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Tol Eressëa

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"...It is a long tale..." — Aragorn
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Billy Mosig - Parting from Eressea.jpg
Tol Eressëa
Physical Description
TypeIsland
LocationAman, in Belegaer, east of the Bay of Eldamar
RealmsValinor
InhabitantsEldar, mostly Teleri
DescriptionArrowhead-shaped island, green and beautiful
General Information
Other namesThe Lonely Island
EtymologyQ. tol "isle" + eressëa "lonely"
ReferencesThe Silmarillion

Tol Eressëa (Q, pron. [tol eˈresːe.a]) was a large island off the coast of Valinor. Its name translates from Quenya as the Lonely Island, for it lay originally in the middle of the Belegaer, far from any other landmasses.

Contents

[edit] History

Ulmo pushed it back and forth across Belegaer twice to transport the Elves to Aman. After that, it came to rest forever just off the eastern shore of that continent in the Bay of Eldamar, and was inhabited by the Teleri of Aman, until they left for Alqualondë.

With the end of the First Age, many of the Eldar of Middle-earth exiles (and Teleri that never left it) went to Aman, and lived on the island of Tol Eressëa. Its principal location is the port city of Avallónë on the eastern shore.

[edit] Flora

Many beautiful trees grew on Eressëa, and their seedlings were gifted by the Eldar to Númenor to enrich the land.[1] Some of them were:

[edit] Other versions of the Legendarium

"...It is a long tale..." — Aragorn
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In early versions of Tolkien's legendarium, the island was later visited by Ælfwine (or Eriol), an Anglo-Saxon from the early Middle Ages, which provided a framework for the tales that later became The Silmarillion.


A Gnomish name used for Tol Eressëa was Dor Faidwen ("Land of Release").[2][3]

Christopher Tolkien provided a comparative summary of the role of Tol Eressea in the early Legendarium: Eressea is the destination of the Eldar and the rescued Noldoli from the Great Lands where they built many towns and villages. Most of The Book of Lost Tales Part One occurs on Tol Eressëa, and places such as Tavrobel, the central region of Alalminórë with the hill of Kôr where Ingil son of Inwe built Kortirion for the exiles who could not return to Valinor. These names do not exist in the later Silmarillion. The House of the Hundred Chimneys and the Cottage of Lost Play of Kortirion are also mentioned.

The island was visited by Ottor Wǽfre who, after learning the ancient history of the Elder Days went to visit Gilfanon in Tavrobel, where he wrote it down. He married an Elf and had a son named Heorrenda.

Tol Eressea was drawn again east and anchored off the coasts of the Great Lands (at the geographical position of England), where the Lost Elves rose against the servants of Melko. When Osse attempted to drag the island back to the West, the western half broke off, forming the Isle of Iverin (Ireland).

After the defeat of the Elves in the battle of Ros, they hid in Tol Eressea, but were followed by evil men, Orcs and other creatures. The great Battle of the Heath of the Sky-roof between Men near Tavrobel causes the Elves to flee over the Gruir and the Afros.

The Elves faded most Men were now unable to see them. Eriol's sons, Hengest, Horsa, and Heorrenda, who were friendly to the Elves, conquered the island which became 'England'. From them the Angles have 'the true tradition of the fairies'. Hengest came to Kortirion (Warwick), Horsa to Taruithorn (Oxford) and Heorrenda to Tavrobel (Great Haywood).[4]

[edit] See also

[edit] References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "A Description of the Island of Númenor"
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Book of Lost Tales Part One, "The Cottage of Lost Play", pp. 13, 21
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, "I-Lam na-Ngoldathon: The Grammar and Lexicon of the Gnomish Tongue", in Parma Eldalamberon XI (edited by Christopher Gilson, Arden R. Smith, and Patrick H. Wynne), pp. 5, 7
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Book of Lost Tales Part Two, "The History of Eriol or Ælfwine and the End of the Tales"