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Ar-Adûnakhôr

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Ar-Adûnakhôr
Númenórean
Biographical Information
Other namesTar-Herunúmen (Q)
TitlesKing of Númenor
LocationNúmenor
AffiliationKing's Men
LanguageAdûnaic
BirthS.A. 2709
RuleS.A. 2899 - 2962 (63 years)
DeathS.A. 2962 (aged 253)
Family
HouseHouse of Elros
ParentageTar-Ardamin
ChildrenAr-Zimrathôn
Physical Description
GenderMale
Ar-Adûnakhôr was the son of King Tar-Ardamin and the twentieth King of Númenor.

Contents

[edit] History

Adûnakhôr was born in a time when most Númenóreans already had stopped using the Elven tongues generations before, although it was still customary for the Kings of Númenor to take their royal names in Quenya. When Ar-Adûnakhôr succeeded his father, however, he was the first King to break with tradition and took his title in Adûnaic.

His name also was blasphemous, since its very meaning signifed "Lord of the West" and properly referred to Manwë. It was deemed as a direct challenge to the lordship of the Valar, and the Faithful Númenóreans (still loyal to the Valar) considered it ill-omened.

In addition to taking an Adûnaic name, Ar-Adûnakhôr forbade the speaking of the Elven tongues in his presence and persecuted the Faithful. Because of the cold feelings of Ar-Adûnakhôr and most of his people to the Eldar and the Valar, Elven ships came from Tol Eressëa to the west of Númenor only seldom and in secret.

He was succeeded to the throne by his son, Ar-Zimrathôn.

[edit] Etymology and names

Despite Ar-Adûnakhôr's hatred of the Elvish tongues his name was still recorded in the Scroll of Kings in High-elven form: Tar-Herunúmen.[1][2]

Adûnakhôr is an Adûnaic name that means "Lord of the West". It can be analyzed as adûn "West" (S. dûn) and khôr "Lord" (Q. heru). It is said that as a title, it signifies Manwe. Although the name was taken in defiance of Quenya, ironically its elements are said to be of Elvish origin.[3]

[edit] Genealogy

Tar-Calmacil
 
 
 
 
Tar-Ardamin
 
 
 
 
AR-ADÛNAKHÔR
 
 
 
 
Ar-Zimrathôn

[edit] References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Akallabêth: The Downfall of Númenor"
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The Line of Elros: Kings of Númenor", Ar-Adûnakhôr
  3. Helge Fauskanger, "Adûnaic - the vernacular of Númenor" , Ardalambion (accessed 24 October 2014)
Ar-Adûnakhôr
House of Elros
Born: S.A. 2709 Died: S.A. 2962
Preceded by:
Tar-Ardamin
20th King of Númenor
S.A. 2899 - 2962
Followed by:
Ar-Zimrathôn