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Regent of Gondor

Regent (Q. Karma-kundo, "Guardian of the Helm") was a title applied to those granted executive authority in place of a legitimate reigning king.

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[edit] Númenorean precedent

Before the time of Tar-Aldarion, no King had ever left the island during his reign. When Tar-Aldarion resolved to travel to Middle-earth, the Council of the Sceptre sought a regency to rule in his place. The king's father, Meneldur, refused the regency when offered, and Meneldur's cousin, Hallatan of Hyarastorni, became regent instead. Ancalimë served as regent on more than one occasion while her father voyaged.[1]

[edit] Gondor

In all the history of the Kings of Gondor, only one Regent of this kind was ever appointed, Minalcar .

Minalcar was the grandson of Atanatar II Alcarin and son of Calmacil. In the closing years of his grandfather's rule, he had become a forceful presence in the royal councils as neither of the King's sons, Narmacil nor Calmacil, showed great interest in state affairs. Just a few short years after his uncle Narmacil succeeded the King, he conferred the office of Karma-kundo on Minalcar; from that point he effectively ruled Gondor for no less than sixty-four years, though officially doing so in the King's name.[2] Minalcar would eventually ascend to the throne of Gondor himself under his better-known name Rómendacil II.

[edit] Etymology

Karma-kundo is translated "Helm-guardian".[3]

In the orthography used in The Lord of the Rings, this name would be written Carma-cundo, since Tolkien usually represented the [k]-sound with the letter "c".

References

  1. Christopher Tolkien's discussion of his father's notes for the unfinished portions of Aldarion and Erendis
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "The Making of Appendix A": (i) "The Realms in Exile"
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "The Making of Appendix A": (i) "The Realms in Exile", p. 260