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Reunited Kingdom

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{{kingdom
 
{{kingdom
 
| image=[[File:Sage - Reunited Kingdom.png|250px]]
 
| image=[[File:Sage - Reunited Kingdom.png|250px]]
| name=The Reunited Kingdom
+
| name=Reunited Kingdom
 
| pronun=
 
| pronun=
 
| othernames=
 
| othernames=
| location=[[Arnor]] and [[Gondor]]
+
| location=[[Arnor]] and [[Gondor]]<ref name="Appendix A">{{App|Mark}}, Third Line</ref>
| capital=[[Annúminas]] (Arnor)/[[Minas Tirith]] (Gondor)
+
| capital=[[Annúminas]] ([[Arnor]])<br>[[Minas Tirith]] ([[Gondor]])<ref name="Elendil">{{PM|Elendil}}</ref>
| towns=
+
| towns='''Arnor'''<br>[[Bree]], [[Bywater]], [[Fornost Erain]], [[Hobbiton]], [[Michel Delving]], [[Tuckborough]]<br>'''Gondor'''<br>[[Calembel]], [[Dol Amroth]], [[Erech]], [[Linhir]], [[Pelargir]], [[Umbar]]
| regions=
+
| regions='''Arnor'''<br>[[Arthedain]], [[Cardolan]], [[Rhudaur]]<br>'''Gondor'''<br>[[Anfalas]], [[Anórien]], [[Belfalas]], [[Dorwinion]], [[Enedwaith]] (shared with [[Arnor]]), [[Ithilien]], [[Lamedon]], [[Lebennin]], [[Lossarnach]], [[South Gondor]]
| population=[[Men]], [[Hobbits]]
+
| population=Primarily [[Men]] (many [[Hobbits]] in [[the Shire]] and [[Bree-land]])
| language=[[Westron]], [[Sindarin]]
+
| language=[[Westron]], [[Númenórean Sindarin]], [[Quenya]], [[Hobbitish]]
| govern1=[[High King of the Dúnedain|High King]]
+
| govern1=[[High King (Dúnedain)|High King]]
| govern2=[[Council of Gondor]]<ref>{{L|244}}</ref>
+
| govern2=[[Council of Gondor]]<ref name="politics"/>
 
| govern3=
 
| govern3=
 
| currency=[[tharni]], [[castar]]<ref>{{PM|Languages}}</ref>
 
| currency=[[tharni]], [[castar]]<ref>{{PM|Languages}}</ref>
| holiday=
+
| holiday=[[Cormarë]]
| precededby=[[Gondor]], [[Arnor]]
+
| precededby=[[Arnor]], [[Gondor]]
 
| event1=Established
 
| event1=Established
| event1date={{TA|3019}}
+
| event1date=[[1 May]], {{TA|3019}}
 
| event2=
 
| event2=
 
| event2date=
 
| event2date=
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| followedby=
 
| followedby=
 
}}
 
}}
The '''Reunited Kingdom''' (also called the '''Two Kingdoms'''<ref>{{VT|42a}}, p. 6</ref>) was the restored kingdom of [[Arnor]] and [[Gondor]], the twin kingdoms founded at the end of the [[Second Age]] by [[Elendil]] and his sons [[Isildur]] and [[Anárion]]. In the beginning, Elendil was [[High King of the Dúnedain|High King]] of both realms, but the two were divided after the deaths of his sons. Over 3,000 years later [[Aragorn|Aragorn Elessar]] reunited the kingdoms and ruled as [[High King of the Dúnedain|High King]] of the [[Reunited Kingdom]].
 
  
The fate of the kingdoms, especially that of Gondor, would come to dominate the history of the [[Third Age]].
+
{{quote|Thus peace came again, and a new Spring opened on earth; and the Heir of Isildur was crowned King of Gondor and Arnor, and the might of the Dúnedain was lifted up and their glory renewed.|''[[The Silmarillion]]'', "[[Of the Rings of Power and the Third Age]]"}}
==Background==
+
At the end of the [[Second Age]], [[Elendil]] and his sons established two great kingdoms in [[Middle-earth]]: [[Arnor]] in the north and [[Gondor]] in the south. These Kingdoms of the [[Dúnedain]] were united under a single [[High King of the Dúnedain|High King]], Elendil himself, who ruled the [[Arnor|North-kingdom]] while his sons reigned jointly over the South-kingdom of [[Gondor]].
+
  
In the first years of the [[Third Age]], this union failed. After the loss of [[Isildur]] at the [[Disaster of the Gladden Fields]], his nephew [[Meneldil]] took up the kingship of Gondor, and that country remained independent from the North-kingdom through most of the Third Age.  
+
The '''Reunited Kingdom''' was the restored kingdom of [[Arnor]] and [[Gondor]], the twin kingdoms founded at the end of the [[Second Age]] by [[Elendil]] and his sons [[Isildur]] and [[Anárion]]. In the beginning, Elendil was [[High King of the Dúnedain|High King]] of both realms, but the two were divided after the deaths of his sons. Over 3,000 years later [[Aragorn|Aragorn Elessar]] reunited the kingdoms and ruled as [[High King of the Dúnedain|High King]] of the newly-founded Reunited Kingdom.
===Dissolutions===
+
==Geography==
In the north, the realm of Arnor fell into troubled times. It broke into three separate kingdoms, and in time these too were lost, so that the Dúnedain of the North-kingdom of Elendil were reduced to a wandering people led by a [[Chieftains of the Dúnedain|Chieftain]]. Nonetheless, they were able to maintain Isildur's line in unbroken descent.
+
During Aragorn's reign, the Reunited Kingdom was comprised of the old realms of [[Arnor]] and [[Gondor]], excluding only [[Rohan]] (the [[Oath of Eorl|grant]] of which he renewed); and [[the Shire]], the [[Drúadan Forest]], and the [[Treegarth of Orthanc]] (which became protectorates).<ref name="Appendix A"/>
  
However this failed in Gondor, and [[Eärnur]] was lost without heirs. Its rule was taken up by the [[Stewards]].  
+
The Reunited Kingdom included all the lands of [[Arnor]]; all of [[Eriador]], except the [[Lindon|regions]] beyond the [[Lune]], and the lands east of [[Greyflood]] and [[Loudwater]], in which lay [[Rivendell]] and [[Eregion]].<ref name="Eriador">{{App|Eriador}}</ref>
  
There were two attempts to reunite the kingdoms. The first of these occurred in III 1944, when [[Arvedui]] of [[Arthedain]] claimed the High Kingship of the Two Kingdoms. His claim was rejected by Steward [[Pelendur]] and the [[Council of Gondor]], who elected to maintain their independence.
+
In [[Gondor]], the realm extended:<ref name="AppGondor">{{App|Gondor}}</ref>
  
==Reunification==
+
* North to the [[Field of Celebrant]] and the southern eaves of [[Mirkwood]]<ref name="AppGondor"/>
More than a thousand years later, after the [[War of the Ring]], Arvedui's direct descendant [[Aragorn]] came forward to make the same claim. This time, the people of Gondor accepted a High King, and the Two Kingdoms were reunited at last.  
+
* West to the [[Greyflood]]<ref name="AppGondor"/>
 +
* East to the inland [[Sea of Rhûn]]<ref name="AppGondor"/>
 +
* South to the [[River Harnen]], and also along the coast to the peninsula and haven of [[Umbar]]<ref name="AppGondor"/>
 +
 
 +
==Politics==
 +
The [[Númenórean]] [[High King (Dúnedain)|High King]] governed the realm with the frame of ancient law, of which he was administrator (and interpreter) but not the maker.<ref name="politics">{{L|244}}</ref>
 +
 
 +
In all debatable matters of importance domestic, or external, however, even [[Denethor II|Denethor]] had a [[Council of Gondor|Council]], and at least listened to what the Lords of the Fiefs and the Captains of the Forces had to say.<ref name="politics"/> [[Aragorn]] re-established the [[Council of Gondor|Great Council of Gondor]], and in that [[Faramir]], who remained by inheritance the [[Steward]] (or representative of the King during his absence abroad, or sickness, or between his death and the accession of his heir) was his chief counsellor.<ref name="politics"/>
 +
 
 +
After his accession, [[Aragorn]] established a council in [[Arnor]], because in {{FoA|13}}, he chose three [[Counsellor of the North-kingdom|Counsellors of the North-kingdom]] from the people of [[the Shire]] and [[Buckland]].<ref name="AppBLater">{{App|B5}}</ref> These Counsellors were those appointed to the positions of the [[Thain]] and [[Mayor of the Shire]], and the [[Master of Buckland]].<ref name="AppBLater"/>
 +
 
 +
==History==
 +
===Background===
 +
{{main|Realms in Exile}}
 +
At the end of the [[Second Age]], [[Elendil]] and his sons established two great kingdoms in [[Middle-earth]]: [[Arnor]] in the north and [[Gondor]] in the south. These [[Kingdoms of the Dúnedain]] were united under a single [[High King of the Dúnedain|High King]], [[Elendil]] himself, who ruled the [[Arnor|North-kingdom]] while his sons reigned jointly over the South-kingdom of [[Gondor]].<ref name=rings>{{s|Rings}}</ref>
 +
 
 +
In the first years of the [[Third Age]], this union failed. After the loss of [[Isildur]] at the [[Disaster of the Gladden Fields]], his nephew [[Meneldil]] took up the [[Kings of Gondor|kingship of Gondor]], and that country remained independent from the [[North-kingdom]] through most of the [[Third Age]].<ref name=rings/> 
 +
 
 +
In the north, the realm of Arnor fell into troubled times. It broke into three separate kingdoms, and in time these too were lost, so that the Dúnedain of the North-kingdom of Elendil were reduced to a wandering people led by a [[Chieftains of the Dúnedain|Chieftain]]. Nonetheless, they were able to maintain Isildur's line in unbroken descent.<ref name=rings/>
 +
 
 +
There was only one attempt to reunite the kingdoms while they were both in existence. This attempt occurred in {{TA|1944}} when [[Arvedui]], [[King of Arthedain]], claimed the [[High King (Dúnedain)|High Kingship]] of the [[Two Kingdoms]].<ref name="AppGondor"/> His claim was rejected by Steward [[Pelendur]] and the [[Council of Gondor]], who elected to maintain their independence.<ref name="AppGondor"/>
 +
 
 +
Soon enough, the line of [[King of Gondor|Kings]] failed in [[Gondor]] altogether; [[Eärnur]] was lost without heirs. Its rule was taken up by the [[Stewards]] of the [[House of Húrin]].<ref name=rings/>
 +
 
 +
===Reunification===
 +
====Reign of Elessar====
 +
More than a thousand years later, after the [[War of the Ring]], Arvedui's direct descendant, [[Aragorn]], came forward to make the same claim. This time, the people of Gondor accepted a [[High King of the Dúnedain|High King]], and the Two Kingdoms were restored and reunited at last.  
 +
 
 +
[[Aragorn]] restored [[Gondor]] and repeopled it, but retained [[Minas Tirith]] as the chief city.<ref name="Elendil"/> He rebuilt [[Annúminas]] and when he went north, would rule from there.<ref name="Eriador"/> He also had the ruins of [[Fornost Erain]] rebuilt and made it a great city where [[Men]] dwelt once again.<ref name="Bound">{{RK|VI7}}</ref> [[The Shire]] was an exception to this, and though it lay within the Reunited Kingdom, Aragorn made a law that Men should not enter it, a law that he observed himself.<ref name="Eriador"/>
 +
 
 +
During his reign, he, alongside [[King of Rohan|King]] [[Éomer]], led military campaigns beyond the [[Sea of Rhûn]] and on the far fields of the [[South]].<ref name="Appendix A">{{App|Mark}}</ref> The threat of the [[Corsairs of Umbar|Corsairs]] was finally completely subdued during his reign.<ref name="AppGondor"/> He also made peace with the [[Haradrim]] after his coronation.<ref name="RK-StewardKing">{{RK|VI5}}</ref>
 +
 
 +
====Later History====
 +
After Aragorn's death in {{FoA|120}},<ref name="Tale">{{App|Tale}}</ref> his son [[Eldarion]] took up the High Kingship.<ref name="Tale"/> It is said that Eldarion's reign would have lasted for about 100 years after the death of Aragorn.<ref name="L338">{{L|338}}</ref>
 +
Of [[Eldarion]], it was foretold that he should rule a great realm, and that it should endure for a hundred generations of [[Men]] after him, that is until a new age brought in again new things; and from him should come the kings of many realms in long days after. But if this foretelling spoke truly, none now can say, for [[Gondor]] and [[Arnor]] are no more; and even the chronicles of the [[House of Telcontar|House of Elessar]] and all their deeds and glory are lost.<ref name="Third">{{PM|Third}}, text of manuscript T4 events after the end of the Third Age in the year 3021</ref>
 +
 
 +
==Other versions of the legendarium==
 +
In an unfinished story set some 220 years after the fall of Sauron, the Reunited Kingdom encountered a renewal of [[Sauron]]-worship known as the [[Dark Tree]].<ref>{{PM|Shadow}}</ref> However, J.R.R. Tolkien did not finish this story, because he "discovered that the King's Peace would contain no tales worth recounting".<ref name="L338"/>
  
Like his ancestor Elendil before him, Aragorn took up his rule from the North-kingdom, but he travelled throughout his wide lands. [[The Shire]] was an exception to this, and though it lay within the [[Reunited Kingdom]], Aragorn made a law that Men should not enter it, a law that he observed himself. Though his seat was in the north, [[Minas Tirith]] and the South-kingdom remained important, to the extent that he travelled there at the end of his life, and his tomb was among the [[houses of the dead]] beneath Mount [[Mindolluin]]. After Aragorn's death, his son [[Eldarion]] took up the High Kingship, and the Reunited Kingdom endured for many years under the new King and his descendants.
 
 
{{references}}
 
{{references}}
 
[[category:Gondor]]
 
[[category:Gondor]]

Latest revision as of 22:47, 20 May 2021

"Who told you, and who sent you?" — Gandalf
This article or section needs more/new/more-detailed sources to conform to a higher standard and to provide proof for claims made.
Sage - Reunited Kingdom.png
Reunited Kingdom
General information
LocationArnor and Gondor[1]
CapitalAnnúminas (Arnor)
Minas Tirith (Gondor)[2]
Major townsArnor
Bree, Bywater, Fornost Erain, Hobbiton, Michel Delving, Tuckborough
Gondor
Calembel, Dol Amroth, Erech, Linhir, Pelargir, Umbar
RegionsArnor
Arthedain, Cardolan, Rhudaur
Gondor
Anfalas, Anórien, Belfalas, Dorwinion, Enedwaith (shared with Arnor), Ithilien, Lamedon, Lebennin, Lossarnach, South Gondor
People
PopulationPrimarily Men (many Hobbits in the Shire and Bree-land)
LanguageWestron, Númenórean Sindarin, Quenya, Hobbitish
GovernanceHigh King
Council of Gondor[3]
Currencytharni, castar[4]
HolidayCormarë
History
Preceded byArnor, Gondor
Established1 May, T.A. 3019
"Thus peace came again, and a new Spring opened on earth; and the Heir of Isildur was crowned King of Gondor and Arnor, and the might of the Dúnedain was lifted up and their glory renewed."
The Silmarillion, "Of the Rings of Power and the Third Age"

The Reunited Kingdom was the restored kingdom of Arnor and Gondor, the twin kingdoms founded at the end of the Second Age by Elendil and his sons Isildur and Anárion. In the beginning, Elendil was High King of both realms, but the two were divided after the deaths of his sons. Over 3,000 years later Aragorn Elessar reunited the kingdoms and ruled as High King of the newly-founded Reunited Kingdom.

Contents

[edit] Geography

During Aragorn's reign, the Reunited Kingdom was comprised of the old realms of Arnor and Gondor, excluding only Rohan (the grant of which he renewed); and the Shire, the Drúadan Forest, and the Treegarth of Orthanc (which became protectorates).[1]

The Reunited Kingdom included all the lands of Arnor; all of Eriador, except the regions beyond the Lune, and the lands east of Greyflood and Loudwater, in which lay Rivendell and Eregion.[5]

In Gondor, the realm extended:[6]

[edit] Politics

The Númenórean High King governed the realm with the frame of ancient law, of which he was administrator (and interpreter) but not the maker.[3]

In all debatable matters of importance domestic, or external, however, even Denethor had a Council, and at least listened to what the Lords of the Fiefs and the Captains of the Forces had to say.[3] Aragorn re-established the Great Council of Gondor, and in that Faramir, who remained by inheritance the Steward (or representative of the King during his absence abroad, or sickness, or between his death and the accession of his heir) was his chief counsellor.[3]

After his accession, Aragorn established a council in Arnor, because in Fo.A. 13, he chose three Counsellors of the North-kingdom from the people of the Shire and Buckland.[7] These Counsellors were those appointed to the positions of the Thain and Mayor of the Shire, and the Master of Buckland.[7]

[edit] History

[edit] Background

Main article: Realms in Exile

At the end of the Second Age, Elendil and his sons established two great kingdoms in Middle-earth: Arnor in the north and Gondor in the south. These Kingdoms of the Dúnedain were united under a single High King, Elendil himself, who ruled the North-kingdom while his sons reigned jointly over the South-kingdom of Gondor.[8]

In the first years of the Third Age, this union failed. After the loss of Isildur at the Disaster of the Gladden Fields, his nephew Meneldil took up the kingship of Gondor, and that country remained independent from the North-kingdom through most of the Third Age.[8]

In the north, the realm of Arnor fell into troubled times. It broke into three separate kingdoms, and in time these too were lost, so that the Dúnedain of the North-kingdom of Elendil were reduced to a wandering people led by a Chieftain. Nonetheless, they were able to maintain Isildur's line in unbroken descent.[8]

There was only one attempt to reunite the kingdoms while they were both in existence. This attempt occurred in T.A. 1944 when Arvedui, King of Arthedain, claimed the High Kingship of the Two Kingdoms.[6] His claim was rejected by Steward Pelendur and the Council of Gondor, who elected to maintain their independence.[6]

Soon enough, the line of Kings failed in Gondor altogether; Eärnur was lost without heirs. Its rule was taken up by the Stewards of the House of Húrin.[8]

[edit] Reunification

[edit] Reign of Elessar

More than a thousand years later, after the War of the Ring, Arvedui's direct descendant, Aragorn, came forward to make the same claim. This time, the people of Gondor accepted a High King, and the Two Kingdoms were restored and reunited at last.

Aragorn restored Gondor and repeopled it, but retained Minas Tirith as the chief city.[2] He rebuilt Annúminas and when he went north, would rule from there.[5] He also had the ruins of Fornost Erain rebuilt and made it a great city where Men dwelt once again.[9] The Shire was an exception to this, and though it lay within the Reunited Kingdom, Aragorn made a law that Men should not enter it, a law that he observed himself.[5]

During his reign, he, alongside King Éomer, led military campaigns beyond the Sea of Rhûn and on the far fields of the South.[1] The threat of the Corsairs was finally completely subdued during his reign.[6] He also made peace with the Haradrim after his coronation.[10]

[edit] Later History

After Aragorn's death in Fo.A. 120,[11] his son Eldarion took up the High Kingship.[11] It is said that Eldarion's reign would have lasted for about 100 years after the death of Aragorn.[12] Of Eldarion, it was foretold that he should rule a great realm, and that it should endure for a hundred generations of Men after him, that is until a new age brought in again new things; and from him should come the kings of many realms in long days after. But if this foretelling spoke truly, none now can say, for Gondor and Arnor are no more; and even the chronicles of the House of Elessar and all their deeds and glory are lost.[13]

[edit] Other versions of the legendarium

In an unfinished story set some 220 years after the fall of Sauron, the Reunited Kingdom encountered a renewal of Sauron-worship known as the Dark Tree.[14] However, J.R.R. Tolkien did not finish this story, because he "discovered that the King's Peace would contain no tales worth recounting".[12]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The House of Eorl", "The Kings of the Mark", Third Line
  2. 2.0 2.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "VII. The Heirs of Elendil"
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 J.R.R. Tolkien; Humphrey Carpenter, Christopher Tolkien (eds.), The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien, Letter 244, (undated, written circa 1963)
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "II. The Appendix on Languages"
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "Eriador, Arnor, and the Heirs of Isildur"
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "Gondor and the Heirs of Anárion"
  7. 7.0 7.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "Later Events Concerning the Members of the Fellowship of the Ring"
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Of the Rings of Power and the Third Age"
  9. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, "Homeward Bound"
  10. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, "The Steward and the King"
  11. 11.0 11.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "The Tale of Aragorn and Arwen"
  12. 12.0 12.1 J.R.R. Tolkien; Humphrey Carpenter, Christopher Tolkien (eds.), The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien, Letter 338, (dated 6 June 1972)
  13. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "VIII. The Tale of Years of the Third Age", text of manuscript T4 events after the end of the Third Age in the year 3021
  14. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "XVI. The New Shadow"