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Ingwë

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Ingwë
Vanya
Alice Falto - Ingwe.jpg
"Ingwe" by Alice Falto
Biographical Information
PronunciationQ, [ˈiŋʷɡʷe]
TitlesHigh King of the Elves
LocationTaniquetil
LanguageVanyarin
BirthBetween Y.T. 1050 and 1102
Cuiviénen[1]
RuleFrom Y.T. 1105
Family
ParentageIlion
SiblingsUnnamed sister (mother of Indis)[2]
SpouseIlwen
ChildrenUnnamed children, including Ingwion[3]
Physical Description
GenderMale
Hair colorGolden curly[4]
GalleryImages of Ingwë

Ingwë was the king of the Vanyar in Valinor and being the most high lord among the Elves, he was reckoned as the High King of the Elves.[5]

Contents

[edit] History

Ingwë was one of the Minyar born at Cuiviénen. He was the eldest son of Ilion, being the sixth generation of a direct male-line descendant of Imin, from eldest son to eldest son. He was beloved by his people because of his thought. He wed Ilwen and had several children at Cuiviénen by the time Oromë found the Quendi.[6]

When Oromë invited them to Aman, Ingwë with Finwë and Elwë followed him as ambassadors and travelled to the Blessed Realm. When they returned, they told their peoples about its beauty and bliss and became their leaders during the Great March. Ingwë was the leader of the Vanyar, the foremost of the clans to follow Oromë, who were the most eager to reach the West, which they did quickly.[7]

After the Great Journey, Ingwë never returned or set eyes upon Middle-earth again.[7] He lived in Tirion, in the tower called Mindon Eldaliéva, but then he went to Taniquetil at the feet of Manwë.[5] There he begot many children in the bliss of Aman, as noted by Finwë when Finwë complained to the Valar about his widowhood.[8]

Indis, the second wife of Finwë, was of his close kin.[9]

[edit] Etymology

The stem of the name Ingwë is related to Quenya inga ("top, highest point"), to which is attached the name suffix -wë. As his proper title was Ingwë Ingweron ("Chief of the chieftains"), it can be deduced that his name simply means "Chief". His name is also identified with the Vanyar, who called themselves Ingwer, as they considered themselves as the leaders of the Eldar.[10]:340

In the earlier Etymologies, Ingwë is said to be a compound of ing ("first") + the ending -we ("man").[11]

[edit] Genealogy

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imin
 
Iminyë
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ilion
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
unknown
father
 
unknown
mother
 
INGWË
b. Y.T.
 
Ilwen
b. Y.T.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Míriel
d. Y.T. 1170
 
Finwë
d. Y.T. 1495
 
Indis
b. Y.T.
 
 
Ingwion
b. Y.T.
 
 
 
unknown
children
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fëanor
Y.T. 1169 - 1497
 
Findis
b. Y.T.
 
Fingolfin
Y.T. 1190 - F.A. 456
 
Írimë
b. Y.T.
 
Finarfin
b. Y.T. 1230


[edit] Other versions of the legendarium

[edit] The Book of Lost Tales

In the earliest version of the legendarium in The Book of Lost Tales, the character is called Inwë, being the 'King of all the Eldar when they dwelt in Kôr'. Inwë's son was named as Ingil.[12]

In this phase, Ing and Inwë seem to appear interchangeably as names of a man, king of Luthany (also king of Angali, Euti, Saksani, and Firisandi, all called Ingwaiwar), who become immortal after drinking limpë, possibly given to him by Eärendel while hiding from Ossë. Christopher Tolkien felt that there was a relation between the man and similarly named elves.[13]

[edit] Later versions

In the Later Quenta Silmarillion, Indis was written as the sister of Ingwë.[14] However, in a later essay, she is the daughter of an unnamed sister of King Ingwë.[10]:343

Notes

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "The Grey Annals": §3
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "XI. The Shibboleth of Fëanor"
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, "Part Two: Valinor and Middle-earth before The Lord of the Rings, III. The Later Annals of Beleriand"
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, Carl F. Hostetter (ed.), The Nature of Middle-earth, "Part Two. Body, Mind and Spirit: IV. Hair", p. 186
  5. 5.0 5.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of Eldamar and the Princes of the Eldalië"
  6. J.R.R. Tolkien, Carl F. Hostetter (ed.), The Nature of Middle-earth, "Part One. Time and Ageing: XVII. Generational Schemes", pp. 127-128
  7. 7.0 7.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Coming of the Elves and the Captivity of Melkor"
  8. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Morgoth's Ring, "Part Three. The Later Quenta Silmarillion: (II) The Second Phase: The Earliest Version of the Story of Finwë and Míriel", p. 206
  9. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of Fëanor and the Unchaining of Melkor"
  10. 10.0 10.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "XI. The Shibboleth of Fëanor", "The names of Finwë's descendants"
  11. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, Part Three: "The Etymologies", entries "ING", "WEG"
  12. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Book of Lost Tales Part One, "I. The Cottage of Lost Play": "Notes and Commentary", pp. 25-26
  13. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Book of Lost Tales Part Two, "VI. The History of Eriol or Ælfwine and the End of the Tales"
  14. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Morgoth's Ring, "Part Three. The Later Quenta Silmarillion: (II) The Second Phase", pp. 207, 261