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Tar-Calmacil

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This article is about the King of Númenor. For the King of Gondor, see Calmacil (King of Gondor).
Tar-Calmacil
Númenórean
Biographical Information
Other namesAr-Belzagar (A)
TitlesKing of Númenor
LocationNúmenor
AffiliationKing's Men
LanguageAdûnaic; used Quenya out of custom
BirthS.A. 2516
RuleS.A. 2737 - 2825 (88 years)
DeathS.A. 2825 (aged 309)
Family
HouseHouse of Elros
ParentageTar-Alcarin
ChildrenTar-Ardamin, Gimilzagar[1]
Physical Description
GenderMale
Tar-Calmacil was the eighteenth ruler of Númenor.

Contents

[edit] History

Calmacil was the son of Tar-Alcarin. When he took the rule, he succeeded extensive conquests along the coasts of Middle-earth. This activity angered Sauron, yet he withdrew and concentrated on building power in the East.

During his reign the King's Men called him by his name in Adûnaic: Ar-Belzagar. This was the first time that the King's name was spoken in this language.[2]

He was succeeded by his son Tar-Ardamin.

[edit] Genealogy

Tar-Vanimeldë
2277 - 2637
 
Tar-Anducal
2286 - 2657
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tar-Alcarin
2406 - 2737
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
TAR-CALMACIL
2516 - 2825
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tar-Ardamin
2618 - 2899
 
Gimilzagar
b. 2630
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ar-Adûnakhôr
2709 - 2962
 
 
 
 


[edit] Etymology

It has been suggested that his name means in Quenya "light-sword", containing the word macil.[3]

[edit] Other Versions of the Legendarium

In Appendix A of The Lord of the Rings, Ar-Adûnakhôr was listed as following Tar-Calmacil[4] while in the more detailed The Line of Elros: Kings of Númenor from the Unfinished Tales the next ruler was Tar-Ardamin. According to Christopher Tolkien, Tar-Ardamin was simply omitted and did belong in the list.[5]

[edit] References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, Index
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The Line of Elros: Kings of Númenor", Tar-Calmacil
  3. Helge Fauskanger, "Quettaparma Quenyallo" , Ardalambion (accessed 27 February 2015)
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "Númenor"
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The Line of Elros: Kings of Númenor", Note 11
Tar-Calmacil
House of Elros
Born: S.A. 2516 Died: S.A. 2825
Preceded by:
Tar-Alcarin
18th King of Númenor
S.A. 2737 - 2825
Followed by:
Tar-Ardamin