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Nogrod

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Nogrod
Political information
EtymologyDwarf hollow in Sindarin, Hollowbold in Khuzdul
GovernmentCity state
Head of StateKing or Lord of Nogrod
Societal information
CapitalNogrod
LanguageKhuzdul, Sindarin
LocationSoutheast of Mount Dolmed
PopulaceDwarves of Nogrod
Historical information
Formed fromUnknown, not long after the Awakening of the Dwarf-fathers in the Years of the Trees
EstablishmentYears of the Trees
DissolutionF.A. 587

Nogrod was one of two Dwarven cities in the Ered Luin that prospered during the First Age. It was home to the Dwarves of Nogrod.

[edit] Description

Nogrod lay in the north central part of the mountain range, near Mount Dolmed where the Dwarf-road of Beleriand crossed into Eriador.[1] It guarded one of the only passes through the mountain range.[2] It was home to the Dwarves of Nogrod. Nogrod was also the home to the great Dwarven smiths Gamil Zirak and Telchar.[3]

[edit] History

The city was built sometime during the Years of the Trees when the western Fathers of the Dwarves awoke from beneath Mount Dolmed.[4]

Nogrod traded with throughout Beleriand and the Dwarves were employed for delvings and crafts, most famously the Nauglamir for King Thingol.[5] Eöl the Dark Elf often went there, as did his son Maeglin.[6]

Like Belegost a little to the North, Nogrod was ruined during the War of Wrath, when the Blue Mountains were broken and the Gulf of Lune flowed into Eriador. However, it is possible that at least one of the cities was also at least partially rebuilt and occupied through the Fourth Age, as the remains of Mount Dolmed appear to still exist in the middle of the northern Ered Luin.[7]

[edit] Etymology

Nogrod is a Sindarin name; it was originally known as Novrod which means "hollow delving" aka Hollowbold, like its original Khuzdul name, Tumunzahar.

Novrod was altered to Naugrod under the influence of the similar-sounding word Naug "dwarf".[8] Therefore while the name Hollowbold is provided as the translation of Nogrod[9] it is not a literal translation; the new name means rather "Dwarf dwelling".[10]

The second element of Novrod/Nogrod is Sindarin groth/grod meaning "delving, underground dwelling".[8]

In The Etymologies the name is labelled as Noldorin and is said to contain the element Naug "dwarf". The second element -rod is not explained, but a note by Christopher Tolkien points to entry ROD, an etymological root meaning "cave". Relevant Noldorin words include rhond "cave" and rhaud "hollow, cavernous".[11]

Its name in Khuzdul was Tumunzahar (meaning "Hollowbold"),[6] and its Quenya name was Návarot.[12]

[edit] References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Map of Beleriand and the Lands to the North"
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Eldarin Hands, Fingers & Numerals and Related Writings — Part Two" (edited by Patrick H. Wynne), in Vinyar Tengwar, Number 48, December 2005, p. 24 ("But the Dwarves had built some great Mansions in those mountains [the Ered Luin] (commanding the only passes)")
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "Narn i Hîn Húrin (The Tale of the Children of Húrin)", The Departure of Túrin
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Eldarin Hands, Fingers & Numerals and Related Writings — Part Two" (edited by Patrick H. Wynne), in Vinyar Tengwar, Number 48, December 2005, p. 24 ("...which had certainly been founded long ago ... before the coming of the exiled Noldor, probably before the Eldar of the Great Journey ever reached Beleriand")
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Ruin of Doriath"
  6. 6.0 6.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Sindar"
  7. Article
  8. 8.0 8.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Appendix: Elements in Quenya and Sindarin Names"
  9. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Index of Names"
  10. Robert Foster, The Complete Guide to Middle-earth, entry "Nogrod"
  11. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, "Part Three: The Etymologies", entries NAUK, ROD
  12. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "Part Four. Quendi and Eldar: Appendix B. Elvish names for the Dwarves", p. 389