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Fate and Free Will

Fate and Free Will is the title given to a text written by J.R.R. Tolkien sometime after January 1968. The fragment was edited by Carl F. Hostetter and published in Tolkien Studies: Volume 6 (2009, pp.183-188).

The essay (or rather, notes) consists of a philosophical discussion of Eldarin thoughts on the nature and relations of fate, free will and the created world. These were presented in the context of a linguistic discussion of Elvish phonology (of the two Quenya words ambar 'world' and umbar 'fate').

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