|Lifespan||shorter than Númenórean|
The Hill-men were likely Pre-Númenóreans historically descended from the mountain tribes of the White Mountains, who spread northward across Middle-earth during the Second Age. The Dunlendings and the Men of Bree were of this stock, as were the Men of the Mountains.[source?]
 Third Age
During the Third Age the Hill-men were to be found near the Angle of Eriador or the Ettenmoors and were subjects of the Númenórean Kingdom of the North. From the 14th century the hills were occupied by their dark fortresses and they learned sorcery, perhaps from Angmar.
In the Angmar War, Hill-men from Rhudaur secretly allied themselves with the Witch-king and one of their evil lords usurped the throne of Rhudaur, slowly sending the Dúnedain of Arnor fleeing to Cardolan and Arthedain, and then fighting with Angmar against them until all the kingdom was occupied by evil men. The kingdom allied with Angmar against the other two kingdoms.
- ↑ Andreas Moehn, "The Indigenous People of Middle-earth", Lalaith's Middle-earth Science Pages (accessed 16 December 2017)
- ↑ Robert Foster, The Complete Guide to Middle-earth, p. 196
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "The Heirs of Elendil"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "The Tale of Years of the Third Age"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "Eriador, Arnor, and the Heirs of Isildur"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring