - Orodruin.mp3|Gilgamesh}}
 
{{pronounce|Sindarin - Orodruin.mp3|Gilgamesh}}
'''Mount Doom''', or '''Orodruin''' ([[Sindarin|S]], pron. {{IPA|[oˈrodruɪn]}} in three syllables), is a volcano in [[Mordor]] where the [[One Ring]] was forged in the [[Crack of Doom]], a fiery chasm within the mountain. [[Frodo Baggins|Frodo]]'s quest to destroy the Ring at Mount Doom occupies the bulk of ''[[The Lord of the Rings]]''.
 
  
''Orodruin'' is [[Sindarin]] for "Fire Mountain". The Sindarin equivalent of ''Mount Doom'' is ''[[Amon Amarth]]'', meaning "Mountain of Fate".
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''Mount Doom'' is the [[Westron|Common Speech]] translation of '''''Amon Amarth''''' in [[Gondor]],<ref name="Nomen"/> from ''[[amon]]'' ("hill") and ''[[amarth]]'' ("fate, doom")<ref>{{S|Elements}}, entries ''[[amon]]'', ''[[amarth]]''</ref>.
  
When Sauron chose the land of [[Mordor]] as his dwelling-place in the [[Second Age]], Orodruin was the reason for his choice. He 'used the fire that welled there from the heart of the earth in his sorceries and his forging.'  The most famous result of his forging, and in fact the only one we know of for sure, was the One Ring.
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The name was given because the volcano was linked in ancient and little-understood prophecies with the final end of the [[Third Age]], when [[the One Ring]] was found again.<ref name="Nomen">{{HM|N}}, pp. 768-9</ref>
  
Orodruin was far more than a natural volcano - Sauron seems to have extended his own power into it, and was able to control its fires. It seems to have lain dormant when [[Sauron]] was away from Mordor, and sprung into life when his power grew.
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Its original [[Sindarin]] name was '''''Orodruin''''', glossed as "burning mountain"<ref>{{App|F2}}</ref> and "mountain of the red flame".<ref>{{HM|N}}, p. 769</ref> The name likely consists of ''[[ered|orod]]'' ("mountain") + ''[[ruin]]'' ("fiery red").<ref>[http://www.tolkiendil.com/langues/english/i-lam_arth/compound_sindarin_names Compound Sindarin Names in Middle-earth] at [http://www.tolkiendil.com Tolkiendil.com] (accessed 14 July 2011)</ref>
  
==Portrayal in Adaptations==
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==Theories==
'''2001-3: ''[[Peter Jackson's The Lord of the Rings]]'':'''
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According to [[Karen Fonstad]], the Mount Doom was obviously a [[Wikipedia:stratovolcano|stratovolcano]], composited by alternating layers of ash and lava. Towering at only 4500ft, it was relatively short.<ref name=K/>
:Mount [[Ngauruhoe]] was used as Mount Doom in some scenes. In long shots the mountain is either a large model or a CGI effect, or a combination. It was not permitted to film the summit of Ngauruhoe because it is sacred to the Maori of the region. However, some scenes which showed the slopes of Mount Doom were filmed on the actual slopes of Mt. [[Ruapehu]].
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[[Category:Mountains]]
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==Portrayal in adaptations==
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'''2001-03: [[The Lord of the Rings (film series)|''The Lord of the Rings'' (film series)]]:'''
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:[[Wikipedia:Mount Ngauruhoe|Mount Ngauruhoe]] was used as Mount Doom in some scenes. In long shots the mountain is either a large model or a CGI effect, or a combination. It was not permitted to film the summit of Ngauruhoe because it is sacred to the Maori of the region. However, some scenes which showed the slopes of Mount Doom were filmed on the actual slopes of [[Wikipedia:Mount Ruapehu|Mount Ruapehu]].
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{{references}}
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{{FellowshipRoute}}
 
[[Category:Mordor]]
 
[[Category:Mordor]]
 
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[[Category:Mountains]]
 
[[de:Schicksalsberg]]
 
[[de:Schicksalsberg]]
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[[fr:encyclo/geographie/reliefs/mordor/orodruin]]
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[[fi:Tuomiovuori]]

Latest revision as of 10:13, 10 February 2021

"...It is a long tale..." — Aragorn
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Mount Doom
Mountain
Ted Nasmith - Across Gorgoroth.jpg
"Across Gorgoroth" by Ted Nasmith
General Information
PronunciationS, [oˈrodruɪn]
Other namesOrodruin, Amon Amarth ([Sindarin
LocationMordor
TypeMountain
History
EventsForging and destruction of the One Ring
GalleryImages of Mount Doom

Mount Doom, or Orodruin, was a volcano in Mordor.

Contents

[edit] History

Melkor created Mount Doom in the First Age, and the name "Mordor" may have been given to the surrounding land before Sauron settled there because of its eruptions.[1] When Sauron chose the land of Mordor as his dwelling-place in the Second Age, Orodruin was the reason for his choice. He "used the fire that welled there from the heart of the earth in his sorceries and his forging." The most famous result of his forging, and in fact the only one we know of for sure, was the One Ring.

The mountain erupted in S.A. 3429, signalling Sauron's attack to Gondor and it took the name Amon Amarth, "Mount Doom".

In T.A. 2954, Mount Doom reawakened and the last inhabitants of Ithilien terrified fled over Anduin.[2] From then on it erupted sporadically until the end of the Age.

The Fellowship of the Ring's quest in the War of the Ring was to destroy the Ring at Mount Doom.

[edit] Description

At the Foot of Mount Doom by Ted Nasmith

It stood alone in an empty plain, the Plateau of Gorgoroth and was connected to the Dark Tower with Sauron's Road, rising about 4500 feet with its base about 3000 feet tall.[3][4] The Road approached the east side of the base at a causeway and then wound up like a snake; at that point the Road seemed damaged by the lava and re-repaired several times.[4]

Inside its cone, were the Sammath Naur leading to the Crack of Doom, a fiery chasm where the One Ring was forged.

[edit] Etymology

Mount Doom is the Common Speech translation of Amon Amarth in Gondor,[5] from amon ("hill") and amarth ("fate, doom")[6].

The name was given because the volcano was linked in ancient and little-understood prophecies with the final end of the Third Age, when the One Ring was found again.[5]

Its original Sindarin name was Orodruin, glossed as "burning mountain"[7] and "mountain of the red flame".[8] The name likely consists of orod ("mountain") + ruin ("fiery red").[9]

[edit] Theories

According to Karen Fonstad, the Mount Doom was obviously a stratovolcano, composited by alternating layers of ash and lava. Towering at only 4500ft, it was relatively short.[4]

[edit] Portrayal in adaptations

2001-03: The Lord of the Rings (film series):

Mount Ngauruhoe was used as Mount Doom in some scenes. In long shots the mountain is either a large model or a CGI effect, or a combination. It was not permitted to film the summit of Ngauruhoe because it is sacred to the Maori of the region. However, some scenes which showed the slopes of Mount Doom were filmed on the actual slopes of Mount Ruapehu.

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "XIII. Last Writings", p. 390 (note 14).
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B
  3. Robert Foster, The Complete Guide to Middle-earth, entry "Orodruin"
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Karen Wynn Fonstad, The Atlas of Middle-earth, p. 146
  5. 5.0 5.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, "Nomenclature of The Lord of the Rings" in Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull (eds), The Lord of the Rings: A Reader's Companion, pp. 768-9
  6. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Appendix: Elements in Quenya and Sindarin Names", entries amon, amarth
  7. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix F, "On Translation"
  8. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Nomenclature of The Lord of the Rings" in Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull (eds), The Lord of the Rings: A Reader's Companion, p. 769
  9. Compound Sindarin Names in Middle-earth at Tolkiendil.com (accessed 14 July 2011)