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Old Forest

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Kevin Ward - Old Forest.jpg
The Old Forest
Physical Description
LocationEast of the Shire
InhabitantsTom Bombadil, Goldberry, Trees, Huorns

The Old Forest was a small forested area to the east of the Shire.

[edit] Description

The Old Forest was one of the few remains of the vast primordial forests which covered most of Eriador before the Second Age,[1] being its northern edge. What became known as the Old Forest was what survived the deforestation by the Númenóreans and the wars against Sauron.[2] It was the part of Arnor (and Cardolan) during the existence of the North-kingdom. It was bordered in the east by the Barrow-downs, and in the west by Brandywine.[3]

When Angmar attacked Arnor in T.A. 1409, some Dúnedain of Cardolan fled into the Forest.[4]

In the later years, Gorhendad Oldbuck colonized the stripe of land between the Brandywine and the Old Forest; the Hobbits of Buckland cut the forest to make room for their new homes, and also built The Hedge, a large wall separating their country from the Forest. When the trees grew too close to the hedge, hobbits cut down the trees nearest and created a clearing by a bonfire. Ever since then, the trees were more hostile.[5]

Just before the War of the Ring, the Hobbits Frodo Baggins, Samwise Gamgee, Meriadoc Brandybuck and Peregrin Took crossed through it trying to escape from the Black Riders.

The Hobbits believed the trees of the Old Forest were in some manner 'awake', and hostile. They swayed when there was no wind, whispered at night, and misled travellers deeper into the forest. The trees did indeed carry a malice and a hatred, but this hatred was not connected to the evil stemming from the East and Mordor--the hobbits mostly referred to the forest as queer and dangerous rather than evil.

The forest had been angered by the years of tree-felling and destruction that they had witnessed, and the trees would lash out at travellers, whether they meant good or ill. Frodo, Merry, Pippin and Sam were waylaid by a falling branch as they passed through, and the Hobbits had the sense that they were being watched by the forest itself. The paths in the forest, which seemed at first to be true, would angle downward into the valley of the Withywindle.

The Withywindle, which lay roughly in the center of the Old Forest, was the root of the queerness, malice, and the general animosity that the trees projected. Old Man Willow lived within the valley and seemed to have some measure of control over the forest, inspiring much of the anger that permeated the limbs of the trees.

At the south-eastern edge of the forest, on the bank of the river Withywindle, stood the house of Tom Bombadil, who rescued the Hobbits when they were trapped by Old Man Willow. Tom Bombadil seemed to represent the good side of the forest, and had some power over Old Man Willow. The two contrasting wills, of Bombadil and the Willow, brought about the aura of mystery and queerness that the Old Forest seemed to inspire.

It is probable that some trees of the Old Forest were Huorns.[source?]

[edit] Portrayal in adaptations

Old Forest at night (The Lord of the Rings Online).

2002: The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (video game):

Old Forest consists of two game levels: before and after the encounter with Old Man Willow. The paths in the forest are shifting and getting to the destination is not as easy as it seems.

2007: The Lord of the Rings Online:

Old Forest is represented in the game in its entirety: from the eastern borders of Buckland and the Bonfire Glade up until Tom Bombadil's House and the entrance to the Barrow-Downs.
Upon the game's release, there was no map and the paths were shifting, much like in The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (video game). However, later a map was added and the paths fixed due to many players' complaints.


  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, "The Council of Elrond"
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "Aldarion and Erendis: The Mariner's Wife"
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, "The West of Middle-earth at the End of the Third Age" [map]
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "Eriador, Arnor, and the Heirs of Isildur"
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, "The Old Forest"