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Tar-Ancalimon

Tar-Ancalimon
Númenórean
Biographical Information
TitlesKing of Númenor
LocationNúmenor
AffiliationKing's Men
LanguageAdûnaic, Sindarin and Quenya
BirthS.A. 1986[1]
RuleS.A. 2221 - 2386 (165 years)[1]
DeathS.A. 2386[1] (aged 400)
Family
HouseHouse of Elros
ParentageTar-Atanamir[1]
ChildrenTar-Telemmaitë[2]
Physical Description
GenderMale

Tar-Ancalimon was the fourteenth King of Númenor.[1]

Contents

[edit] History

During the reign of Tar-Ancalimon the rift between the King's Men, the larger part of the population that followed the Kings in their growing opposition to the Ban of the Valar, and the Faithful, those who maintained friendship with the Eldar, became wider. Many of the King's Men began to stop using the Elven-tongues and no longer taught them to their children. Despite the rejection of the Elven-tongues, the royal titles were still given in Quenya. This was done out of custom and for fear that breaking the time-honoured usage would create ill-fortune.[1]

During his reign the Ringwraiths first appeared in Middle-earth[3], Umbar, a haven of the Númenórean King's Men, was turned into a fortress[4] and the city of Pelargir was built and became the chief haven of the Faithful Númenóreans.[5]

[edit] Etymology

Ancalimon ([ˌtaraŋˈkalimon]) is a Quenya name. Its meaning is not glossed, but Paul Strack suggests it means "Brightest", and seems to be a masculinised form of ancalima ("brightest")[6], which consists of the superlative or intensive prefix an- and the element calima ("bright").[7] Like all the rulers of Númenor who took their royal names in Quenya, Ancalimon added the prefix tar- ("high") to his name when he received the Sceptre.[8]

[edit] Genealogy

Tar-Ciryatan
1634 - 2035
 
 
 
 
Tar-Atanamir
1800 - 2221
 
 
 
 
TAR-ANCALIMON
1986 - 2386
 
 
 
 
Tar-Telemmaitë
2136 - 2526
 
 
 
 
Tar-Vanimeldë
2277 - 2637


[edit] Other versions of the legendarium

In the Tale of Years, it said in S.A. 2251 "Tar-Atanamir takes the sceptre", however, Atanamir died in 2221. 2221 is itself an emendation of 2251, and the former (2221) appears in the later tables, while the latter (2251) in the earlier tables: therefore 2251 (properly 2221) should have read "Death of Tar-Atanamir. Tar-Ancalimon takes the sceptre".[9]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The Line of Elros: Kings of Númenor", entry XIV Tar-Ancalimon
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The Line of Elros: Kings of Númenor", entry XV Tar-Telemmaitë
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Second Age", entry for the year 2251 of the Second Age
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Second Age", entry for the year 2280 of the Second Age
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Second Age", entry for the year 2350 of the Second Age
  6. J.R.R. Tolkien; Humphrey Carpenter, Christopher Tolkien (eds.), The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien, Letter 297, (dated August 1967), paragraph about the name Eärendil
  7. Paul Strack, "Q. Ancalimon m.", Eldamo - An Elvish Lexicon (accessed 24 December 2021)
  8. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The Line of Elros: Kings of Númenor", first paragraph and entry I to XXV
  9. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The Line of Elros: Kings of Númenor", Note 10
Tar-Ancalimon
House of Elros
Born: S.A. 1986 Died: S.A. 2386
Preceded by:
Tar-Atanamir
14th King of Númenor
S.A. 2221 - 2386
Followed by:
Tar-Telemmaitë

Kings of Númenor
Elros Tar-Minyatur (S.A. 32 - 442) · Tar-Vardamir* (442) · Tar-Amandil (442 - 590) · Tar-Elendil (590 - 740) · Tar-Meneldur (740 - 883) · Tar-Aldarion (883 - 1075) · Tar-AncalimëQ (1075 - 1280) · Tar-Anárion (1280 - 1394) · Tar-Súrion (1394 - 1556) · Tar-TelperiënQ (1556 - 1731) · Tar-Minastir (1731 - 1869) · Tar-Ciryatan (1869 - 2029) · Tar-Atanamir (2029 - 2221) · Tar-Ancalimon (2221 - 2386) · Tar-Telemmaitë (2386 - 2526) · Tar-VanimeldëQ (2526 - 2637) · Tar-Anducal (2637 - 2657) · Tar-Alcarin (2657 - 2737) · Tar-Calmacil (2737 - 2825) · Tar-Ardamin (2825 - 2899) · Ar-Adûnakhôr (2899 - 2962) · Ar-Zimrathôn (2962 - 3033) · Ar-Sakalthôr (3033 - 3102) · Ar-Gimilzôr (3102 - 3177) · Tar-Palantir (3177 - 3255) · Ar-Pharazôn (3255 - 3319)
* Immediately abdicated in favour of his son · Q Ruling Queens · Usurped throne. Later struck off the Line of Kings · Usurped throne from his cousin Tar-Míriel