Tolkien Gateway

Reunited Kingdom

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| othernames=
| othernames=
| location=[[Arnor]] and [[Gondor]]
| location=[[Arnor]] and [[Gondor]]
| capital=[[Annúminas]] (Arnor)/[[Minas Tirith]] (Gondor)
| capital=[[Annúminas]] (Arnor)<br>[[Minas Tirith]] (Gondor)
| towns=
| towns='''Arnor'''<br>[[Lond Daer]], [[Tharbad]], [[Bree]], [[Fornost Erain]]<br>'''Gondor'''<br>[[Pelargir]], [[Calembel]], [[Dol Amroth]], [[Erech]], [[Linhir]]
| regions=
| regions='''Arnor'''<br>[[Arthedain]], [[Cardolan]], [[Rhudaur]]<br>'''Gondor'''<br>[[Anórien]], [[Ithilien]], [[Lossarnach]], [[Lebennin]], [[Belfalas]], [[Dor-en-Ernil]], [[Lamedon]], [[Anfalas]]
| population=[[Men]], [[Hobbits]]
| population=[[Arnorians]]<br>[[Gondorians]]<br>[[Middle Men]]<br>Few [[Hobbits]]
| language=[[Westron]], [[Gondor Sindarin]]
| language=[[Westron]], [[Gondor Sindarin]], [[Sindarin]], [[Quenya]], [[Hobbitish]]
| govern1=[[High King of the Dúnedain|High King]]
| govern1=[[High King of the Dúnedain|High King]]
| govern2=[[Council of Gondor]]<ref>{{L|244}}</ref>
| govern2=[[Council of Gondor]]<ref>{{L|244}}</ref>

Revision as of 23:27, 30 August 2018

"Who told you, and who sent you?" — Gandalf
This article or section needs more/new/more-detailed sources to conform to a higher standard and to provide proof for claims made.
Sage - Reunited Kingdom.png
The Reunited Kingdom
General information
LocationArnor and Gondor
CapitalAnnúminas (Arnor)
Minas Tirith (Gondor)
Major townsArnor
Lond Daer, Tharbad, Bree, Fornost Erain
Pelargir, Calembel, Dol Amroth, Erech, Linhir
Arthedain, Cardolan, Rhudaur
Anórien, Ithilien, Lossarnach, Lebennin, Belfalas, Dor-en-Ernil, Lamedon, Anfalas
Middle Men
Few Hobbits
LanguageWestron, Gondor Sindarin, Sindarin, Quenya, Hobbitish
GovernanceHigh King
Council of Gondor[1]
Currencytharni, castar[2]
Preceded byGondor, Arnor
EstablishedT.A. 3019

The Reunited Kingdom (also called the Two Kingdoms[3]) was the restored kingdom of Arnor and Gondor, the twin kingdoms founded at the end of the Second Age by Elendil and his sons Isildur and Anárion. In the beginning, Elendil was High King of both realms, but the two were divided after the deaths of his sons. Over 3,000 years later Aragorn Elessar reunited the kingdoms and ruled as High King of the Reunited Kingdom.

The fate of the kingdoms, especially that of Gondor, would come to dominate the history of the Third Age.



At the end of the Second Age, Elendil and his sons established two great kingdoms in Middle-earth: Arnor in the north and Gondor in the south. These Kingdoms of the Dúnedain were united under a single High King, Elendil himself, who ruled the North-kingdom while his sons reigned jointly over the South-kingdom of Gondor.

In the first years of the Third Age, this union failed. After the loss of Isildur at the Disaster of the Gladden Fields, his nephew Meneldil took up the kingship of Gondor, and that country remained independent from the North-kingdom through most of the Third Age.


In the north, the realm of Arnor fell into troubled times. It broke into three separate kingdoms, and in time these too were lost, so that the Dúnedain of the North-kingdom of Elendil were reduced to a wandering people led by a Chieftain. Nonetheless, they were able to maintain Isildur's line in unbroken descent.

However this failed in Gondor, and Eärnur was lost without heirs. Its rule was taken up by the Stewards.

There were two attempts to reunite the kingdoms. The first of these occurred in III 1944, when Arvedui of Arthedain claimed the High Kingship of the Two Kingdoms. His claim was rejected by Steward Pelendur and the Council of Gondor, who elected to maintain their independence.


More than a thousand years later, after the War of the Ring, Arvedui's direct descendant Aragorn came forward to make the same claim. This time, the people of Gondor accepted a High King, and the Two Kingdoms were reunited at last.

Aragorn ruled from Minas Tirith, but he travelled throughout his wide lands. He rebuilt Annuminas and when he went north would rule from there. The Shire was an exception to this, and though it lay within the Reunited Kingdom, Aragorn made a law that Men should not enter it, a law that he observed himself. After Aragorn's death, his son Eldarion took up the High Kingship, and the Reunited Kingdom endured for many years under the new King and his descendants.


  1. J.R.R. Tolkien; Humphrey Carpenter, Christopher Tolkien (eds.), The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien, Letter 244, (undated, written circa 1963)
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "II. The Appendix on Languages"
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, "The Rivers and Beacon-hills of Gondor" (edited by Carl F. Hostetter), in Vinyar Tengwar, Number 42, July 2001, p. 6