|This article's canonicity is disputed.|
Giants are beings shrouded in mystery. Gandalf the Grey was known for telling stories about dragons and goblins and giants and Bilbo had heard of giants in tales, but none of these tales survive and the origin and history of the giants is obscure.
A local legend among the indigenous people of Gondor told of giants making the White Mountains, to keep Men out of their lands by the Sea. One of them, Tarlang, tripped, and broke his neck. The other giants did not clean up his body, which became incorporated in the land instead. The giant's neck became Tarlang's Neck, his head Dol Tarlang, and the stones he was carrying Cûl Veleg and Cûl Bîn. The city of Minas Tirith, as stood on Amon Tirith, seemed to have been "carved" by giants out of the rock.
The stone-giants lived in the Misty Mountains during the late Third Age. Upon coming, they drove out the majority of the bears that lived there. They found a sport in throwing rocks at each other, and then into the depths below them to hear them shatter among the trees.
Giants are notable for being definitely mentioned in The Hobbit as actual creatures of the mythological setting, yet appearing nowhere else among the creatures and races of Arda, nor participating in any of the wars. The Valaquenta doesn't mention them, nor Treebeard's list of the living creatures, nor do they appear in the wars of the Elder Days, neither does Sauron use them as he did with the Orcs of the Misty Mountains.
This led some Tolkienists to assume that giants are maybe a fleeting idea of Tolkien that perhaps should not be considered canonical. Robert Foster comments that the stone-giants "may be no more serious than Golfimbul".
Other theories attempt to include the giants among the known races of Arda. For example they might be a large race of Men (like Hobbits are a small race of Men), or Trolls, or simply "nature spirits" more or less like Tom Bombadil. Furthermore, Douglas A. Anderson's annotations in The Annotated Hobbit: Revised and Expanded Edition express the opinion that stone-giants are a variety of troll.
 Other versions of the legendarium
 Before The Hobbit
Giants originally had a larger part in the legendarium. In one early manuscript, the giants are counted among the Úvanimor, servants of Melko. In another manuscript, the giants are counted among the Earthlings, and are divided between the "wood-giants" (Qenya ulbandi) and "mountainous-giants" (Qenya taulir). And in other early writings, two giants are named: Nan (said to be like an Elm-tree) and Gilim (whose name is Gnomish for "winter")..
It is quite possible that their appearance in The Hobbit is a relic from this early phase of the legendarium. John D. Rateliff has argued that they might have become "free agents"; not wicked, but simply not aware of their surroundings.
 Other names and etymologies
 Giants and Ents
Giants were the wicked precursors of Ents. The elm-like features of the Giant Nan, and that in early versions of The Lord of the Rings it was the Giant Treebeard who held Gandalf captive, not Saruman, makes the connection between Giants and Ents within J.R.R. Tolkien's imagination clear.
An early name for the Ettenmoors was called "Entish Lands". As Christopher Tolkien notes, "Ent" comes from an Old English word for "giant", and was used before Tolkien conceived the later benevolent Ents of The Two Towers. The word is seen at various points in Beowulf, for example line 2717, enta geweorc, "the work of giants".
In the Return of the King it is noted that Minas Tirith "seemed to have been not builded but carven by giants out of the bones of the earth". Hammond and Scull have suggested that this notion derives from Old English mythology, in which giants were often portrayed as builders of ancient structures.
 Other fiction
 Portrayal in adaptations
|Giants in adaptations|
- Stone-giants are seen throwing rocks and crashing into each other as Thorin and Company travel over the Misty Mountains. In the film, they are interpreted as literally being colossal stone entities.
1982: Middle-earth Role Playing:
- Several divisions and races of giants are described and given statistics, such as Stone Giants, Ice Giants, Giants of the Southern Misty Mountains, and Red Giants.
- Giants, called Thunder's Companions, are one of the Hazard Creatures.
2003: The Hobbit (2003 video game):
- Stone-giants are golem-like creatures that appear in the fourth level, hurling rocks at Bilbo as he tries to travel along a mountain path. They are completely made of stone, and their stones are dangerous.
- "Mountain Giants" are large and powerful beings in the Goblin faction, with brown scaly skin. They can hurl stones at great distance, and serve as the faction's artillery units.
2007: The Lord of the Rings Online:
- Several tribes of giants appear in the game, including Stone-giants, Ogres (also called Jorthkyn or Earth-kin), and Ice-giants. While some are enemy creatures, others remain neutral and can be befriended by the player.
- A renegade Stone-Giant named Bargrisar appears in the game, serving as a boss character. Swayed by Sauron to serve him, he becomes the leader of a large party of Orcs and Trolls. Backed by his army, Bargrisar seeks to destroy the nests of the Great Eagles and plunder the North for riches. Similar to the portrayal in The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey, he is a being composed entirely of stone.
- Multiple stone-giants appear as the main conflict in the level Over Hill and Under Hill, in which their fighting poses a threat to the party.
1989: The Hobbit (comic book):
- Giants are displayed as bearded gigantic men with regular leather attire.
 See also
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "An Unexpected Party"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "Riddles in the Dark"
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 3.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, John D. Rateliff (ed.), The History of The Hobbit, Mr. Baggins, The Second Phase, "Goblins", "(iii): The Giants", pp. 143-5
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, "Nomenclature of The Lord of the Rings" in Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull (eds), The Lord of the Rings: A Reader's Companion, pp. 536-7
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, "Minas Tirith"
- ↑ Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull (eds), The Lord of the Rings: A Reader's Companion, p. 183
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, "Flight to the Ford"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "Queer Lodgings"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "Over Hill and Under Hill"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "Out of the Frying-Pan into the Fire"
- ↑ Robert Foster, The Complete Guide to Middle-earth, p. 366
- ↑ Steuard Jensen, "What were the giants?", Tolkien Meta-FAQ (accessed 14 July 2020)
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien; Douglas A. Anderson, (ed.), (2002) The Annotated Hobbit: Revised and Expanded Edition, p. 104
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Book of Lost Tales Part One, "X. Gilfanon's Tale: The Travail of the Noldoli and the Coming of Mankind"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, "Early Qenya and The Valmaric Script", in Parma Eldalamberon XIV (edited by Carl F. Hostetter, Christopher Gilson, Arden R. Smith, Patrick H. Wynne, and Bill Welden), p. 9
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lays of Beleriand, "III. The Lay of Leithian: Canto V (Lúthien's captivity in Doriath)" (verse 1497)
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Book of Lost Tales Part Two, "I. The Tale of Tinúviel"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, "Part Three: The Etymologies" (cf. Root NOROTH)
- ↑ Roman Rausch, "Essekenta Endamarwa - Names from The Return of the Shadow, The Treason of Isengard and The War of the Ring" dated 23 December 2006, Sindanórie (accessed 8 October 2011)
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, "Addenda and Corrigenda to the Etymologies — Part One" (edited by Carl F. Hostetter and Patrick H. Wynne), in Vinyar Tengwar, Number 45, November 2003, p. 21
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Return of the Shadow, "The Third Phase (3): XXI. To Weathertop and Rivendell"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Return of the Shadow, "The First Phase: XI. From Weathertop to the Ford, Note on the Entish Lands"
- ↑ Howell D. Chickering, Jr., "Beowulf: A Dual Language Edition", pp. 212-3
- ↑ Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull (eds), The Lord of the Rings: A Reader's Companion, p. 514
- ↑ Carl Willner (1985), Goblin-gate and Eagle's Eyrie (#8070)
- ↑ Randy Maxwell (1997), The Northern Waste (#2025)
- ↑ Randell E. Doty (1987), Dunland and the Southern Misty Mountains (#3600)
- ↑ Ruth Sochard Pitt, Jeff O'Hare, Peter C. Fenlon, Jr. (1994), Creatures of Middle-earth (2nd edition) (#2012)
- ↑ The Hobbit (2003 video game), "Over Hill and Under Hill"
|Legendary Races of Arda|
|Animals:||Dumbledors · Gorcrows · Hummerhorns · Pards · Swans of Gorbelgod · Turtle-fish|
|Dragon-kind:||Great glow-worms · Sea-serpents · Spark-dragons · Were-worms|
|Evil Races:||Giants · Gongs · Half-trolls · Hobgoblins · Ogres · Snow-trolls · Two-headed Trolls|
|Fairies:||Dryads · Leprechauns/Leprawns · Mermaids · Sprites · Sylphs · White cow|
|Other:||Badger-folk · Great beasts · Lintips · Mewlips · Nameless Things · Spectres|
|Individuals:||The Hunter · Lonely Troll · Man in the Moon · The Rider · River-woman · Tarlang · Tim|