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The Dungeons of Moria (video game)

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Dungeons of Moria (videogame) - opening screen.png
The Dungeons of Moria
Video game
DeveloperRobert Alan Koeneke[1]
Jimmy Wayne Todd[1]
Gary D. McAdoo[1]
(and others)
Atari ST
X Windows
Release date1983

The Dungeons of Moria, also know as Moria, is an old rogue-like computer game, drawing inspiration from The Lord of the Rings and Dungeons and Dragons. The goal in the game is to reach the bottom of the maze of mines of Moria and kill the Balrog.[2]



Robert Alan Koeneke started working on The Dungeons of Moria in 1980 or 1981 at the University of Oklahoma after he became hooked on the game Rogue but could not run it on the VAX 11/780 computer running VMS to which he had access. Hence, he decided to write his own Rogue game. The first version - Moria Beta 1.0 - was written with VMS BASIC and resembled Rogue. In 1983 converted the game to VMS PASCAL, utilizing its' new feature, variable length strings, and improved the game's data structures and optimization. In summer 1983, Koeneke completed Moria 1.0 and spread it amongst students of the University of Oklahoma.[3] Jimmey Todd, a close friend of Koeneke, rewrote the character generator and added skills, history and several other functions. This became Moria 2.0.[3]

In 1983-1985, Koeneke used the advice of player to improve the game and fix bugs. Every time a player completed the game, he would raise raise the difficulty of the game, eventually claiming that the game was unbeatable. In light of a football match between the University of Oklahoma and the University of Texas, Koeneke sent an edited, unbeatable version of the game to University of Texas students. From around 1985 the source code was widely distributed under a licence that permitted sharing and modification but not commercial use. Koeneke's last release was Moria 4.7 in 1986 or 1987.[3] Koeneke stopped participation in the developed, when he left university and started working for American Airlines. At the time Moria 5.0 was still in progress. This update would be a complete rewrite and add several features, including bodies of water with water monsters, mysterious orbs and new weapons and treasures.[3] Although, development was continued by his programming assistants, Jimmy Wayne Todd and Gary D. McAdoo,[1] it was, according to Koeneke, probally never finished.[3]


Derivative versions

Moria inspired a number of derivative versions. Jim E. Wilson created Umoria, a modified version in C for UNIX. At the University of Washington a modified Pascal version named Imoria was developed, which has been ported to C by Steve Kertes. Angband was derived from Umoria at the University of Warwick. Furthermore, it is known to have been an inspiration for Diablo.

David J. Grabiner maintained the game.[4]

See also

External links


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "imoria", imoria (accessed 8 January 2015)
  2. Meristation, El Anillo interactivo p. 4 (retrieved 18 August 2010)
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 Robert Alan Koeneke, "Early history of Moria" dated 21 February 1996, (accessed 8 January 2015)
  4. David Grabiner's Official Website (retrieved 16 August 2010)