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Sarati

"...It is a long tale..." — Aragorn
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The name Rúmil refers to more than one character, item or concept. For a list of other meanings, see Rúmil (disambiguation).
Valar empannen Aldaru / mi kon-alkorin / ar sealálan táro / ar sílankálan ve laure ve misil.
"The Gods planted the Two Trees / in a blessed garth / and they grow high / and shine like gold like silver".

The Sarati, or The Alphabet of Rúmil, was invented by Rúmil of Tirion in Valinor. When Fëanor created the later Tengwar script, more ubiquitous both in Middle-earth and in real life, he modeled it after the Sarati. Unlike the Tengwar and Tolkien's other Elvish alphabet, the Cirth, the Sarati is written from top to bottom, then left to right. Sarati is unusual in that it is legible if written by either hand moving in either direction, and can be mirrored.

As in the later Tengwar, each full character represents a consonant, while vowels are represented with diacritics called tehtar. In the Sarati, vowel signs are written to the left or right of the consonants. According to Tolkien, consonants were considered more salient than vowels, and vowels were considered merely modifiers. When writing Quenya, the sign for "a" is usually omitted, as it is the most common vowel in Quenya. This would technically make the Sarati an abugida with an inherent vowel of "a".

Tolkien used the Sarati in one of his diaries but because he had continued to alter the alphabet with time he found it difficult to read earlier diary entries .[1][2]

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References

  1. Humphrey Carpenter, J.R.R. Tolkien: A Biography, "III. 1917-1925: The making of a mythology", p. 100
  2. Måns Björkman, References on Amanye Tenceli (external link)
Languages in Tolkien's works
Elvish languages Avarin · Common Eldarin · Gnomish · Nandorin · Noldorin · Primitive Quendian · Quenya (Exilic · Qenya · Telerin · Valinorean · Vanyarin) · Silvan · Sindarin (Doriathrin · Falathrin · Númenórean · Ilkorin · Mithrim · Old)
Mannish languages Adûnaic · Dalish · Drúedainic · Dunlendish · Pre-Númenórean · Rohirric · Taliska · Westron (Hobbitish)
Dwarvish languages Iglishmêk · Khuzdul
Other languages Black Speech · Entish · Orkish · Valarin · Warg-language
Outside the legendarium Animalic · Arktik · Mágol · Naffarin · Nevbosh
Scripts Angerthas/Cirth (Daeron · Erebor · Moria) · Goblin Alphabet · Moon-letters · Tengwar · Sarati · Valmaric script
"A Secret Vice" (book) · "The Lhammas" · "The Tree of Tongues" · Sub-creation