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'''The Appendix on Languages''' is the second chapter of ''[[The Peoples of Middle-earth]]'', which describes the complex evolution of the material that would become [[Appendix F]], published in ''[[The Lord of the Rings]]''.  
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'''The Appendix on Languages''' is the second chapter of ''[[The Peoples of Middle-earth]]'', which describes the complex evolution of the material that would become [[Appendix F]], published in ''[[The Lord of the Rings]]''. Originally this material was to be included in the Prologue; since the Prologue was at first referred to as a Foreword, [[Christopher Tolkien]] labeled the first version F*.<ref name=Languages>{{PM|Languages}}</ref>{{rp|24}} Subsequent versions of this material were relegated to the appendices so Christopher labeled these versions F1 through F4, with the subsection "On Translation" labeled A.
 
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==Synopsis==
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Originally this material was to be included in the Prologue; since the Prologue was at first referred to as a Foreword, [[Christopher Tolkien]] labeled the first version F*.<ref name=Languages>{{PM|Languages}}</ref>{{rp|24}} Subsequent versions of this material were relegated to the appendices so Christopher labeled these versions F1 through F4, with the subsection "On Translation" labeled A.
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F* was originally prefatory information that would follow the original "Forward: Concerning Hobbits". The text begins by stating that the story was written for those interested in [[Hobbits]], especially [[J.R.R. Tolkien]]'s friends, the [[Inklings]]. The work then veers into a discussion of the Hobbits' language, the Common Speech, and moves onward to the languages of [[Elves]], [[Men]], [[Orcs]], and [[Dwarves]]. Christopher believed that his father intended a dedicatory preface but was swept "involuntarily" into writing about languages. Realizing that the result was an unsatisfactory combination, Tolkien put this text aside. Later he would use elements of it in Appendix F and the ''Foreword'' to the First Edition of ''[[The Fellowship of the Ring]]''. Christopher included part of the First Edition Foreword to show how the material of F* was used.<ref name=Languages></ref>{{rp|19-28}}
 
F* was originally prefatory information that would follow the original "Forward: Concerning Hobbits". The text begins by stating that the story was written for those interested in [[Hobbits]], especially [[J.R.R. Tolkien]]'s friends, the [[Inklings]]. The work then veers into a discussion of the Hobbits' language, the Common Speech, and moves onward to the languages of [[Elves]], [[Men]], [[Orcs]], and [[Dwarves]]. Christopher believed that his father intended a dedicatory preface but was swept "involuntarily" into writing about languages. Realizing that the result was an unsatisfactory combination, Tolkien put this text aside. Later he would use elements of it in Appendix F and the ''Foreword'' to the First Edition of ''[[The Fellowship of the Ring]]''. Christopher included part of the First Edition Foreword to show how the material of F* was used.<ref name=Languages></ref>{{rp|19-28}}

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