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White Tree of Gondor

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The name White Tree refers to more than one character, item or concept. For a list of other meanings, see White Tree (disambiguation).
White Tree of Gondor
Ted Nasmith - The White Tree.jpg
"The White Tree" by Ted Nasmith
Other namesWhite Tree of Minas Tirith, White Tree of the Eldar
LocationMinas Ithil, later Minas Tirith
FamilyTrees of Galathilion's line
AppearanceA white tree with leaves dark on top and silver beneath; and clusters of white blossoms

The White Tree of Gondor stood as a symbol of Gondor in the Court of the Fountain in Minas Tirith. Its predecessor was a seedling of Nimloth planted in Minas Ithil, that was destroyed before the end of the Second Age.

The White Tree also appears in the Livery of Elendil, as a motif upon Gondor's flag.


[edit] History

[edit] First White Tree

The first White Tree of Gondor came from a fruit that Isildur, at great personal risk, managed to steal from Nimloth the Fair, the White Tree of Númenor, before that one was destroyed at Sauron's insistence. He suffered many wounds at this mission, and he came near death, but when the first leaf opened in the spring, Isildur was healed of his wounds.

This sapling was brought to Middle-earth on Isildur's ship, and it was eventually planted in Minas Ithil before his house. But when Sauron returned to Middle-earth, he launched a sudden attack in S.A. 3429 that captured Minas Ithil, and he burned the White Tree. Isildur escaped taking with him again a sapling.[1][2]

[edit] Second White Tree

In the T.A. 2, Isildur planted the seedling of the White Tree in Minas Anor in memory of his brother, Anárion.[2][3]

This White Tree lasted until T.A. 1636, when the Great Plague hit Gondor, killing among many others King Telemnar and his children.[3]

[edit] Third White Tree

See also: Dead Tree

A third sapling was planted in T.A. 1640 by King Tarondor and died in T.A. 2872 with the death of the Ruling Steward Belecthor II.[3][4]

Since no seedling was found, it was left standing after its death "until the King returns".[4][3] When eventually replaced in T.A. 3019, it was placed in the Tombs of the Kings with royal honors.

[edit] Fourth White Tree

When Aragorn became king he discovered (with Gandalf's help) a sapling of the White Tree on the high hallow upon the slopes of Mindolluin, high above the city, which he reverently planted in its place. In June of T.A. 3019 the sapling bloomed.[5][note 1]

[edit] Genealogy

Destroyed by Morgoth and Ungoliant
Galathilion on Túna
Made in the image of Telperion
Celeborn of Tol Eressëa
Nimloth of Númenor
First Tree of Gondor (Minas Ithil)
S.A. 3320 - 3429 (planted by Isildur)
Second Tree of Gondor (Minas Anor)
T.A. 2 - 1636 (planted by Isildur)
Third Tree of Gondor (Minas Tirith)
T.A. 1640 - 2872 (planted by Tarondor)
Fourth Tree of Gondor (Minas Tirith)
Since T.A. 3019 (planted by Elessar)


  1. There is an inconsistency in dates: according to Appendix B, Elessar found the sapling on June 25; however the chapter The Steward and the King states that "when the month of June entered in it was laden with blossom", suggesting here that Aragorn planted the sapling before June began.


  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Second Age"
  2. 2.0 2.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Of the Rings of Power and the Third Age"
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Third Age"
  4. 4.0 4.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "Gondor and the Heirs of Anárion", "The Stewards"
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, "The Steward and the King"